Kepastian saling menghancurkan: Perbedaan antara revisi

Rescuing 4 sources and tagging 0 as dead.) #IABot (v2.0.8
(Rescuing 4 sources and tagging 0 as dead.) #IABot (v2.0.8)
[[Berkas:Hiroshima aftermath.jpg|jmpl|ka|270px|Dampak ledakan bom atom di Hiroshima, 6 Agustus 1945]]
 
'''Kepastian saling menghancurkan''', atau '''''mutually assured destruction''''' ('''MAD'''), adalah [[doktrin]] [[strategi]] militer dan [[keamanan nasional|kebijakan keamanan nasional]] yang menyatakan bahwa penggunaan [[senjata penghancur massal]] berskala besar oleh dua pihak yang bertentangan atau lebih akan mengakibatkan [[holocaust nuklir|kehancuran total]] di pihak penyerang maupun pihak bertahan.<ref>[http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/history/cold-war/strategy/strategy-mutual-assured-destruction.htm Mutual Assured Destruction]; Col. Alan J. Parrington, USAF, [http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj97/win97/parrin.html Mutually Assured Destruction Revisited, Strategic Doctrine in Question] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150620055606/http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj97/win97/parrin.html |date=2015-06-20 }}, Airpower Journal, Winter 1997.</ref> Doktrin ini didasarkan pada teori [[teori deterensi|deterensi]] yang menyatakan bahwa ancaman pemakaian senjata canggih terhadap lawan membuat lawan tidak bisa memakai senjata canggih yang sama. Strategi ini merupakan bentuk [[ekuilibrium Nash]] ketika tidak ada satu pihak pun, meskipun bersenjata, yang mau menciptakan konflik atau mengakhirinya duluan.
 
== Lihat pula ==
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20060301faessay85204-p0/keir-a-lieber-daryl-g-press/the-rise-of-u-s-nuclear-primacy.html "The Rise of U.S. Nuclear Primacy" from Foreign Affairs, March/April 2006] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070405120649/http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20060301faessay85204-p0/keir-a-lieber-daryl-g-press/the-rise-of-u-s-nuclear-primacy.html |date=2007-04-05 }}
* [http://repository.library.georgetown.edu/handle/10822/552552 First Strike and Mutual Deterrence] from the [http://www.library.georgetown.edu/digital/krogh Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives]
* [http://trace.ntu.ac.uk/frame2/articles/borg/kahn.html Herman Kahn's Doomsday Machine] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20040902085658/http://trace.ntu.ac.uk/frame2/articles/borg/kahn.html |date=2004-09-02 }}
* [http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Deterrence/Deterrence.shtml Robert McNamara's "Mutual Deterrence" speech from 1967]
* [http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/Pubs/display.cfm?pubid=585 Getting MAD: Nuclear Mutual Assured Destruction] {{Webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20080527074314/http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=585 |date=2008-05-27 }}
* [http://www.armscontrolcenter.org Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation]
* [http://www.clw.org Council for a Livable World]
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