Hu Shih[1][2][3][4] (Hanzi: ; Pinyin: Hú Shì; Wade–Giles: Hu2 Shih4; lahir 17 Desember 1891 – meninggal 24 Februari 1962 pada umur 70 tahun), juga dikenal sebagai Hu Suh dalam rujukan-rujukan awal,[5][6] adalah seorang filsuf, esayis dan diplomat asal Tiongkok. Hu banyak dikenal saat ini sebagai kontributor utama untuk liberalisme dan reformasi bahasa Tionghoa dalam dukungannya terhadap pemakaian penulisan Tionghoa. Ia mempengaruhi Gerakan Empat Mei, salah satu pemimpin Gerakan Budaya Baru Tiongkok, presiden Universitas Peking dan dinominasikan untuk Nobel kesusastraan pada 1939.[7]

Hu Shih
胡適
Hu Shih 1960 color.jpg
Duta Besar Tiongkok untuk Amerika Serikat
Masa jabatan
29 Oktober 1938 – 1 September 1942
PendahuluWang Zhengting
PenggantiWei Tao-ming
Informasi pribadi
Lahir(1891-12-17)17 Desember 1891
Kabupaten Chuansha, Provinsi Jiangsu, Kekaisaran Qing
Meninggal dunia24 Februari 1962(1962-02-24) (umur 70)
Kabupaten Taipei, Taiwan
Alma materCornell University
Teachers College, Columbia University
Hu Shih
AliranPragmatisme, eksperimentalisme
Minat utamaLiberalisme, redologi, filsafat pendidikan
Pekerjaanfilsuf, esayis, cendekiawan, diplomat, reformer
Tanda tangan
Hu Shih
Hanzi tradisional: 胡適
Hanzi sederhana: 胡适

ReferensiSunting

KutipanSunting

  1. ^ "His diplomatic passport from when he was the ROC diplomat to the United States during WWII". 31 May 2018. Diakses tanggal 26 June 2019. MR. HU Shih, Advisor of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China. 
  2. ^ "Abmac Bulletin". August 1940. hlm. 4. Dr. Hu Shih, Chinese Ambassador to the United States, Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia,{... }
  3. ^ "Department of State bulletin". 10 June 1944. hlm. 537. The representative of the National University of Peking is Dr. Chen-sheng Yang, who has been acting dean of the College of Arts and Literature in the absence of Dr. Hu Shih.1{...}1Chinese Ambassador to the United States, 1938-42. 
  4. ^ "Introduction". Diakses tanggal 27 June 2019. The Hu Shih Memorial Hall located on the Nankang campus was the residence where Dr. Hu Shih (1891-1962) lived from 1958 to 1962, during his tenure as the president of Academia Sinica. It consists of three parts: (1) Dr. Hu Shih’s residence; (2) the exhibition room, including Dr. Hu Shih’s works, photos, and etc; (3) Dr. Hu Shih’s graveyard near the Academia Sinica campus. 
  5. ^ H. G. W. Woodhead (ed.). The China Year Book 1921-2. Tientsin Press, Ltd. hlm. 905. HU SHIH, (Hu Suh).-(胡適)-Anhui. Born Dec. 17, 1891.{... }
  6. ^ The Youth Movement In China. 1927. hlm. xii. I am also indebted to many friends in China, especially to Dr. Hu Suh of the National University of Peking{...} 
  7. ^ "Nomination Database – Literature". Nobelprize.org. Diakses tanggal 2012-02-03. 

SumberSunting

  • "Hu Shih". Living Philosophies. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. 1931. 
  • Lǐ [李], Áo [敖] (1964). 胡適評傳. 文星叢刊. 50. Taipei: 文星書店. 
  • Yang, Ch'eng-pin (c. 1986). The political thoughts of Dr. Hu Shih (dalam bahasa Inggris). Taipei, Taiwan: Bookman Books. 
  • Chou, Min-chih (c. 1984). Hu Shih and intellectual choice in modern China. Michigan studies on China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-10039-4. 
  • Hu, Shih (c. 1934). The Chinese renaissance : the Haskell lectures, 1933 . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  (see online Resource listed below)
  • Hu, Shih (2016). 四十自述(汉英对照)Autobiography at Forty. 博雅双语名家名作系列. Diterjemahkan oleh George Kao 乔志高 (edisi ke-Chinese-English bilingual). 北京 Beijing: 外语教学与研究出版社 Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. hlm. 184. ISBN 978-7-5135-7429-7. 
  • Grieder, Jerome B. (1970). Hu Shih and the Chinese renaissance: liberalism in the Chinese revolution, 1917–1937 . Cambridge [US]: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-41250-8.  Series : Harvard East Asian series 46.
  • Cheng, Pei-Kai; Lestz, Michael (1999). The Search for Modern China: A Documentary Collection. New York and London: W.W. Norton and Company. hlm. 373. ISBN 0393973727. 
  • de Bary, W.M Theodore; Richard Lufrano (2000). Sources of Chinese Tradition, Volume Two (edisi ke-2nd). New York Chichester, West Sussex: Columbia University Press. hlm. 636. 

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