Willard Van Orman Quine (lahir 25 Juni 1908 – meninggal 25 Desember 2000 pada umur 92 tahun) (dikenal kawan karib sebagai "Van")[1] adalah seorang filsuf Amerika dan ahli logika dalam tradisi analitik.

Willard Van Orman Quine
Willard Van Orman Quine
Lahir(1908-06-25)25 Juni 1908
Akron, Ohio
Meninggal25 Desember 2000(2000-12-25) (umur 92)
Boston, Massachusetts
EraFilsafat abad ke-20
AliranAnalitik
Penghargaan Kyoto Prize dalam Seni dan Filsafat
1996
Minat utamaLogika, ontologi, epistemologi, filsafat bahasa, filsafat matematika, filsafat ilmu, Teori himpunan
Gagasan pentingNew Foundations, Indeterminansi penerjemahan, Naturalized epistemology, Ontological relativity, Quine's paradox, Tesis Duhem-Quine, Translasi radikal, Confirmation holism, Quine–McCluskey algorithm.

BibliografiSunting

Buku terpilihSunting

Artikel pentingSunting

  • 1946, "Concatenation as a basis for arithmetic." Reprinted in his Selected Logic Papers. Harvard Univ. Press.
  • 1948, "On What There Is", Review of Metaphysics 2(5) (JSTOR). Reprinted in his 1953 From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press.[3]
  • 1951, "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", The Philosophical Review 60: 20–43. Reprinted in his 1953 From a Logical Point of View. Harvard University Press.
  • 1956, "Quantifiers and Propositional Attitudes," Journal of Philosophy 53. Reprinted in his 1976 Ways of Paradox. Harvard Univ. Press: 185–96.
  • 1969, "Epistemology Naturalized" in Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. New York: Columbia University Press: 69–90.
  • "Truth by Convention," first published in 1936. Reprinted in the book, Readings in Philosophical Analysis, edited by Herbert Feigl and Wilfrid Sellars, pp. 250–273, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1949.

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. (October 2003), "Willard Van Orman Quine", Arsip Sejarah Matematika MacTutor, Universitas St Andrews .
  2. ^ Church, Alonzo (1935). "Review: A System of Logistic by Willard Van Orman Quine" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 41 (9): 598–603. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1935-06146-4. 
  3. ^ In this paper, Quine explicitly connected each of the three main medieval ontological positions, namely realism/conceptualism/nominalism, with one of three dominant schools in modern philosophy of mathematics: logicism/intuitionism/formalism respectively.