Alfred Schütz

sosiolog Amerika

Alfred Schütz (bahasa Jerman: [ʃʏts], 1899–1959) adalah seorang filsuf dan fenomenolog sosial Austria, yang karya-karyanya menjembatani tradisi sosiologis dan fenomenologis. Schütz secara bertahap diakui sebagai salah satu filsuf ilmu sosial terkemuka di abad ke-20.[1]:xv Dia menghubungkan karya Edmund Husserl dengan ilmu-ilmu sosial, menggunakannya untuk mengembangkan landasan filosofis sosiologi Max Weber, dalam karya utamanya yang berjudul Phenomenology of the Social World.[2] Namun, kebanyakan pengaruhnya muncul dari publikasi Collected Papers miliknya pada 1960-an.[3]

Alfred Schütz
Lahir(1899-04-13)13 April 1899
Wina, Austria-Hungaria
Meninggal20 Mei 1959(1959-05-20) (umur 60)
New York, New York, Amerika Serikat
Kebangsaan
  • Austria
  • Amerika
Suami/istri
Ilse Heim
(m. 1926)
Latar belakang akademis
Alma materUniversitas Wina
Pembimbing doktoralHans Kelsen
Dipengaruhi
  • Henri Bergson
  • Edmund Husserl
  • William James
  • Ludwig von Mises
  • Max Weber
Karya akademis
Disiplin ilmu
  • Filsafat
  • sosiologi
AliranFenomenologi
LembagaThe New School
Mahasiswa doktoralMaurice Natanson
Pemikiran pentingFenomenologi sosial
Memengaruhi
  • Peter L. Berger
  • Harold Garfinkel
  • Thomas Luckmann
  • Dan Zahavi

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ Walsh, George. 1997. "Introduction." In The Phenomenology of the Social World, by Alfred Schütz. Illinois.
  2. ^ Barber, Michael. "Alfred Schutz". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Diakses tanggal 5 Oktober 2012. 
  3. ^ Schutz, A. Collected Papers I: The Problem of Social Reality, edited by M. A. Natanson and H. L. van Breda. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff; Collected Papers II. Studies in Social Theory, edited by A. Brodersen. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff; Collected Papers III. Studies in Phenomenological Philosophy, edited by I. Schutz and A. Gurwitsch. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff

Bacaan lanjutanSunting

  • Barber, M. (2004). The Participating Citizen: A Biography of Alfred Schutz. New York, State University of New York Press.
  • Embree, Lester. (2000). “Schutz, Alfred (1899-1959), Philosopher and Social Scientist.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Jochen Dreher: Alfred Schutz In: George Ritzer, Jeff Stepnisky (Hrsg.): The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Major Social Theorists, Vol. I Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford 2011, ISBN 978-1-4443-3078-6, S. 489–510.
  • Wagner, H. R. (1983). Alfred Schutz: An Intellectual Biography. Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press.
  • Grathoff, R. Evans, C. (1989). Philosophers in Exile: The Correspondence of Alfred Schutz and Aron Gurwitsch, 1939-1959 Indianapolis, Indiana University Press.
  • Nasu, Hisashi & Waksler, Frances C. (2012). (Eds.). Interaction in Everyday Life: Phenomenology and Ethnomethodological Essays in Honor of George Psathas. Lanham, Maryland, Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-7644-3
  • Rehorick, David & Bentz, Valerie M. (2017). (Eds.). Expressions of Phenomenological Research: Consciousness and Lifeworld Studies. Santa Barbara CA, Fielding University Press. ISBN 978-1-5484-5200-1

Pranala luarSunting

  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Alfred Schutz," by Michael Barber
  • Alfred Schutz Papers. General Collection, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.