An Lushan

An Lushan (Hanzi sederhana: 安禄山; Hanzi tradisional: 安祿山; Pinyin: Ān Lùshān; ca. 703[2]– 29 Januari 757[3]) adalah seorang jenderal ya g meluncurkan sebuah pemberontakan melawan dinasti Tang di China.

Anlushan/Roχšan
Kaisar Yan
Kaisar Dinasti Yan
Berkuasa5 Februari 756[1] – 29 Januari 757
Pendahulutidak ada, Kaisar Xuanzong dari Tang
PenerusAn Qingxu
Lahirca. 703[2]
Wafat29 Januari 757(757-01-29) (umur 54)[3]
WangsaYan
Nama lengkap
nama keluarga: Kemungkinan awalnya Kāng (康),
Kemudian Ān (安)
nama pemberian:
Aslinya ܪܘܚܫܐܢ Roχšan, "The Luminous", di Sogdian; atau,
Ālùoshān (阿犖山),
Yàluòshān (軋犖山), atau, kemudian,
Lùshān (祿山), dalam transkripsi Tionghoa.
Shèngwǔ (聖武)
Nama anumerta
Kependekan: Là (剌)
IbuNyonya Ashide
PasanganNyonya Kang
Permaisuri Duan
AnakAn Qingzong
An Qingxu, Kaisar Ai
An Qingzhang
An Qinghe, Pangeran Zheng
An Qing'en
enam putra lainnya

An Lushan berasal dari keturunan Sogdia dan Göktürk,[4][5][6][7][8] setidaknya melalui pengangkatan anak.[9] Ia mengembangkan ketenaran ketika mempertahankan batas utara dari Khitan dan wilayah utara lainnya. Ia menyerang Chang'an, ibu kota Tang, beberapa kali

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ "兩千年中西曆轉換". Sinica.edu.tw. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  2. ^ a b Xu, Daoxun et al. (1993). The Biography of Tang Xuanzong. Beijing: People's Press. ISBN 7-01-001210-5. p. 455-456
  3. ^ a b "兩千年中西曆轉換". Sinica.edu.tw. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  4. ^ Yang, Zhijiu, "An Lushan". Encyclopedia of China (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed.
  5. ^ Lin, Tianwei, "An Lushan". Ensiklopedia Tiongkok (Edisi Biografi), edisi ke-1.
  6. ^ Zhong, Han. Ah Lushan Dengzahu De Neiya Wenhua Beijing" ("The Cultural Background on An Lushan, etc in Inner Asia——With the Discussion on the Inner Asia-ized of Sute or Sogdian"). Journal of Chinese Historical Studies. 2005.1. ISSN 1002-7963. East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-13384-4.
  7. ^ Benn, Charles. 2002. China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-19-517665-0.
  8. ^ "An Lushan (Chinese general)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2011-07-21. Diakses tanggal 2011-08-03. 
  9. ^ Beckwith, 21, n. 82

ReferensiSunting

  • Beckwith, Christopher I. (2009): Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13589-2.
  • Benn, Charles. 2002. China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517665-0.
  • Bo Yang, Bo Yang Edition of the Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 51, 52, 53.
  • Denis Twitchett (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, Volume 3, Sui and T'ang China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1979)
  • Ebrey, Walthall, Palais (2006). East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-13384-4.
  • Lin, Tianwei, "An Lushan". Ensiklopedia Tiongkok (Edisi Biografi), edisi ke-1
  • Liu Xu et al., Kitab Tua Tang, vol. 200, part 1 Diarsipkan 2008-04-19 di Wayback Machine..
  • Ouyang Xiu et al., Kitab Baru Tang, vol. 225, part 1 Diarsipkan 2008-05-28 di Wayback Machine..
  • MATSUI, Hitoshi 松井等 (Jepang). "Qidan boxing shi 契丹勃興史 (Sejarah Kebangkitan Khitan)". Mamden chiri-rekishi kenkyu hokoku 1 (1915).
    Translated into Chinese by Liu, Fengzhu 劉鳳翥. In Minzu Shi Yiwen Ji 民族史譯文集 (A Collection of Translated Papers on Ethnic Histories) 10 (1981). Repr. in: Sun, Jinji et al. 1988 (vol. 1), pp. 93–141.
  • Mu, Weisheng (2000). The Critical Biography of Guo Ziyi. ISBN 7-80628-406-0.
  • Pulleyblank, E. G., The Background of the Rebellion of An Lu-Shan, London: Oxford University Press (1955)
  • Pulleyblank, E. G. "The An Lu-Shan Rebellion and the Origins of Chronic Militarism in Late T'ang China", in Perry & Smith, Essays on T'ang Society, Leiden: E. J. Brill (1976).
  • Sima Guang et al., Zizhi Tongjian, vols. 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219.
  • Schafer, Edward H. The Golden Peaches of Samarkand. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. ISBN 978-0-520-05462-2.
  • Xu, Daoxun et al. (1993). The Biography of Tang Xuanzong. Beijing: People's Press. ISBN 7-01-001210-5.

Templat:Xu Elina-Qian

  • Xue, Zongzheng (1992). A History of Turks. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Press. ISBN 7-5004-0432-8.
  • Yang, Zhijiu, "An Lushan". Encyclopedia of China (Chinese History Edition), 1st ed.
  • Yu, Taishan (2nd Edition 2003). A Comprehensive History of Western Regions. Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou Guji Press. ISBN 7-5348-1266-6.
  • Zhong, Han. Ah Lushan Dengzahu De Neiya Wenhua Beijing" ("The Cultural Background on An Lushan, etc in Inner Asia——With the Discussion on the Inner Asia-ized of Sute or Sogdian"). Journal of Chinese Historical Studies. 2005.1. ISSN 1002-7963.