Al-Ashraf Khalil

Al-Ashraf Salāh ad-Dīn Khalil ibn Qalawūn (bahasa Arab: الملك الأشرف صلاح الدين خليل بن قلاوون‎; s. 1260an – 14 Desember 1293) adalah sultan Mamluk kedelapan antara November 1290 sampai pembunuhannya pada Desember 1293. Ia dikenal karena menaklukan negara-negara Salibis terakhir di Palestina usai pengepungan Acre pada 1291.

Khalil
Al-Malik al-Ashraf
Al-Ashraf Khalil dinar.jpg
Sultan Mesir dan Suriah
Berkuasa12 November 1290 – 14 Desember 1293
PendahuluAl-Mansur Qalawun
PenerusAn-Nasir Muhammad
Lahirs. 1260an
Kairo, Kesultanan Mamluk
Wafat14 Desember 1293 (usia awal 30an tahun atau lebih muda)
Turuja, Buhayra
WangsaQalawuni
Nama lengkap
Al-Malik al-Ashraf Salah ad-Din Khalil ibn Qalawun
AyahAl-Mansur Qalawun
IbuQutqutiya
PermaisuriArdukin
AnakDua putri
AgamaIslam

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Daftar pustakaSunting

Sumber primerSunting

  • Abu al-Fida, The Concise History of Humanity.(The historian Abu al-Fida took part in the sieges of Tripoli and Acre.)
  • Al-Maqrizi, Al Selouk Leme'refatt Dewall al-Melouk, Dar al-kotob, 1997.
  • Idem in English: Bohn, Henry G., The Road to Knowledge of the Return of Kings, Chronicles of the Crusades, AMS Press, 1969.
  • Al-Maqrizi, al-Mawaiz wa al-'i'tibar bi dhikr al-khitat wa al-'athar,Matabat aladab, Cairo 1996, ISBN 977-241-175-X
  • Idem in French: Bouriant, Urbain, Description topographique et historique de l'Egypte,Paris 1895
  • Ibn Taghri, al-Nujum al-Zahirah Fi Milook Misr wa al-Qahirah, Dar al-Kotob, Beirut 1992
  • History of Egypt, 1382–1469 A.D. by Yusef. William Popper, translator Abu L-Mahasin ibn Taghri Birdi, University of California Press 1954
  • Ludolph of Suchem, Description of the Holy Land and of the Way Thither, trans. Aubrey Stewart London: Palestine Pilgrims' Text Society, 1895. Reprinted in James Brundage, The Crusades: A Documentary History, Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press 1962
  • The Templar of Tyre, Chronicle (Getes des Chiprois), Published by Crawford, P., Ashgate Publishing. Ltd, Cyprus 2003. ISBN 1-84014-618-4

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