Sejarah astronomi

Astronomi adalah ilmu pengetahuan alam tertua, yang telah ada sejak zaman kuno, dengan asal mulanya dalam kepercayaan agama, mitologi, kosmologi, kalender, dan astrologi dan praktik-praktik pra-sejarah.

Sebuah peta bintang dengan sebuah proyeksi cylindrical. Peta bintang buatan Su Song tersebut mewakili salah satu peta bintang tertua yang masih ada dalam bentuk yang dicetak.

Sejarah awalSunting

Budaya-budaya awal mengidentifikasikan objek-objek ruang angkasa dengan dewa-dewa dan jiwa.[1] Mereka mengaitkan objek-objek tersebut (dan gerakan mereka) dengan fenomena seperti hujan dan musim. Mereka umumnya mempercayai bahwa astronom-astronom "profesional" pertama adalah para pendeta

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Krupp, Edwin C. (2003), Echoes of the Ancient Skies: The Astronomy of Lost Civilizations, Astronomy Series, Courier Dover Publications, hlm. 62–72, ISBN 0-486-42882-6, diakses tanggal 2011-04-12 

Sejarawan astronomiSunting

ReferensiSunting

  • Aaboe, Asger. Episodes from the Early History of Astronomy. Springer-Verlag 2001 ISBN 0-387-95136-9
  • Aveni, Anthony F. Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico. University of Texas Press 1980 ISBN 0-292-77557-1
  • Dreyer, J. L. E. History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler, 2nd edition. Dover Publications 1953 (revised reprint of History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler, 1906)
  • Eastwood, Bruce. The Revival of Planetary Astronomy in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Europe, Variorum Collected Studies Series CS 279 Ashgate 2002 ISBN 0-86078-868-7
  • Evans, James (1998), The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-509539-1 .
  • Antoine Gautier, L'âge d'or de l'astronomie ottomane, in L'Astronomie, (Monthly magazine created by Camille Flammarion in 1882), December 2005, volume 119.
  • Hodson, F. R. (ed.). The Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World: A Joint Symposium of the Royal Society and the British Academy. Oxford University Press, 1974 ISBN 0-19-725944-8
  • Hoskin, Michael. The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280306-9
  • McCluskey, Stephen C. Astronomies and Cultures in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge University Press 1998 ISBN 0-521-77852-2
  • Pannekoek, Anton. A History of Astronomy. Dover Publications 1989
  • Pedersen, Olaf. Early Physics and Astronomy: A Historical Introduction, revised edition. Cambridge University Press 1993 ISBN 0-521-40899-7
  • Pingree, David (1998), "Legacies in Astronomy and Celestial Omens", dalam Dalley, Stephanie, The Legacy of Mesopotamia, Oxford University Press, hlm. 125–137, ISBN 0-19-814946-8 .
  • Rochberg, Francesca (2004), The Heavenly Writing: Divination, Horoscopy, and Astronomy in Mesopotamian Culture, Cambridge University Press .
  • Stephenson, Bruce. Kepler's Physical Astronomy, Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, 13. New York: Springer, 1987 ISBN 0-387-96541-6
  • Walker, Christopher (ed.). Astronomy before the telescope. British Museum Press 1996 ISBN 0-7141-1746-3

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