Manuel Noriega: Perbedaan revisi

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Noriega digambarkan dalam permainan video ''[[Call of Duty: Black Ops II]]''.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://time.com/2993611/call-of-duty-dictator |title=This Former Dictator Is Suing the Call of Duty Makers |work=Time|last=Abrams|first=Abby|date=4 Juli 2016|access-date=30 Mei 2016}}</ref> Pada Juli 2014, Noriega mengajukan gugatan terhadap perusahaan ''game'' [[Activision]] karena menggambarkan dirinya dan menggunakan namanya tanpa izin di dalam permainan video tersebut. Noriega, yang mengajukan gugatan ketika sedang berada di penjara, mengklaim bahwa ia digambarkan sebagai "penculik, pembunuh dan musuh negara".<ref name="Gibbons-Neff">{{cite news |url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2014/07/16/former-dictator-manuel-noriega-suing-call-of-duty-makers/ |title=Former dictator Manuel Noriega suing 'Call of Duty' makers |last=Gibbons-Neff |first=Thomas |date=16 Juli 2014 |work=The Washington Post}}</ref> Dalam permainan itu, karakter fiksi Frank Woods mengacu pada Noriega sebagai "Old Pineapple Face", nama panggilan yang awalnya diterapkan pada Presiden Noriega oleh rakyat Panama.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2014/07/17/former-panamanian-dictator-manuel-noriega-sues-over-depiction-in-call-duty-game/ |title=Former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega sues over depiction in 'Call of Duty' game |date=17 Juli 2014 |publisher=Fox News |}}</ref> Pada 28 Oktober 2014, kasus gugatan Noriega terhadap Activision diberhentikan oleh hakim di California.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Linshi|first1=Jack |title=Judge Dismisses Manuel Noriega's Call of Duty Lawsuit|url=http://time.com/3544680/manuel-noriega-call-of-duty-lawsuit-dismissed/|work=Time|date=29 Oktober 2014}}</ref>
 
== Catatan dan referensi ==
=== Catatan kaki ===
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=== Kutipan ===
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=== Daftar pustaka ===
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* {{cite book| publisher = C. Scribner's Sons| isbn = 978-0-684-19375-5| last = Albert| first = Steven| title = The Case against the General: Manuel Noriega and the Politics of American Justice| location = New York| date = 1993|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last1=Cockburn|first1=Alexander|last2=St-Clair|first2=Jeffrey|title=Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs, and the Press|publisher=Verso Books|year=1998|isbn=978-1-85984-258-4|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|publisher=Random House|isbn=978-0-8129-1950-9|last=Dinges|first=John|title=Our Man in Panama|date=1990|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=V08YAAAAYAAJ|location=New York City|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|first=Javier A.|last=Galván|title=Latin American Dictators of the 20th Century: The Lives and Regimes of 15 Rulers|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=kW3P9uf-jRYC|date=December 21, 2012|publisher=McFarland|isbn=978-0-7864-6691-7|location=[[Jefferson, North Carolina]], USA|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|publisher=I.B. Tauris|isbn=978-0-399-13517-0|last=Kempe|first=Frederick|title=Divorcing the Dictator: America's Bungled Affair with Noriega|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OQg__T-knb4C|location=London, UK|year= 1990|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |title = In the Time of the Tyrants: Panama, 1968–1990 |last = Koster |first = R.M. |first2 = Guillermo |last2 = Sánchez |year = 1990 |publisher = Norton |location = New York |isbn = 978-0-393-02696-2|url=https://books.google.co.in/books/about/In_the_Time_of_the_Tyrants.html?id=SzV7AAAAMAAJ|ref=harv }}
* {{cite book| publisher = L. Rienner Publishers| isbn = 978-1555872045| last = Scranton| first = Margaret E.| title = The Noriega Years : U.S.-Panamanian Relations, 1981–1990| location = Boulder, CO| date = 1991|ref=harv}}
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== Bacaan lebih lanjut ==
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* {{cite web |last = Blum |first = William |author-link = William Blum |url = http://www.fpif.org/reports/the_cia_contras_gangs_and_crack |title = The CIA, Contras, Gangs, and Crack |work = Foreign Policy in Focus|date=November 1, 1996}}
{{refend}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{commonscat|Manuel Noriega}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20140105204001/http://generalnoriega.com/ The Official Archives of General Manuel Antonio Noriega]
* [http://www.cidh.oas.org/countryrep/Panama89eng/TOC.htm 1989 Report on the situation of human rights in Panama by Inter-American Commission on Human Rights]
* [http://www.thislife.org/radio-archives/episode/246/My-Pen-Pal ''My Pen Pal''], kisah [[Sarah York]], seorang gadis dari sebuah kota kota kecil di [[Michigan]] yang menjadi [[sahabat pena]] Noriega, sejak 1988.
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