Panchen Lama: Perbedaan antara revisi

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The Panchen Lama bears part of the responsibility for finding the incarnation of the [[Dalai Lama]] and vice versa.{{Fact|date=January 2009}} Furthermore, the search for the late Panchen Lama's reincarnation, or any reincarnation, is a philosophic matter.{{Fact|date=January 2009}} In the case of the Panchen Lama, the procedures traditionally involve a final selection process by the Dalai Lama.{{Fact|date=January 2009}} This has been the tradition since the Fifth Dalai lama, [[Lobsang Gyatso, 5th Dalai Lama|Ngawang Lobsang]], recognized his teacher ''Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen'' as the Panchen (Great Scholar) Lama of [[Tashilhunpo Monastery]] (Bkra-shis Lhung-po) in [[Shigatse]] (Gzhis-ka rtse). With this appointment, Lobsang Choekyi Gyaltsen's three previous incarnations were posthumously recognised as Panchen Lamas. The Fifth Dalai Lama also recognized Panchen [[Lobsang Yeshe]] (Blo-bzang Ye-shes) as the Fifth Panchen Lama. The [[Kelsang Gyatso, 7th Dalai Lama|Seventh Dalai Lama]] recognized the [[Sixth Panchen Lama]], who in turn recognized the [[Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama|Eighth Dalai Lama]]. Similarly, the Eighth Dalai Lama recognised the [[Seventh Panchen Lama]].<ref>[ Appeal For Chatral Rinpoche's Release], from the website of "The Office of Tibet, the official agency of His Holiness the Dalai Lama in London"</ref>
[[Choekyi Gyaltsen]], the 10th Panchen Lama, became the most important political and religious figure in Tibet following the [[Tenzin Gyatso|14th Dalai Lama]]'s escape to India in [[1959]]. In April, 1959 the 10th Panchen Lama sent a telegram to Beijing expressing his support for suppressing the 1959 rebellion. “He also called on Tibetans to support the Chinese government.” <ref> Lee Feigon, Demystifying Tibet, page 163.</ref> However, in [[1964]], he was imprisoned.<ref>[ Exploring Chinese History :: East Asian Region :: Tibet]</ref> His situation worsened when the [[Cultural Revolution]] began. The Chinese dissident [[Wei Jingsheng]] wrote in March 1979 a letter denouncing the inhumane conditions of the Chinese [[Qincheng Prison]] where the late Panchen Lama was imprisoned.<ref>[ Excerpts from Qincheng: A Twentieth Century Bastille, published in Exploration, March 1979]</ref> In October [[1977]], he was released but held under house arrest in [[Beijing]] until [[1982]]. In [[1979]], he married a [[Han Chinese]] woman and in 1983 they had a daughter,<ref>[ BUDDHA'S DAUGHTER: A YOUNG TIBETAN-CHINESE WOMAN]</ref> which was considered controversial for a [[Gelug]] lama. In [[1989]], the 10th Panchen Lama died suddenly in [[Shigatse]], Tibet, at the age of 51, shortly after giving a speech critical of the Chinese neglect for the religion and culture of the Tibetans.<ref name="BBC">{{cite news| title = Panchen Lama Poisoned arrow |url = | publisher = BBC| date = 2001-10-14 | accessdate = 2007-04-29}}</ref>
His daughter, now a young woman, is [[Yabshi Pan Rinzinwangmo]], better known as "Renji".