Manuel Noriega: Perbedaan revisi

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|caption=Mugshot of Noriega, after his surrender (1990)
|order=[[Daftar kepala negara Panama|Pemimpin militer Panama]]
|term=12 Agustus 1983 – 20 Desember 1989<br />({{age in years and days|1983|8|12|1989|12|20}})
|president=[[Ricardo de la Espriella]]<br />[[Jorge Illueca]]<br />[[Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino]]<br />[[Eric Arturo Delvalle]]<br />[[Manuel Solís]]<br />[[Francisco Rodríguez]]
|predecessor=[[Rubén Darío Paredes]]
|successor=[[Guillermo Endara]] (sebagai Presiden Panama)
|birth_date={{birth date and age|1934|2|11|df=y}}
|birth_place=[[Panama City]], [[Provinsi Panamá|Panamá]]<br />[[Panama|Republik Panama]]
|alma_mater=[[Sekolah Militer Chorrillos]]<br />[[Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation|School of the Americas]]
}}
'''Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno'''<ref>Boyd Marciacq, Carmen. "[http://www.elsiglo.com/siglov2/Nacion.php?idsec=1&fechaz=29-01-2007&idnews=33933 Noriega: el dictador]." ''[[El Siglo]]''. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.</ref> ({{IPA-es|maˈnwel noˈɾjeɣa}}; {{lahirmati||11|2|1934}}) adalah prajurit dan politisi asal [[Panama]]. Ia adalah [[Diktaktor militer]] [[Panama]] dari tahun [[1983]] hingga [[1989]].<ref name="t">{{cite journal |url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1101880222-148712,00.html |title=Panama Noriega's Money Machine |first=Michael S. |last=Serrill |journal=[[Time (magazine)|Time]] |date=2001-01-24}}</ref>
* William Blum [http://www.fpif.org/briefs/vol1/cia_body.html "The CIA, Contras, Gangs, and Crack"] at Foreign Policy in Focus
* Cole, Ronald. [http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/jfq_pubs/1220.pdf Grenada, Panama, and Haiti]. United States of America: ''Joint History Office{{ndash}} [[Defense Technical Information Center]], US Department of Defense''. 1998, 1999.
* Dinges, John, ''Our Man in Panama: The Shrewd Rise and Brutal Fall of Manuel Noriega'', New York, Random House, 1991. ISBN 08129195050-8129-1950-5
* Noriega, Manuel and Eisner, Peter. ''America's Prisoner{{ndash}} The Memoirs of Manuel Noriega''. Random House, 1997.
* Koster, R.M. and Sánchez, Guillermo. ''In the Time of the Tyrants: Panama, 1968–1990''. W W Norton & Co Inc, 1990.
* Murillo, Luis E. (1995). The Noriega Mess: The Drugs, the Canal, and Why America Invaded. 1096 pages, illustrated. Berkeley: Video Books. ISBN 0-923444-02-5.
* Robert C. Harding (2001). ''Military Foundations of Panamanian Politics'', Transaction Publishers.
* Robert C. Harding (2006) ''The History of Panama'', Greenwood Publishing.
* [http://www.cnn.com/2004/US/12/04/noriega.stroke/index.html Noriega suffers mild stroke, hospitalized in Miami (CNN.com)]
* [http://www.thislife.org/radio-archives/episode/246/My-Pen-Pal ''My Pen Pal''], the story of [[Sarah York]], a girl from a small [[Michigan]] town who was a pen pal with Noriega, beginning c. 1988.
* [http://www.arm.org/noriega.htm ''The Conversion of Manuel Noriega''], American Rehabilitation Ministries. Noriega's profession of faith in Jesus Christ and his baptism in 1992 are chronicled.
* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0IAV/is_1_90/ai_70777165 The Battle for Coco Solo Panama, 1989] Analysis by former USMA faculty member and Academy graduate
 
|before=[[Rubén Darío Paredes]]
|after=[[Guillermo Endara]] (sebagai Presiden Panama)
|years=1983&ndash;19891983–1989}}
{{End box}}
 
{{lifetime|1934||}}
 
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[[be-x-old:Мануэль Нар'еґа]]
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[[es:Manuel Antonio Noriega]]
[[eo:Manuel Noriega]]
[[es:Manuel Antonio Noriega]]
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[[fi:Manuel Noriega]]
[[fr:Manuel Noriega]]
[[he:מנואל נורייגה]]
[[ko:마누엘 노리에가]]
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[[ja:マヌエル・ノリエガ]]
[[he:מנואל נורייגה]]
[[ka:მანუელ ნორიეგა]]
[[ko:마누엘 노리에가]]
[[lt:Manuel Noriega]]
[[mr:मनुएल नोरिगा]]
[[ms:Manuel Noriega]]
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[[ja:マヌエル・ノリエガ]]
[[ka:მანუელ ნორიეგა]]
[[no:Manuel Noriega]]
[[pl:Manuel Noriega]]
[[ru:Норьега, Мануэль]]
[[sr:Мануел Норијега]]
[[fi:Manuel Noriega]]
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