Douglas C-47 Skytrain: Perbedaan revisi

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== Sejarah ==
=== Dunia ===
C-47 Dakota berkiprah sejak [[Perang Dunia II]] hingga [[Perang Vietnam]]
==== Perang Dunia II ====
[[Berkas:US_Army_Pathfinders_June_1944.jpg|ka|jmpl|[[Pathfinders (military)|U.S. Army Pathfinders]] and [[United States Army Air Force|USAAF]] flight crew prior to [[D-Day]], June 1944, in front of a C-47 Skytrain at [[RAF North Witham]]]]
The C-47 was vital to the success of many Allied campaigns, in particular those at [[Battle of Guadalcanal|Guadalcanal]] and in the jungles of [[New Guinea]] and [[Burma Campaign|Burma]], where the C-47 and its naval version, the R4D, made it possible for Allied troops to counter the mobility of the light-travelling Japanese Army. C-47s were used to airlift supplies to the encircled American forces during the [[Battle of Bastogne]] in Belgium. Possibly its most influential role in military aviation, however, was flying "[[The Hump]]" from India into China. The expertise gained flying "The Hump" was later used in the [[Berlin Airlift]], in which the C-47 played a major role, until the aircraft were replaced by [[Douglas C-54 Skymaster|Douglas C-54 Skymasters]].{{Citation Needed|date=February 2018}}
In Europe, the C-47 and a specialized [[Paratrooper|paratroop]] variant, the C-53 Skytrooper, were used in vast numbers in the later stages of the war, particularly to tow [[Military glider|gliders]] and drop paratroops. During the [[Allied invasion of Sicily|invasion of Sicily]] in July 1943, C-47s dropped 4,381 Allied paratroops. More than 50,000 paratroops were dropped by C-47s during the first few days of the [[D-Day]] campaign also known as the [[invasion of Normandy]], France, in June 1944.<ref>Cacutt, Len. "The World's Greatest Aircraft," Exeter Books, New York, NY, 1988. {{ISBN|0-7917-0011-9}}.</ref> In the [[Pacific War]], with careful use of the island landing strips of the Pacific Ocean, C-47s were used for ferrying soldiers serving in the Pacific theater back to the United States.
[[Berkas:C-47s_at_Tempelhof_Airport_Berlin_1948.jpg|jmpl|C-47s unloading at [[Tempelhof Airport]] during the [[Berlin Blockade|Berlin Airlift]]]]
About 2,000 C-47s (received under [[Lend-Lease]]) in British and Commonwealth service [[British military aircraft designation systems|took the name "Dakota"]], possibly inspired by the acronym "DACoTA" for Douglas Aircraft Company Transport Aircraft.<ref>[ "History: Douglas C-47 Skytrain Military Transport"]. Boeing. Retrieved: 14 July 2015.</ref>
The C-47 also earned the informal nickname "[[Albatross|gooney bird]]" in the European theatre of operations.<ref name="Proceedings">O'Rourke, G.G, CAPT USN. "Of Hosenoses, Stoofs, and Lefthanded Spads". ''United States Naval Institute Proceedings'', July 1968.</ref> Other sources<ref>''C-47/R4D Skytrain units of the Pacific and CBI'', David Isby, Osprey Combat Aircraft #66, Osprey Publishing Limited, 2007</ref> attribute this name to the first aircraft, a USMC R2D—the military version of the DC-2—being the first aircraft to land on Midway Island, previously home to the long-winged albatross known as the gooney bird which was native to Midway.
=== C-47 Dakota di TNI AU ===