Gunung Kailash

gunung di Tiongkok

Gunung Kailash (juga Kailasa; Kangrinboqê atau Gang Rinpoche; Tibet: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ; Hanzi sederhana: 冈仁波齐峰; Hanzi tradisional: 岡仁波齊峰; bahasa Sanskerta: कैलास, IAST: Kailāsa), adalah sebuah puncak setinggi 6.638 m (21.778 ft) di Pegunungan Kailash (Pegunungan Gangdisê), yang membentuk bagian dari Transhimalaya di Prefektur Ngari, Wilayah Otonomi Tibet, Tiongkok.

Mount Kailash
གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ
Kailash-Barkha.jpg
Gunung Kailash dari selatan
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian6.638 m (21.778 ft)
Puncak1.319 m (4.327 ft)
Koordinat31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250Koordinat: 31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250
Geografi
NegaraTiongkok
PegununganPegunungan Gangdisê
Pendakian
Pendakian pertamaUnclimbed

Gunung tersebut berada di dekat Danau Manasarovar dan Danau Rakshastal, dekat dengan muara beberapa sungai Asia terpanjang: Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, dan Karnali yang juga dikenal sebagai Ghaghara (sebuah anak sungai Gangga) di India. Gunung Kailash dianggap suci dalam empat agama: Hindu, Bon, Buddha, dan Jain.

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Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Albinia, Alice. (2008) Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River. First American Edition (2010) W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 978-0-393-33860-7.
  • Nomachi, Kazuyoshi. Tibet. Boston: Shambhala, 1997.
  • Thurman, Robert and Tad Wise, Circling the Sacred Mountain: A Spiritual Adventure Through the Himalayas. New York: Bantam, 1999. ISBN 0-553-37850-3 — Tells the story of a Western Buddhist making the trek around Mount Kailash.
  • Snelling, John. (1990). The Sacred Mountain: The Complete Guide to Tibet's Mount Kailas. 1st edition 1983. Revised and enlarged edition, including: Kailas-Manasarovar Travellers' Guide. Forwards by H.H. the Dalai Lama of Tibet and Christmas Humphreys. East-West Publications, London and The Hague. ISBN 0-85692-173-4.
  • (Elevation) Chinese Snow Map "Kangrinboqe", published by the Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Allen, Charles (1982) A Mountain in Tibet: The Search for Mount Kailas and the Sources of the Great Rivers of Asia. (London, André Deutsch).
  • Allen, Charles. (1999). The Search for Shangri-La: A Journey into Tibetan History. Little, Brown and Company. Reprint: Abacus, London. 2000. ISBN 0-349-11142-1.
  • "A Tibetan Guide for Pilgrimage to Ti-se (Mount Kailas) and mTsho Ma-pham (Lake Manasarovar)." Toni Huber and Tsepak Rigzin. In: Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture: A Collection of Essays. (1999) Edited by Toni Huber, pp. 125–153. The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamsala, H.P., India. ISBN 81-86470-22-0.
  • Stein, R. A. (1961). Les tribus anciennes des marches Sino-Tibétaines: légendes, classifications et histoire. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris. (In French)
  • Johnson, Russell, and Moran, Kerry. (1989). The Sacred Mountain of Tibet: On Pilgrimage to Kailas. Park Street Press, Rochester, Vermont. ISBN 0-89281-325-3.
  • Govinda, Lama Anagarika. (1966). The Way of the White Clouds: A Buddhist Pilgrim in Tibet. Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boulder, Colorado. Reprint with foreword by Peter Matthiessen: Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boston, Massachusetts. 1988. ISBN 0-87773-007-5
  • Thubron, Colin. (2011). "To a Mountain in Tibet." Chatto & Windus, London. ISBN 978-0-7011-8380-6

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