Aljazair Prancis: Perbedaan antara revisi

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{{Short description|French colony in Northern Africa from 1830 to 1962}}
{{Infobox Former Subdivision
{{Infobox country
|native_name = ''Algérie
| native_name = <span style="font-weight: normal">{{native name|fr|Algérie française|italics=no}}<br />{{native name|ar|الجزائر المستعمرة|italics=no}}</span><!-- Unenboldened per [[MOS:BADITALICS]] -->
|common_name = Aljazair
| conventional_long_name = Aljazair Prancis
|continent = Afrika
|region common_name = Afrika UtaraAljazair
|country image_flag = Flag =of France (1794–1815, Aljazair1830–1958).svg
|continent flag_type = Afrika
|subdivision = ''[[Daftar departemen di Prancis#Departemen Aljazair Prancis|Département]]''
|nation image_coat = Arms of =Algeria Prancis1877.png
|year_start symbol = 1830Emblem of Algeria
|year_end symbol_type = [[Lambang =Aljazair|Lambang]] 1962(1877)
|date_start symbol_width = 5 Juli 1830
| other_symbol = [[File:Seal of the Government-General of Algeria.svg|100px]]
|date_end = 3 Juli 1962
| other_symbol_type = Seal of the Government-General
|event_start = [[Invasi Aljazair 1830|Penyerahan diri Aljazair]]
|event_end image_map = [[PerangFrench Algeria evolution Aljazair|Kemerdekaan1830-1962 Aljazair]]map-fr.svg
| image_map_caption = Evolusi wilayahPeta Aljazair Prancis.
|p1 = Regency Aljir
| status = '''1830–1848:'''<br />[[Koloni]]<br />'''1848–1962''':<br />''De jure'': [[Departemen di Prancis|''Départements d'Algérie]]<br />''De facto'': [[Imperium Prancis|Koloni]]
|flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
|s1 empire = Aljazair Prancis
| government_type = [[Departemen di Prancis|Departemen]]
|flag_s1 = Flag of Algeria.svg
| title_representative = [[Gubernur Jenderal]]
|image_flag = Flag of France.svg
| representative1 = [[Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont|Louis-Auguste-Victor Bourmont]]
|flag_type =
| year_representative1 = 1830 (pertama)
|image_coat = Algérie française sceau Gouvernement Général de l'Algérie 1865.jpg
| representative2 = [[Christian Fouchet]]
|image_map = French Algeria evolution 1830-1962 map-fr.svg
| year_representative2 = 1962 (terakhir)
|image_map_caption = Evolusi wilayah Aljazair Prancis.
| official_languages = {{hlist |[[Bahasa Arab|Arab]]|[[bahasa Berber|Berber]]|[[bahasa Prancis|Prancis]]}}
|capital = [[Aljir]]
| area_km2 = 2381741
| area_sq_mi = 919595
| year_start = 1830
| year_end = 1962
| date_start = 5 Juli
| date_end = 35 Juli 1962
| event_start = [[Invasi Aljazair 1830|Penyerahan diri AljazairAljir]]
| event_end = [[Perang Kemerdekaan Aljazair|Kemerdekaan Aljazair]]
| p1 = Aljazair Utsmaniyah
| flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag of_Ottoman Algiers.svggif
| p2 = Emirat Abdelkader
| flag_p2 = Flag of the Emirate of Mascara.svg
| p3 = Kesultanan Ait Abbas
| flag_p3 = Beni Abbas Kingdom2.svg
|p1 p4 = RegencyKel AljirAhaggar
|image_flag flag_p4 = Flag of FranceKel Ahaggar.svg
| s1 = Aljazair{{!}}Republik Demokratik Rakyat Aljazair
| flag_s1 = Flag of Algeria.svg
| national_anthem = [[La Parisienne (song)|La Parisienne]] (1830–1848)<br>[[Le Chant des Girondins]] (1848–1852)<br>[[Partant pour la Syrie]] (1852–1870)<br>[[La Marseillaise]] (1870–1962)
| capital = [[Aljir]]
| largest_city = capital
| currency = [[Budju Aljazair]] (1830–1848)<br>[[Franc]] (1848–1962)
| time_zone = [[Central European Time|CET]]
| utc_offset = +1
| date_format = dd/mm/yyyy
| drives_on = kanan
|common_name today = {{flag|Aljazair}}
|flag_type demonym =
| area_rank =
| GDP_PPP =
| GDP_PPP_year =
| HDI =
| HDI_year =
| legislature = {{illm|Majelis Aljazair|fr|Assemblée algérienne}} (1948–1956)
}}
 
'''Aljazair Prancis''' ({{lang-fr|Alger}} hingga tahun 1839, kemudian ''Algérie'' setelah itu;<ref>[[Scheiner, Virgile]]. "''Le pays occupé par les Français dans le nord de l'Afrique sera, à l'avenir, désigné sous le nom d'Algérie.''" 14 October 1839. {{fr icon}}</ref> secara tidak resmi disebut ''Algérie française'',<ref>Non exhaustive list of ancient and modern books named "Algérie française": {{fr}} 1848 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=5YELAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=UTsklOmdn4&sig=ebtKmGHBNwAC2TlRUyBsgtNMY5A&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 1856 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=FTJ1p231EuoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=LUUkHJLPIa&sig=p_2Bpls9ooS7lBoS6a2cB0Bu69g&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 1864 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=KPS2TOIwk_kC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=cw_kFdY8cq&sig=79pZKy4Z4d4BwI7LmgkXaHz5NC8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 2007 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=G5HtnmIji7IC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=VQkEh4aClt&sig=GvzEb5wyVn5RAGkZKACqhjDE5wI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; and so on [https://www.google.fr/search?q=%22French+Algeria%22&btnG=Search+Books&tbm=bks&tbo=1#q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&hl=en&tbo=1&tbm=bks&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&start=10&sa=N&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&fp=e999ce0a72b02920&biw=1024&bih=540]</ref><ref>{{en}} Royal Institute for international affairs, ''African Boundaries'', 1979, p. 89, [http://books.google.fr/books?id=A8Du4k0udx4C&pg=PA89&lpg=PA89&dq=%22French+Algeria%22&source=bl&ots=qFiGFvUJkM&sig=oO1Uk3TcUl8TnSc_Pkgs10fEQt4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jjZoUJzRNY22hAeCn4AY&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage&q=%22French%20Algeria%22&f=false]</ref> {{lang-ar|الجزائر الفرنسية}} ''Al-Jaza'ir Al-Fransiyah'') dari tahun 1830 hingga tahun 1962, di bawah berbagai sistem pemerintahan. Dari tahun 1848 hingga kemerdekaan, wilayah Mediterania seluruh Aljazair diberikan sebagai bagian integral dari [[Prancis]], seperti [[Corsica]] dan [[Réunion]] yang sampai hari ini. Pedalaman yang tandus dan luas di Aljazair, seperti sisa [[Prancis Afrika Utara]], tidak pernah dianggap sebagai bagian dari Prancis. Salah satu wilayah luar negeri yang menjadi wilayah kekuasaan [[Prancis]], [[Aljazair]] menjadi tujuan bagi ratusan ribu imigran [[kelompok etnis Eropa|Eropa]], yang dikenal sebagai ''kolon'' dan kemudian, sebagai ''[[pied-noir]]''.
 
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