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The Museum's first collections were assembled by the Manchester Society of Natural History formed in 1821 with the purchase of the collection of [[John Leigh Philips]].<ref name="MMHist">The History of the Manchester Museum, University of Manchester [http://www.museum.manchester.ac.uk/aboutus/history/], accessed 25 November 2007</ref> In 1850 the collections of the Manchester Geological Society were added. By the 1860s both societies encountered financial difficulties and, on the advice of the evolutionary biologist [[Thomas Huxley]], [[Owens College]] (now the University of Manchester) accepted responsibility for the collections in 1867. The museum in Peter Street was sold in 1875 after Owens College moved to new buildings in Oxford Street.<ref>Thompson, Joseph (1886) ''The Owens College: its Foundation and Growth''. Manchester: J. E. Cornish; pp.&nbsp;282–86</ref>
[[Berkas:Manchester Museum by Nick Higham.jpg|thumbnailjmpl|Bekas pintu masuk utama Manchester Museum.]]
<!--The college commissioned [[Alfred Waterhouse]], architect of London's [[Natural History Museum, London|Natural History Museum]], to design a museum to house the collections for the benefit of students and the public on a site in Oxford Road (then Oxford Street). The Manchester Museum was opened to the public in 1888. At the time, the scientific departments of the college were immediately adjacent, and students entered the galleries from their teaching rooms in the Beyer Building.<ref name="MMHist" /><ref>Charlton, H. B. (1951) ''Portrait of a University''. Manchester: U. P.; chap. V</ref>
Ancient Worlds opened in October 2012 and transformed the main galleries of the 1912 building. Discovering Archaeology explores how people make sense of the past using objects and includes exhibits on facial reconstruction and some of the characters who were involved in the development of archaeology and the museum, including [[William Flinders Petrie]] and [[William Boyd Dawkins]]. Egyptian Worlds, takes visitors on a journey through the landscape, customs and practices of the Ancient Egyptians. Exploring Objects, reveals the archaeology collections through '[[visible storage]]' with a difference. The gallery incorporates a [[haptic]] interactive.
[[Berkas:Stan the Trex at Manchester Museum.jpg|rightka|thumbjmpl|250px|''Stan'', sebuah cetakan reproduksi fosil ''[[Tyrannosaurus rex]]'' yang diperoleh museum ini pada tahun 2004.]]
<!--In June 2013 [[Time-lapse photography|time-lapse]] footage showing a 10 inch Egyptian statue in the museum's collection, apparently spinning around unaided, attracted worldwide media attention.<ref>{{Cite news|author=Sasha Goldstein|url=http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/egyptian-statue-moves-amazing-video-article-1.1380450#commentpostform|publisher=''[[Daily News (New York)|Daily News]]''|title=Ancient Egyptian statue at Manchester Museum moves on its own, stumped curator says|date=2013-06-23|accessdate=2013-06-25|location=New York}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|author=Dan Kedmey|url=http://newsfeed.time.com/2013/06/25/watch-spinning-statue-at-manchester-museum-mystifies-staff/|publisher=''[[Time (magazine)|Time]]''|title=WATCH: Spinning Statue at Manchester Museum Mystifies Staff|date=2013-06-25|accessdate=2013-06-25|location=New York}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|author=|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-23030009|publisher=[[BBC News]]|title=Manchester Museum's moving Egyptian statue puzzler|date=2013-06-24|accessdate=2013-06-25|location=London}}</ref> Various theories were put forward, with the university's Professor [[Brian Cox (physicist)|Brian Cox]] suggesting "differential friction" between the glass shelf and the object, possibly caused by vibrations made by visitors, caused the object to move.<ref name="Telegraph">{{Cite news|author=|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newsvideo/weirdnewsvideo/10137556/Mystery-as-museum-statue-starts-turning-in-display-case.html|publisher=''[[The Daily Telegraph]]''|title=Mystery as museum statue starts turning in display case|date=2013-06-23|accessdate=2013-06-25|location=London}}</ref> The museum's Egyptologist Campbell Price, said "it has been on those surfaces since we have had it and it has never moved before. And why would it go around in a perfect circle?".<ref name="Telegraph"/> The ''[[Manchester Evening News]]'' reported that the incident "sent visitor numbers soaring at the Manchester Museum",<ref name="MEN">{{Cite news|author=Richard Wheatstone|url=http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/moving-statue-sets-turnstiles-spinning-4710126|publisher=''[[Manchester Evening News]]''|title='Moving statue' sets the turnstiles spinning as visitors flock to Manchester Museum|date=2013-06-25|accessdate=2013-06-25|location=Manchester}}</ref> and Tim Manley, head of marketing and communications, commented that "There's been a definite spike in visitors".<ref name="MEN"/>
=== Arkeologi ===
[[Berkas:Pepi II Koptos 2.jpg|rightka|200px|thumbjmpl|Pahatan [[Pepi II]] dari kuil [[Menes]] dan [[Isis]] di [[Qift]], bagian dari koleksi Egyptological museum Manchester.]]
Area pengumpulan koleksi utama dalam arkeologi adalah Eropa Barat, [[Laut Tengah]], [[Mesir]] dan [[Asia]] Barat.<!-- Large accessions of material from Egypt and Western Asia came from the excavations of Sir [[Flinders Petrie]] and subsequently archaeologists from the university have been involved in expeditions to Western Asia and brought more finds. The Egyptological collections include finds from [[Kahun]] and [[Gurob]], presented in 1890 by [[Jesse Haworth]] and [[Martyn Kennard]]. By 1912 the growth of this area had been so great that a new wing was added for the Egyptian material to which Jesse Haworth made a major donation of funds. The Egyptian Mummy Research Project, begun in 1973, has yielded much information on health and social conditions in ancient Egypt and radiology and endoscopy have been used extensively. A redesign of the galleries in 1984/85 resulted in improved displays.<ref>''The Manchester Museum'' (1985)</ref> The archaeology collections were redisplayed in 2011 in the Ancient Worlds galleries. A [[bog body]], [[Chat Moss#Worsley Man|Worsley Man]], is also in the care of the museum.<ref>{{citation |last=Pain |first=Stephanie |title=The Head from Worsley Moss |journal=New Scientist |issue=2414 |date=23 September 2003 |issn=0262-4079}}</ref> [[Lindow Man]], another bog body had previously been displayed.--><ref>{{citation |url=http://www.britarch.ac.uk/awards/ |title=British Archaeological Awards |publisher=[[Council for British Archaeology]] |date=19 July 2010 |accessdate=2014-02-07}}</ref>