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Piala FA Korea adalah kompetisi piala dengan sistem gugur yang melibatkan klub-klub K-League, Liga Nasional Korea, serta tim-tim sepak bola amatir dan universitas, yang diadakan setahun sekali oleh Asosiasi Sepak Bola Korea. Format sebelumnya dimulai pada tahun 1921, sebagai Turnamen Sepak bola Seluruh Korea (1921–1940) dan menjadi Kejuaraan Sepak bola Nasional Korea (1946–2000), tetapi Piala FA dalam format yang sekarang dimulai tahun 1996. Asosiasi Sepak Bola Korea menggabungkan kompetisi pialanya dengan Piala FA pada tahun 2000. Pemenangnya berhak masuk ke babak grup Liga Champions AFC.

Piala FA Korea
Korea FA Cup.png
Didirikan1996
(1921 as All Korea Football Tournament)
WilayahBendera Korea Selatan Republik Korea
Jumlah tim47 (2011)
Juara bertahanSeongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Tim tersuksesChunnam Dragons
Suwon Bluewings
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
(all 3 times)
Websitehttp://www.kfa.or.kr
Piala FA Korea 2011

Daftar isi

SejarahSunting

Turnamen Sepak bola Seluruh Korea dibetuk oleh Dewan Olahraga Korea pada 1921, pada saat masa penjajahan Jepang di Korea. Klub-klub sepak bola pemuda, pelajar, dan dewasa dari berbagai provinsi berpartisipasi. Setelah 1934, menjadi bagian dari Festival Olahraga Nasional Korea, which was the championship for various sports games and matched Koreans against other sports championships operated by Japanese who lived in Korea. The Korea Sports Council was disbanded in 1937, due to the Japanese government's oppression. The KFA succeeded it after 1938, but was cancelled after 1940 for the same reason during World War II.[1][2]

Setelah pembebasan Korea, the KFA founded the National Football Championship in 1946. Many clubs from all over Korea participated. It opened in late autumn, like its predecessor, the All Korea Football Tournament.

It declined after the founding of the The Korean Professional Football League (K-League) in 1983, because professional clubs and famous players didn’t take part in it. There were several efforts to make professional clubs join the tournament,[3] and it became so successful that many top-rank clubs joined in and the KFA renamed it FA Cup for the 1988 and 1989 seasons.[4][5] However, it soon returned to an amateur tournament, because of discord between the KFA and professional football clubs. KFA's FA Cup separated from the National Football Championship in 1996. The two competitions merged again in 2000.

FormatSunting

1996-2005

Piala FA Korea terjadi setelah akhir musim K-League reguler, dan biasanya selesai dalam waktu yang singkat. Pertandingan dimainkan dalam format eliminasi tunggal, dengan waktu tambahan dan penalti jika diperlukan. Sisi K-League diunggulkan di putaran pertama turnamen, tetapi semua pertandingan dimainkan di tempat netral, seperti Gimcheon dan Namhae

2006-

Untuk meningkatkan status turnamen, pertandingan disebar sepanjang tahun. Edisi 2006, misalnya, dimulai pada awal Maret, dengan putaran juga diadakan pada bulan April, Juli, Agustus dan November. Final dimainkan pada bulan Desember.

Seperti tahun-tahun sebelumnya, kompetisi ini diperebutkan dalam format KO lurus.

Sunting

Catatan dan Statistik (sejak 1996)Sunting

Lima klub yaitu Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors, Chunnam Dragons, Suwon Samsung Bluewings (masing-masing tiga kali) dan Pohang Steelers, Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (masing-masing dua kali) telah memenangkan Piala FA Korea lebih dari sekali.

Gelar berdasarkan MusimSunting

Musim Pemenang Juara Dua Skor
1996 Pohang Atoms Suwon Samsung Bluewings 0-0 (7-6 PSO)
1997 Chunnam Dragons Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma 1-0
1998 Anyang LG Cheetahs Ulsan Hyundai Horangi 2-1
1999 Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma Jeonbuk Hyundai Dinos 3-0
2000 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 2-0
2001 Daejeon Citizen Pohang Steelers 1-0
2002 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Pohang Steelers 1-0
2003 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Chunnam Dragons 2-2 (4-2 PSO)
2004 Busan I'cons Bucheon SK 1-1 (4-3 PSO)
2005 Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC 1-0
2006 Chunnam Dragons Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2-0
2007 Chunnam Dragons Pohang Steelers 3-2(1st leg), 1-3(2nd leg)
6-3(Agg)
2008 Pohang Steelers Gyeongnam FC 2-0
2009 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 1-1 (4-2 PSO)
2010 Suwon Samsung Bluewings Busan I'Park FC 1-0
2011 Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Suwon Samsung Bluewings 1-0

Gelar Berdasarkan KlubSunting

  • K-League official policy is that current clubs succeed to predecessor clubs' history & records.[6]
Klub Pemenang Juara Dua
Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3 (2002, 2009, 2010) 3 (1996, 2006, 2011)
Chunnam Dragons 3 (1997, 2006, 2007) 1 (2003)
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors 3 (2000, 2003, 2005) 1 (1999)
Pohang Steelers 2 (1996, 2008) 3 (2001, 2002, 2007)
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 2 (1999, 2011) 3 (1997, 2000, 2009)
Busan I'Park 1 (2004) 1 (2010)
FC Seoul 1 (1998) 0
Daejeon Citizen 1 (2001) 0
Ulsan Hyundai 0 1 (1998)
Jeju United 0 1 (2004)
Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC 0 1 (2005)
Gyeongnam FC 0 1 (2008)

Gelar Berdasarkan Kota / WilayahSunting

Kota / Area Titel Klub
Jeonnam
3
Chunnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
Jeonbuk
3
Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Suwon
3
Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
Pohang
2
Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008)
Seongnam
1
Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Cheonan
1
Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
Anyang
1
Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
Daejeon
1
Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Busan
1
Busan I'cons (2004)

Gelar Berdasarkan ProvinsiSunting

Province Titles City / Area Clubs
Jeolla Region
6
(3) Jeonnam
Chunnam Dragons (1997, 2006, 2007)
(3) Jeonbuk Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors (2000, 2003, 2005)
Capital Region
5
(1) Anyang Anyang LG Cheetahs (1998)
(3) Suwon Suwon Samsung Bluewings (2002, 2009, 2010)
(1) Seongnam Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (2011)
Gyeongsang Region
3
(2) Pohang Pohang Atoms (1996), Pohang Steelers (2008)
(1) Busan Busan I'cons (2004)
Chungcheong Region
2
(1) Cheonan Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma (1999)
(1) Daejeon Daejeon Citizen (2001)
Gangwon Region
0
Jeju Region
0
*Chunma means pegasus

Pemenang PenghargaanSunting

Penghargaan Pemain TerbaikSunting

Musim Pemain Klub
1996   Cho Jin-Ho Pohang Steelers
1997   Kim Jung-Hyuk Chunnam Dragons
1998   Kang Chun-Ho Anyang LG Cheetahs
1999   Park Nam-Yeol Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma
2000   Park Seong-Bae Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2001   Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
2002   Seo Jung-Won Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2003   Edmilson Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2004   Kim Yong-Dae Busan I'cons
2005   Milton Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
2006   Kim Hyo-Il Chunnam Dragons
2007   Kim Chi-Woo Chunnam Dragons
2008   Choi Hyo-Jin Pohang Steelers
2009   Lee Woon-Jae Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2010   Yeom Ki-Hun Suwon Samsung Bluewings
2011   Cho Dong-Keon Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma

Top Scorer AwardSunting

Season Player Club Goals
1996   Denis Laktionov Suwon Samsung Bluewings
4
1997   Roh Sang-Rae Chunnam Dragons
6
1998   Kim Jong-Kun Ulsan Hyundai
5
1999   Choi Yong-Soo Anyang LG Cheetahs
5
2000   Cesar Chunnam Dragons
4
2001   Kim Eun-Jung Daejeon Citizen
4
  Choi Sung-Kuk Korea University
2002
No Award
2003
No Award
2004   Wang Jung-Hyun FC Seoul
5
  Jung Jo-Gook FC Seoul
2005   Milton Rodriguez Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
6
2006   Jang Nam-Seok Daegu FC
3
2007
No Award
2008   Kim Dong-Chan Gyeongnam FC
6
2009   Stevica Ristić Pohang Steelers
5
2010   Ji Dong-Won Chunnam Dragons
5
  Índio Chunnam Dragons
2011   Go Seul-Ki Ulsan Hyundai
4

In 2002, 2003 and 2007, award was cancelled, because top scorer was of 3 or more people.

Semua PemenangSunting

The records of FA Cup including former Cups(All Korea Football Tournament, Korean National Football Championship) are the followings.[7][8][9]

Lihat jugaSunting

ReferensiSunting

  1. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.163-166, p.220-226.
  2. ^ English translation of 전조선축구대회 is “All Korea Football Tournament” as described in official KFA homepage. KFA>Archives>History
  3. ^ 내년부터 축구의 "王中王(왕중왕)" 「FA컵대회」신설 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1981-11-15.
  4. ^ FA컵축구 15일개막 프로•실업등42팀참가 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1988-11-10.
  5. ^ 89축구「王中王(왕중왕)」뽑는다 The Kyunghyang Shinmun, 1989-11-01.
  6. ^ "The Official K-League Almanac (Korea)". K-League editorial division. 
  7. ^ 大韓蹴球協會 편 『韓國蹴球百年史』라사라, p.540-544, p.579-584.
  8. ^ 대한축구협회>한국축구사>국내주요대회소개 (ko)(en)(ja)
  9. ^ The winner and the runners-up of All Korea Football Tournament are those of adult football division.

Pranala luarSunting