Masyarakat komunis: Perbedaan revisi

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{{about|tahap hipotetikal pengembangan sosioekonomi|sistem ekonomi negara-[[negara Komunis]] bekas Soviet dan blok Timur|perencanaan ekonomi jenis Soviet}}
{{Marxisme|expanded=Konsep}}
Dalam pemikiran [[Marxis]], '''masyarakat komunis''' atau '''sistem komunis''' adalah jenis [[masyarakat]] dan [[sistem ekonomi]] yang bergerak menuju kedaruratan dari kemajuan teknologi dalam [[pasukan produktif]], mewakili tujuan utama ideologi politik [[Komunisme]]. Masyarakat komunis dikarakteristikandengan olehciri khas [[kepemilikan umumbersama]] dari alat-[[alat produksi]] dengan [[akses bebas]]<ref>{{cite book |last= Steele|first= David Ramsay |title= From Marx to Mises: Post Capitalist Society and the Challenge of Economic Calculation |publisher= Open Court|date=September 1999|isbn= 978-0875484495|page = 66|quote= Marx distinguishes between two phases of marketless communism: an initial phase, with labor vouchers, and a higher phase, with free access.}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last= Busky|first= Donald F.|title= Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey|publisher= Praeger|date=July 20, 2000|isbn= 978-0275968861|page = 4|quote=Communism would mean free distribution of goods and services. The communist slogan, 'From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs' (as opposed to 'work') would then rule}}</ref> menuju artikel-[[artikel konsumsi]] dan [[masyarakat tak berkelas|tak berkelas]] dan [[masyarakat tak bernegara|tak bernegara]],<ref>{{cite book |last= O'Hara|first= Phillip |title= Encyclopedia of Political Economy, Volume 2 |publisher= Routledge|date=September 2003|isbn= 0-415-24187-1|pages = 836|quote=it influenced Marx to champion the ideas of a 'free association of producers' and of self-management replacing the centralized state.}}</ref> yang mengimplikasikan akhir [[eksploitasi buruh]].
 
Dalam pemikiran [[Marxis]], '''masyarakat komunis''' atau '''sistem komunis''' adalah jenis [[masyarakat]] dan [[sistem ekonomi]] yang bergerak menuju kedaruratan dari kemajuan teknologi dalam [[pasukan produktif]], mewakili tujuan utama ideologi politik [[Komunisme]]. Masyarakat komunis dikarakteristikan oleh [[kepemilikan umum]] dari alat-[[alat produksi]] dengan [[akses bebas]]<ref>{{cite book |last= Steele|first= David Ramsay |title= From Marx to Mises: Post Capitalist Society and the Challenge of Economic Calculation |publisher= Open Court|date=September 1999|isbn= 978-0875484495|page = 66|quote= Marx distinguishes between two phases of marketless communism: an initial phase, with labor vouchers, and a higher phase, with free access.}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last= Busky|first= Donald F.|title= Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey|publisher= Praeger|date=July 20, 2000|isbn= 978-0275968861|page = 4|quote=Communism would mean free distribution of goods and services. The communist slogan, 'From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs' (as opposed to 'work') would then rule}}</ref> menuju artikel-[[artikel konsumsi]] dan [[masyarakat tak berkelas|tak berkelas]] dan [[masyarakat tak bernegara|tak bernegara]],<ref>{{cite book |last= O'Hara|first= Phillip |title= Encyclopedia of Political Economy, Volume 2 |publisher= Routledge|date=September 2003|isbn= 0-415-24187-1|pages = 836|quote=it influenced Marx to champion the ideas of a 'free association of producers' and of self-management replacing the centralized state.}}</ref> yang mengimplikasikan akhir [[eksploitasi buruh]].
 
Istilah "masyarakat komunis" berbeda dari konsep Barat "[[negara komunis]]", yang merujuk kepada sebuah negara yang diperintah oleh sebuah partai yang memegang sebuah ragam dari [[Marxisme–Leninisme]].<ref>{{cite book |last= Busky|first= Donald F.|title= Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey|publisher= Praeger|date=July 20, 2000|isbn= 978-0275968861|page = 9|quote=In a modern sense of the word, communism refers to the ideology of Marxism-Leninism.}}</ref><ref name="The Economics of Socialism after World War Two: 1945-1990">{{cite book |last= Wilczynski|first= J. |title= The Economics of Socialism after World War Two: 1945-1990 |publisher= Aldine Transaction|date= 2008|isbn= 978-0202362281|pages = 21|quote=Contrary to Western usage, these countries describe themselves as ‘Socialist’ (not ‘Communist’). The second stage (Marx’s ‘higher phase’), or ‘Communism’ is to be marked by an age of plenty, distribution according to needs (not work), the absence of money and the market mechanism, the disappearance of the last vestiges of capitalism and the ultimate ‘whithering away of the state.}}</ref>
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