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+Bibliografi
 
Sebuah jaringan syaraf adalah sebuah sistem yang dibentuk dari sejumlah elemen pemroses sederhana yang bekerja secara paralel dimana fungsinya ditentukan oleh stuktur jaringan, kekuatan hubungan, dan pegolahan dilakukan pada komputasi elemen atau nodes
 
==Bibliografi==
<div class="references-small">
*{{cite book | author=Bar-Yam, Yaneer | title = [http://necsi.org/publications/dcs/Bar-YamChap2.pdf Dynamics of Complex Systems, Chapter 2] | year = 2003 |}}
 
*{{cite book | author=Bar-Yam, Yaneer | title = [http://necsi.org/publications/dcs/Bar-YamChap3.pdf Dynamics of Complex Systems, Chapter 3] | year = 2003 |}}
 
*{{cite book | author=Bar-Yam, Yaneer | title = [http://necsi.org/publications/mtw/ Making Things Work] | year = 2005 |}} Please see Chapter 3
 
* Bhagat, P.M. (2005) ''Pattern Recognition in Industry'', Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044538-1
 
* Bishop, C.M. (1995) ''Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition'', Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-853849-9 (hardback) or ISBN 0-19-853864-2 (paperback)
 
* Duda, R.O., Hart, P.E., Stork, D.G. (2001) ''Pattern classification (2nd edition)'', Wiley, ISBN 0-471-05669-3
 
* Gurney, K. (1997) ''An Introduction to Neural Networks'' London: Routledge. ISBN 1-85728-673-1 (hardback) or ISBN 1-85728-503-4 (paperback)
 
* Haykin, S. (1999) '' Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation'', Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-273350-1
 
* Fahlman, S, Lebiere, C (1991). ''The Cascade-Correlation Learning Architecture'', created for [[National Science Foundation]], Contract Number EET-8716324, and [[Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency]] (DOD), ARPA Order No. 4976 under Contract F33615-87-C-1499. [http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~honavar/fahlman.pdf electronic version]
 
* Hertz, J., Palmer, R.G., Krogh. A.S. (1990) ''Introduction to the theory of neural computation'', Perseus Books. ISBN 0-201-51560-1
 
* Lawrence, Jeanette (1994) ''Introduction to Neural Networks'', California Scientific Software Press. ISBN 1-883157-00-5
 
* Masters, Timothy (1994) ''Signal and Image Processing with Neural Networks'', John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-04963-8
 
* Ness, Erik. 2005. [http://www.conbio.org/cip/article61WEB.cfm SPIDA-Web]. ''Conservation in Practice'' 6(1):35-36. On the use of artificial neural networks in species taxonomy.
 
* [[Brian D. Ripley|Ripley, Brian D]]. (1996) ''Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks'', Cambridge
 
* Smith, Murray (1993) ''Neural Networks for Statistical Modeling'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, ISBN 0-442-01310-8
 
* Wasserman, Philip (1993) ''Advanced Methods in Neural Computing'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, ISBN 0-442-00461-3
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