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Empat putra Horus (dari kiri): Imsety, Duamutef, Hapi, Qebehsenuef.

Empat putra Horus adalah sekelompok empat dewa dalam agama Mesir, yang secara khusus menjadi personifikasi dari empat guci kanopik, yang menyertai jasad-jasad yang dimumifikasi.[1] Karena jantung dianggap meragakan jiwa, organ tersebut ditinggalkan di dalam jasad.[2]

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Aufderheide, p. 258
  2. ^ Germer, p. 462

ReferensiSunting

  • Aufderheide, Arthur C. (2003). The Scientific Study of Mummies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81826-5. 
  • Assmann, Jan (2005). Death and Salvation in Ancient Egypt. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-4241-9. 
  • British Museum (1855). Synopsis of the Contents of the British Museum. London: R. & A. Taylor. OCLC 182918120. 
  • Budge, Sir Edward Wallis (2010) [1925]. The Mummy; a Handbook of Egyptian Funerary Archaeology. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-01825-8. 
  • Faulkner, Raymond Oliver (2004). The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts. Oxford: Aris and Phillips. ISBN 0-85668-754-5. 
  • Germer, Renate (1998). "Mummification". Dalam Regine Schulz and Matthias Seidel (eds). Egypt – The World of the Pharaohs. Cologne: Könemann. ISBN 3-89508-913-3. 
  • Griffiths, John Gwyn (1961). The Conflict of Horus and Seth from Egyptian and Classical Sources: A Study in Ancient Mythology. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. OCLC 510538. 
  • Hart, George (2005). Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-34495-6. 
  • Kummer, Hans (1995). In Quest of the Sacred Baboon. Chichester: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-04838-X. 
  • Lurker, Manfred (1974). Lexikon der Götter und Symbole der alten Ägypter (dalam bahasa German). Bern: Scherz. OCLC 742376579. 
  • Malkowski, Edward F.; R A Schwaller de Lubicz (2007). The Spiritual Technology of Ancient Egypt : Sacred Science and the Mystery of Consciousness. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions. ISBN 1-59477-186-3. 
  • O'Connor, David (1998). Amenhotep III: Perspectives on His Reign. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-10742-9. 
  • Pinch, Geraldine (2002). Handbook of Egyptian Mythology. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio. ISBN 1-57607-242-8. 
  • Simpson, William Kelly, ed. (1972). The Literature of Ancient Egypt. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-01482-1. 
  • Sellers, Jane B. The Death of Gods in Ancient Egypt. Raleigh N.C.: Lulu Books. ISBN 1-4116-0176-9. 

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  • Faulkner, Raymond Oliver (2000). The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Book of Going Forth by Day. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. OCLC 46998261. 
  • Remler, Pat (2004). Egyptian Mythology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517024-5.