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Maneken prajurit Qizilbasy Safawiyah, dipamerkan di Istana Sa'dabad, Iran

Qizilbasy atau Kizilbasy (kadang juga disebut Qezelbasy atau Qazilbasy, bahasa Persia: قزلباش), adalah label yang diberikan kepada berbagai kelompok militan Syiah yang berkembang di Azerbaijan zaman dahulu (juga dikenal sebagai "Azerbaijan Iran"),[1][2] Anatolia dan Kurdistan dari akhir abad ke-15 dan seterusnya, beberapa di antaranya berkontribusi pada pembentukan dinasti Safawiyah di Iran.[3][4]

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Cornell, Vincent J. (2007). Voices of Islam (Praeger perspectives). Greenwood Publishing Group. hlm. 225 vol.1. ISBN 0275987329. 
  2. ^ Parker, Charles H. (2010). Global Interactions in the Early Modern Age, 1400–1800. Cambridge University Press. hlm. 53. ISBN 1139491415. 
  3. ^ Roger M. Savory: Kizil-Bash. In Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. 5, p. 243-45.
  4. ^ Savory, EI2, Vol. 5, p. 243: "Kizilbāsh (T. “Red-head”). [...] In general, it is used loosely to denote a wide variety of extremist Shi'i sects [see Ghulāt], which flourished in [V:243b] Anatolia and Kurdistān from the late 7th/13th century onwards, including such groups as the Alevis (see A. S. Tritton, Islam: belief and practices, London 1951, 83)."

Daftar pustakaSunting

  • Yves Bomati and Houchang Nahavandi,Shah Abbas, Emperor of Persia, 1587-1629, 2017, ed. Ketab Corporation, Los Angeles, ISBN 978-1595845672, Terjemahan bahasa Inggris oleh Azizeh Azodi.
  • Aslanian, Sebouh (2011). From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. California: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520947573. 
  • Blow, David (2009). Shah Abbas: The Ruthless King Who Became an Iranian Legend. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0857716767. 
  • Bournoutian, George (2002). A Concise History of the Armenian People: (from Ancient Times to the Present) (edisi ke-2). Mazda Publishers. hlm. 208. ISBN 978-1568591414. 
  • Floor, Willem; Herzig, Edmund (2012). Iran and the World in the Safavid Age. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1850439301. 
  • Mikaberidze, Alexander (2015). Historical Dictionary of Georgia (edisi ke-2). Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1442241466. 
  • Rothman, E. Nathalie (2015). Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0801463129.