Gambar dari Edessa: Perbedaan revisi

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[[FileBerkas:Abgarwithimageofedessa10thcentury.jpg|thumb|right|Menurut legenda, Raja [[:en:Abgar V of Edessa|Abgar]] menerima "Gambar dari Edessa", yang memuat gambar wajah [[Yesus]].]]
'''Gambar dari Edessa''' ({{lang-en|Image of Edessa}}) menurut tradisi [[Kristen]] adalah [[relikwi]] kudus yang berupa kain berbentuk bujursangkar atau persegi panjang yang secara ajaib memuat cetakan wajah [[Yesus]]. Merupakan "ikon" ("gambar") pertama. Dalam [[gereja Ortodoks Timur]] dan juga dalam bahasa Inggris, gambar ini dikenal sebagai "''Mandylion''".
 
For support, he refers to documents in the [[Vatican Library]] and the [[University of Leiden]], Netherlands, which seem to suggest the presence of another image at Edessa. A 10th-century codex, ''Codex Vossianus Latinus'' Q 69<ref>From the library of [[Gerhard Johann Vossius]].</ref> found by Gino Zaninotto in the [[Vatican Library]] contains an 8th-century account saying that an imprint of Christ's whole body was left on a canvas kept in a church in Edessa: it quotes a man called Smera in Constantinople: "King Abgar received a cloth on which one can see not only a face but the whole body" (in [[Latin]]: ''[non tantum] faciei figuram sed totius corporis figuram cernere poteris'').<ref>''Codex Vossianus Latinus'', Q69, and Vatican Library, Codex 5696, fol.35, which was published in Pietro Savio, ''Ricerche storiche sulla Santa Sindone'' Turin 1957.</ref>
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== Gambar yang terlestarikan ==
Ada dua gambar yang terlestarikan sampai sekarang yang dikaitkan dengan "Mandylion".
 
=== Wajah Kudus di Genoa ===
 
Gambar ini disimpan di [[:en:Church of St Bartholomew of The Armenians, Genoa|Gereja St Bartholomew of The Armenians]] di kota [[Genoa]], [[Italia]]. Pada abad ke-14 gambar ini disumbangkan kepada [[:en:doge of Genoa|''doge'' Genoa]], Leonardo Montaldo, oleh Kaisar [[Bizantin]], [[John V Palaeologus]].
Kemiripan gambar ini dengan [[Cadar Veronika]] mengindikasikan adanya kaitan antara dua tradisi ini.
 
=== Wajah Kudus di San Silvestro ===
 
Gambar ini asalnya disimpan di gereja [[:en:San Silvestro in Capite|San Silvestro in Capite]] di [[Roma]], yang melekat pada suatu konven [[Poor Clares]], sampai tahun 1870 dan sekarang disimpan di "Matilda chapel" di dalam istana [[Vatikan]]. Diletakkan dalam suatu kerangka Baroque oleh Sister Dionora Chiarucci, kepala konven itu, pada tahun 1623.<ref>{{Harvnb|Wilson|1991|p=193}}</ref> <!--The earliest evidence of its existence is 1517, when the nuns were forbidden to exhibit it to avoid competition with the Veronica. Like the Genoa image, it is painted on board and therefore is likely to be a copy. It was exhibited at Germany’s Expo 2000 in the pavilion of the Holy See.
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<gallery class="center" heights=200px widths=150px>
Image:Sainte Face - Genes.jpg|Wajah Kudus di [[Genoa]] dengan gambar wajah lebih jelas.
Image:39bMandylion.jpg|Wajah Kudus di San Silvestro ("Matilda chapel" dalam istana [[Vatikan]]).
</gallery>
 
== Lihat pula ==
* [[Acheiropoieta]]: gambar kudus Kristen yang "tidak dibuat oleh tangan manusia"
* [[:en:Ancha icon|Keramidion]]: ikon yang dianggap tercipta karena bersentuhan dengan Gambar dari Edessa
* [[Sudarium dari Oviedo]]
 
== Referensi ==
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{{Reflist}}
 
== Pustaka ==
* {{citation|title=Il "Sacro Volto" di Genova|first=Colette|last= Dufour Bozzo|year=1974|publisher=Ist. Nazionale di Archeologia|language=Italian|isbn= 88-7275-074-1}}
* Eusebius of Caesarea. [http://www.comparative-religion.com/christianity/apocrypha/new-testament-apocrypha/1/1.php ''Epistle of Jesus Christ to Abgarus King of Edessa''] ''Historia Ecclesiae''
* Eisenman, Robert., 1997. ''James the Brother of Jesus''. (Viking Penguin). In part a deconstruction of the legends surrounding Agbar/Abgar.
* [[Ernst Kitzinger|Kitzinger, Ernst]], "The Cult of Images in the Age before Iconoclasm", ''Dumbarton Oaks Papers'', Vol. 8, (1954), pp.&nbsp;83–150, Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1291064 JSTOR]
* {{citation | last = Wilson | first = Ian | title = Holy Faces, Secret Places | publisher = Doubleday | location = Garden City | year = 1991 | isbn = 0-385-26105-5 }}
* {{citation | last = Westerson | first = Jeri | title = Veil of Lies; A Medieval Noir. (Fiction referencing the Mandyllon.) | publisher = Minotaur Books | location = New York | year = 2008 | isbn = 978-0312580124 }}
| publisher = Brill| location = Leiden | year = 2014 | isbn = 9789004269194 }}
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{Commons category|Mandylion}}
* [http://www.mpg.de/bilderBerichteDokumente/dokumentation/jahrbuch/2005/kunsthistorisches_institut/forschungsSchwerpunkt1/Web.jpeg Image: Mandylion of Genoa]
* [http://www.urfa.org/urfa/ Old and new Images from Edessa]
* [http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/goudenhoorn/61andrew.html Andrew Palmer's essay on Edessa in ''Golden Horn: a Journal of Byzantium''] summer, 1998
* [http://www.icon-art.info/topic.php?lng=en&top_id=122 Icons of the Mandylion (mostly Russian)]
* [http://www.shroudofturin4journalists.com/history.htm Is the Shroud of Turin the Image of Edessa?]
* [http://www.shroud.com/pdfs/guscin3.pdf Eyewitness report: The sermon of Gregory Referendarius in 944]
* [http://www.shroudstory.com/scavone/scavone.doc Documentary proofs, make out a list of sixteen documents in the period 944 to 1247]
* [http://www.cirac.org/Mandylion.pdf The Templar Mandylion: Relations of a Breton Calvary with the Turin Shroud and the Templar Knights]. Excerpt of an electronic publication.
* [http://www.cirac.org/infos-uk/shroud.htm Shroud of Turin and the Mandylion - Full Story] (François Gazay)
 
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