Hassan Taqizadeh

Sayyed Hasan[1] Taqizādeh[2] (bahasa Persia: سید حسن تقی‌زاده; lahir di Tabriz, Iran, 27 September 1878 – meninggal di Tehran, Iran, 28 Januari 1970 pada umur 91 tahun)[3] adalah seorang politikus dan diplomat berpengaruh asal Iran,[4] berdarah Azeri,[5] pada masa dinasti Qajar di bawah pemerintahan Mohammad Ali Shah, serta dinasti Pahlavi di bawah pemerintahan Reza Shah[6] dan Mohammad Reza Shah. Taqizadeh juga merupakan cendekiawan menonjol. Kajiannya terhadap kalender Iran masih menjadi karya rujukan sampai saat ini.

Sayyed Hassan Taghizadeh
Hassan Taqizadeh 2.jpg
Presiden Senat Iran
Masa jabatan
1 Maret 1957 – 1 September 1960
Penguasa monarkiMohammad Reza Pahlavi
PendahuluEbrahim Hakimi
PenggantiMohsen Sadr
Menteri Urusan Luar Negeri
Masa jabatan
11 Juni 1926 – 16 September 1926
Perdana MenteriHassan Mostowfi
PendahuluMohammad Ali Foroughi
PenggantiAli-Gholi Masoud Ansari
Duta Besar Iran untuk Britania Raya
Masa jabatan
1941–1947
Perdana MenteriMohammad Ali Foroughi
Ali Soheili
Ahmad Qavam
Mohammad Sa'ed
Morteza-Qoli Bayat
Ebrahim Hakimi
PendahuluAli Soheili
PenggantiMohsen Rais
Masa jabatan
1929–1930
Perdana MenteriMehdi Qoli Hedayat
PendahuluHovhannes Masehyan
PenggantiHossein Ala'
Duta Besar Iran untuk Prancis
Masa jabatan
1933–1935
Perdana MenteriMohammad Ali Foroughi
PendahuluHossein Ala'
PenggantiAbolqasem Najm
Anggota Senat
Masa jabatan
25 Januari 1950 – 11 September 1967
Daerah pemilihanTabriz
Anggota Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat
Masa jabatan
17 Juli 1947 – 25 Januari 1950
Daerah pemilihanTabriz
Masa jabatan
17 Oktober 1906 – 1920
Daerah pemilihanTabriz
Informasi pribadi
Lahir27 September 1878
Tabriz, Iran
Meninggal dunia[[{{{3}}} Parameter salah (harus 1 — 12)]] [[28 Januari 1970 ]] (umur Kesalahan ekspresi: Kata "januari" tidak dikenal.) (aged Kesalahan ekspresi: Operator < tak terduga)
Tehran, Iran
MakamPemakaman Zahir-od-dowleh
Partai politikPartai Demokrat
Partai Kebangkitan
PasanganAtieh Taqizadeh
Alma materNajaf Hawzah
American Memorial School in Tabriz

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Hassan adalah ragam dan pengucapan umum Hasan.
  2. ^ Taghizādeh adalah pengucapan alternatif dari Taqizādeh.
  3. ^ The original version of this text was extracted from the Master Thesis by Sepehr H. Joussefi (see References and External Links); some editorial changes had been unavoidable. In its present form, this text as yet almost entirely relies on the text by Joussefi.
  4. ^ Taqizadeh is also considered an eminent scholar in the field of Iranian Studies. In 1965 the celebrated Iranist M. J. Dresden wrote:

    "Though "throughout his life matters of state and government have been his preoccupation", S. H. Taqizadeh, who was born in 1878, has applied his vast knowledge and sure imagination to the study of classical Persian literature, the chronology of Iran, Zoroastrianism and Manicheism. His contributions on these subjects which are listed in a brief bibliography (A locust's leg, pp. 19-20) are of permanent value and they will remain indispensable to future students. Taqizadeh's career, a rare combination of statesman and scholar, is reminiscent of such French politicians and scholarly authors as his contemporaries Léon Blum and Édouard Herriot who were also uncommonly successful in integrating a political career and public life with a scholarly avocation."

  5. ^ Iran and Its Place Among Nations, by Alidad Mafinezam, Aria Mehrabi, 2008, p.57
  6. ^ Taqizadeh was one of the four Deputies who voted no on the question of the change of the Qajar dynasty to the Pahlavi dynasty in October 1925; the other three were Sayyed Hasan Modarres, the left nationalist Yahya Doulatabadi, and Mohammed Mosaddeq. A constituent assembly endorsed the dynastic change in December, only three Socialist Deputies abstaining. (Nikki R. Keddie, p. 86).

ReferensiSunting

  • Sepehr H. Joussefi, Seyyed Hasan Taqizadeh: a Political Biography in the Context of Iranian Modernization, Master Thesis (University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1998). [1]
  • Nikki R. Keddie, with a section by Yann Richard, Modern Iran: Roots and results of revolution, revised and updated edition (Yale University Press, New Haven, 2003). ISBN 0-300-09856-1
  • A locust's leg. Studies in honour of S. H. Taqizadeh, pp. vii and 250 (Percy Lund, Humphries & Co., Ltd., London, 1962). For a review of this work see: M. J. Dresden, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 85, No. 2, pp. 260–262 (1965). [2]

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Ahmad Kasravi, Tarikh-e Mashruteh-ye Iran (تاریخ مشروطهٔ ایران) (History of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution), in Persian, 951 p. (Negāh Publications, Tehran, 2003), ISBN 964-351-138-3. Note: This book is also available in two volumes, published by Amir Kabir Publications in 1984. Amir Kabir's 1961 edition is in one volume, 934 pages.
  • Ahmad Kasravi, History of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution: Tarikh-e Mashrute-ye Iran, Volume I, translated into English by Evan Siegel, 347 p. (Mazda Publications, Costa Mesa, California, 2006). ISBN 1-56859-197-7
  • Mehdi Malekzādeh, Tārikh-e Enqelāb-e Mashrutyyat-e Iran (تاريخ انقلاب مشروطيت ايران) (The History of the Constitutional Revolution of Iran), in 7 volumes, published in 3 volumes, 1697 p. (Sokhan Publications, Tehran, 2004 – 1383 AH). ISBN 964-372-095-0
    Note: Mehdi Malekzādeh is son of the Constitutional revolutionary Mirzā Nasr'ollah Beheshti, best known as Malek al-Motakallemin (King of Orators).(For the time being consult the biography of Mirza Jahangir Khan.)
  • Mangol Bayat, Iran’s First Revolution: Shi’ism and the Constitutional Revolution of 1905–1909, Studies in Middle Eastern History, 336 p. (Oxford University Press, 1991). ISBN 0-19-506822-X
  • John Foran, The Strengths and Weaknesses of Iran’s Populist Alliance: A Class Analysis of the Constitutional Revolution of 1905 - 1911, Theory and Society, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 795–823 (December 1991). JSTOR

Buku karya TaqizadehSunting

Pranala luarSunting

  • Sepehr H. Joussefi, Seyyed Hasan Taqizadeh: a Political Biography in the Context of Iranian Modernization, Master Thesis (University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1988). [3]
  • S. H. Taqizadeh, Old Iranian Calendars (Printed and published under the patronage of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1938). [4]
  • A short biography of S. H. Taqizadeh in Persian. [5]
  • Images of Revolution. The Constitutionalist Revolution: 1906-1909. [6]