Daftar nama Thomas Stamford Raffles dalam aksara Jawa

Penulisan nama Thomas Stamford Raffles dalam aksara Jawa ada beraneka macam, lebih dari 20 macam.[1][2] Ini disebabkan orang-orang mempunyai interpretasi sendiri-sendiri dengan transliterasinya ketika menulis surat kepada Raffles pada tahun 1816.[1] Hal ini menjadi bahan penelitian oleh para pakar aksara Jawa mengenai bagaimana bakunya transliterasi nama selain nama Jawa (terutama nama Eropa) ke dalam aksara Jawa.

Surat dari[1] Dalam aksara Jawa[1] Pelafalan
Pakubuwana IV (Surakarta) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦼꦱ꧀ /tomas sətamporrət rapləs/
Hamengkubuwana IV (Yogyakarta) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas tanporət raplɛs/
Pangeran Raja Cirebon Kasepuhan (Cirebon) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦼꦱ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦶꦱ꧀ /toməs thamporət raplis/
Sultan Sepuh Cirebon (Cirebon)
Tumenggung Hargawijaya (Cikaso)
Tumenggung Wirgadireja (Kuningan)
Tumenggung Purbadireja (Lingga Jati)
Tumenggung Jayapretiwa (Rajagalu)
Adipati Satyanata (Talaga)
Tumenggung Cakranagara (Panjalu)
Adipati Nitidiningrat (Bangawan Wetan)
Adipati Wiranatakusuma (Bandung) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀​ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦶꦱ꧀ /tommas sətamporət raplis/
Adipati Suryanagara (Sumedang) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀​ꦱꦠꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀​ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sataporrət raplɛs/
Adipati Adiwijaya (Limbangan/Garut) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦠꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀​ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sataporrət raplɛs/
Tumenggung Wiradadaha (Sukapura/Tasikmalaya) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦭꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tommas satamporət laplɛs/
Adipati Mangkunagara (Gerage) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦶꦱ꧀ /tomas thamporət raplis/
Tumenggung Wiradikusuma (Ciamis) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦼꦱ꧀​ꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦶꦱ꧀ /toməs tamporət raplis/
Tumenggung Yudanagara (Gebang) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦱ꧀ /tomas thamporət raplas/
Tumenggung Yogawesjasa (Sendhangkasi) ꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀​ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦶꦱ꧀ /tamporət raplis/
Adipati Singasari Panatayuda (Brebes) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦏꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦏ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tommas səkamporrək rapplɛs/
Adipati Reksanagara (Tegal) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sətamporrət rapplɛs/
Tumenggung Suralaya (Pemalang) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sətamporrət raplɛs/
Tumenggung Prawiradiningrat (Kendal)
Adipati Suraadimanggala (Semarang)
Tumenggung Wiranagara (Purwodadi, Grobogan, Wirasari)
Tumenggung Prawirayuda (Blora)
Tumenggung Purwanegara (Jipang)
Adipati Panji Jayahadingingrat (Probolinggo)
Tumenggung Wiryaadinagara (Pangangsalan) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tommas sətthamporrət rapplɛs/
Tumenggung Suradiningrat (Batang) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠ꧀ꦡꦥ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sətthappor raplɛs/
Adipadi Adinagara (Demak) ꦡꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /thomas səthamporət rapplɛs/
Adipati Jayaningrat (Rembang) ꦏꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦬꦥ꦳꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /komas səthamporət rhafplɛs/
Adipati Yudanagara (Lasem) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sətamporət raplɛs/
Adipati Prawiraadinagara (Bangil)
Tumenggung Mangkudipura (Juwana) ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦼꦱ꧀ /rapləs/
Tumenggung Harya Sasrahadiningrat (Sedayu) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀​ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tommas tamporət raplɛs/
Adipati Harja Adinagara (Lamongan) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀​ꦯꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦤꦿꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tommas shətamporrətn raplɛs/
Adipati Citrasoma (Tuban) ꦡꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦂꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /thommas sətthamporrət rapplɛs/
Adipati Bratanagara (Tandhes) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦦꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas sətamphorət raplɛs/
Adipati Nitidiningrat (Pasuruhan) ꦠꦺꦴꦩ꧀ꦩꦱ꧀ꦱꦼꦠꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦠ꧀ꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦼꦱ꧀ /tommas sətamporət ratpɛləs/
Adipati Suranagara (Banyuwangi) ꦠꦺꦴꦩꦱ꧀ꦡꦩ꧀ꦥꦺꦴꦉꦠ꧀ꦫꦥ꧀ꦭꦺꦱ꧀ /tomas thamporət raplɛs/
Modern ꦛꦺꦴꦩꦼꦱ꧀​ꦱ꧀ꦠꦺꦩ꧀ꦥ꦳ꦼ​ꦉꦢ꧀​ꦫꦺꦥ꦳꧀ꦥ꦳꧀ꦊꦱ꧀ /thoməs stɛmfərəd rɛffləs/

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ a b c d Penulisan Nama Raffles dalam Aksara Jawa pada Masa Lalu (PDF). Kongres Aksara Jawa. Diarsipkan (PDF) dari versi asli tanggal 27 September 2020. 
  2. ^ Raffles Papers. III. 1816. Complimentary addresses from the people of Java to Raffles on his retirement as Lieutenant-Governor in 1816. Contents as follows:-(1) Addresses from residents and public bodies in Batavia, two of which, ff. 3-5 (in both Dutch and English), 6-7b (a copy), are printed in the Java Govt. Gazette Extraordinary of 24 Mar. 1816, while one from Raffles's staff (ff. 9-10b) is partly printed in C. E. Wurtzburg, Raffles of the Eastern Isles, 1954, p. 402; March 1816. ff. 1-10b;- (2) Addresses (ff. 11-12b in both Dutch and English) from inhabitants of the eastern part of the island, bearing the signatures mostly of Europeans but including (ff. 15b, 16) those of three native rulers, followed (ff. 22-24) by a conflated copy of the addresses; circ. April-May 1816. ff. 11-24;-(3) Addresses from native rulers in Javanese and Malay (ff.25r-96r), mostly with seals and one (ff. 28b-29) illuminated; circ. March-May 1816. ff. 25-96, including ff.25r-v: the Susuhunan of Surakarta; ff.26r-27v; the Sultan of Yogyakarta; ff.28v-29r, the Panembahan of Sumenep, in Malay, illuminated; ff.30r-31r, Sultan Sepuh of Cirebon; ff.35r-v, Sultan Anom of Cirebon, in Malay; etc. etc. In all 44 letters, in Javanese and Malay, many with seals, using various scripts, Javanese, Arabic/Jawi and one romanized Malay (ff.36r-v, from the Regent of Cianjur). The Javanese scripts reflect the differing local styles. All dated 1816. (4) English translations of the preceding addresses from native rulers together with one (ff. 97-98) from the Susuhunan the original of which is not included in the present collection, and copies (ff. 99, 108) of two replies from Raffles, followed (ff. 122-125b) by copies of the address at ff. 22-24 (in both Dutch and English) and of related correspondence; March-June 1816. Used as printer's copy, evidently for Addresses, &c, presented to Mr Raffles, on the occasion of his departure from Java, London, 1817. ff. 97-125b.Island of Java: Addresses to Sir Stamford Raffles from native rulers and other residents: 1816.: Engl., Dutch, Javanese and Malay.Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, colonial governor: Correspondence and papers: 1812-1816.: Engl., Dutch, Javanese and Malay.includes: > f. 1 Herman Warner Muntinghe, of the Lieutenant -Governor's Council, Java: Letter to Sir Stamford Raffles: 1816. > f. 3 Johannes Theodorus Ross, Professor of Theology in Java: Address to Sir Stamford Raffles, signed by: 1816.: Engl. and Dutch. > f. 9 Charles Assey, Secretary of the Government of Java: Joint letter to Sir Stamford Raffles, signed by: 1816. > ff. 99-121b Lieutenant Cathcart Methuen, of the Bengal Army; Captain 1818: Translations of Javanese letters: 1816.: Signed.