Kongregasi untuk Evangelisasi Bangsa-Bangsa: Perbedaan antara revisi

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Bot: Perubahan kosmetika
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k (Bot: Perubahan kosmetika)
The Congregation was originally housed in a small palace, the Palazzo Ferratini, donated by Vives, a Spanish priest, at the southern end of the Piazza di Spagna. The architectural complex of the Propoaganda Fide was developed in the triangular urban block between the Via Due Macelli and the Via del Collegio di Propaganda Fide, two streets which diverged from the piazza.
 
In 1634 a small oval chapel was built according to designs by Bernini. In 1642, Father Valerio, with Bernini, redesigned the façade to the Piazza di Spagna, and the development was continued along the Via Due Macelli by [[Gaspare de’Vecchio]] from 1639-1645. <ref> Blunt, A. ''Guide to Baroque Rome'', Granada, 1982, 246</ref>
 
In 1648, Borromini took over and made various proposals that included demolishing Bernini’s chapel which must have been particularly galling for the latter as he could see the building from his house on Via Mercede. <ref> Blunt, 1982, 166</ref> Initially Borromini designed an elongated oval chapel plan but this was superseded by a rectilinear design, with the greater length parallel to the street, and with curved corners on the interior. Construction of the chapel commenced in 1660 and although the main part was built by 1665, some of the decoration was carried out after his death. <ref> Magnuson, T. ''Rome in the Age of Bernini'', Vol 2, 206-7</ref>
 
The Re Magi chapel, dedicated to the [[Three Kings]], has a plan with four side chapels and galleries above. On the interior, the wall and the vault are differentiated horizontally by a [[cornice]] line but there is a vertical continuity of wall and vault which allows for windows at the base of the vault. The wall [[pilaster]]s are continued in the vault as ribs that criss-cross and unite the space, unlike his design at the Oratory of Philip Neri ''[[Oratorio dei Filippini]]'' where the ribs are interrupted by the oval fresco at the centre of the vault. The criss cross arrangement in the Re Magi Chapel is such that an octagon is formed at the centre, embellished with a Dove of the Holy Spirit bathed in golden rays.
 
His first designs for the façade onto the Via di Propaganda Fide had five bays but he expanded this to seven. The façade is dominated by the giant pilasters that originally supported a balustrade above the narrow [[entablature]] but later extensions obliterated the balustrade. The central bay of the façade is a concave curve with angled pies at its edges, perhaps in recognition that this façade would always be seen at an oblique angle because of the narrowness of the street. The central door leads into the courtyard where Borromini intended a curved arcade but this was not built. <ref>Blunt, 1979, 246</ref> Only the left hand side of the façade relates to the chapel and the right to the stair and entrance to the College.
 
Other parts of the College have further minor works by Borromini.