Upacara peralihan

kipli mahesa

Upacara peralihan adalah sebuah upacara atau ritual peralihan yang terjadi ketika seseorang meninggalkan satu kelompok untuk memasuki kelompok lainnya. Upacara tersebut melibatkan perubahan signifikan dari status di masyarakat.

ReferensiSunting

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Aronson, E. & Mills, J. (1959) "The effect of severity of initiation on liking for a group." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology', pp. 177–181.
  • Bell, B.J. (2003). "The rites of passage and outdoor education: Critical concerns for effective programming". The Journal of Experiential Education. 26 (1): 41–50. doi:10.1177/105382590302600107. 
  • Cushing, P.J. (1998). "Competing the cycle of transformation: Lessons from the rites of passage model". Pathways: The Ontario Journal of Experiential Education. 9 (5): 7–12. 
  • Festinger, L (1961). "The psychological effects of insufficient rewards". American Psychologist. 16 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1037/h0045112. 
  • Garces-Foley, Kathleen (2006). Death and religion in a changing world. ME Sharpe. 
  • Kamau, C (2012). "What does being initiated severely into a group do? The role of rewards". International Journal of Psychology. 48 (3): 399–406. doi:10.1080/00207594.2012.663957. PMID 22512542. 
  • Keating, C. F.; Pomerantz, J.; Pommer, S. D.; Ritt, S. J. H.; Miller, L. M.; McCormick, J. (2005). "Going to college and unpacking hazing: A functional approach to decrypting initiation practices among undergraduates". Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 9 (2): 104–126. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.611.2494 . doi:10.1037/1089-2699.9.2.104. 
  • Lodewijkx, H. F. M.; van Zomeren, M.; Syroit, J. E. M. M. (2005). "The anticipation of a severe initiation: Gender differences in effects on affiliation tendency and group attraction". Small Group Research. 36 (2): 237–262. doi:10.1177/1046496404272381. 
  • Morgenstern, Julian (1966). Rites of Birth, Marriage, Death, and Kindred Occasions among the Semites. Cincinnati. 
  • Turner, Victor (1967). "Betwixt and between: the liminal period in rites de passage". Forest of symbols: aspects of the Ndembu ritual. Ithaca: Cornell UP. hlm. 23–59. 
  • Turner, Victor W. (1969). The Ritual Process. Penguin. 
  • Van Gennep, Arnold (1909). Les rites de passage (dalam bahasa French). Paris: Émile Nourry. RingkasanReview by Frederick Starr, The American Journal of Sociology, V. 15, No. 5, pp 707-709 (March 1910). 
    • ——; Vizedom, Monika B (Translator); Caffee, Gabrielle L (Translator) (1977) [1960]. The Rites of Passage. Routledge Library Editions Anthropology and Ethnography (edisi ke-Paperback Reprint). Hove, East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-7100-8744-7. 
    • ——; ——; —— (2010) [1960]. The Rites of Passage (edisi ke-Reprint). Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-61156-5. 

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