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Perang di Donbass (juga disebut Perang di Ukraina atau Perang di Ukraina Timur) adalah konflik bersenjata yang berlangsung di wilayah Donbass, Ukraina. Semenjak Maret 2014, demonstrasi oleh kelompok pro-Rusia dan anti-pemerintah pecah di Oblast Donetsk dan Lugansk setelah pergerakan Euromaidan berhasil menjatuhkan pemerintahan Viktor Yanukovych yang pro-Rusia. Demonstrasi tersebut kemudian berubah menjadi konflik bersenjata antara pasukan separatis Republik Rakyat Donetsk dan Lugansk melawan tentara pemerintah Ukraina.[21][22] Para separatis sebagian besar dipimpin oleh warga Rusia.[1] Sukarelawan dari Rusia dilaporkan meliputi 15%[23] hingga 50-80% kombatan pro-Rusia.[24].[1]

Perang di Donbass
Bagian dari Kerusuhan pro-Rusia di Ukraina 2014
Map of the war in Donbass.svg
Merah merupakan wilayah Republik Rakyat Donetsk. Merah muda adalah wilayah Republik Rakyat Lugansk. Kuning merupakan wilayah yang sebelumnya dikuasai pemberontak, tetapi direbut kembali oleh pemerintah Ukraina.
Tanggal06 April 2014 (2014-04-06)– sekarang
(5 tahun, 3 bulan, 2 minggu and 1 hari)
LokasiDonbass, termasuk:
Oblast Donetsk dan Luhansk, Ukraina
Pihak terlibat

 Novorossiya

 Rusia[1][2][3]
(dibantah oleh Rusia)[4]
 Ukraina
Tokoh dan pemimpin
Bendera Republik Rakyat DonetskBendera Rusia Alexander Borodai
Bendera Republik Rakyat Donetsk Denis Pushilin
Bendera Republik Rakyat DonetskBendera Rusia Igor Girkin
Bendera Republik Rakyat Donetsk Pavel Gubarev
Bendera Republik Rakyat Lugansk Valery Bolotov
Bendera Republik Rakyat Donetsk Igor Kakidzyanov  (POW)
Bendera Ukraina Petro Poroshenko
Bendera Ukraina Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Bendera Ukraina Oleksandr Turchynov
Bendera Ukraina Arsen Avakov
Bendera Ukraina Valeriy Heletey
Bendera Ukraina Andriy Parubiy[5]
Kekuatan
20.000[6] (menurut pemberontak)
~10.000[7]
(menurut para ahli)
30.000[7]
Korban

650 (menurut pemerintah)

560–860[8][9][10][11] (menurut pemberontak)
424 tewas,[12] 1.661 terluka,[13] 245 ditangkap[14][15] dan 11[16]–13[17] hilang
1–2 militan tewas[18]
550 warga tewas[19]
Secara keseluruhan 1.129+ warga dan kombatan tewas (pada 28 Juli)[20]

Catatan kakiSunting

  1. ^ a b c "Pushing locals aside, Russians take top rebel posts in east Ukraine". Reuters. 27 July 2014. Diakses tanggal 27 July 2014. 
  2. ^ . Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 25 July 2014 http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/washington-has-evidence-of-russias-readiness-to-supply-new-weapons-to-separatists-in-ukraine-357864.html. We have evidence that Russia is firing artillery from within Russia to attack Ukrainian military positions  Tidak memiliki atau tanpa |title= (bantuan)
  3. ^ "U.S. releases images it says show Russia has fired artillery over border into Ukraine". Washington Post. 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "US releases satellite images 'proving' Russia is firing into Ukraine". RT. 27 July 2014. Diakses tanggal 28 July 2017. 
  5. ^ Parubiy says anti-terrorist operation will continue as separatists in Luhansk, Donetsk reject Putin’s call to postpone referendum, Kyiv Post (8 May 2014)
  6. ^ The army of the Lugansk and Donetsk People’s Republics has 20,000 fighters - Gubarev. Itar-Tass. 9 July 2014
  7. ^ a b Ukraine's next battle is Donetsk, but no bombs, please. USA Today. 12 Juli 2014.
  8. ^ Ukraine Death Toll Climbs, but Information Scant
  9. ^ "Ukraine's new defence minister promises Crimea victory". BBC news. 3 July 2014. Diakses tanggal 3 July 2014. 
  10. ^ Ukraine says Russian army officers fighting with rebels
  11. ^ West agrees wider Russia sanctions as Kiev says forces near crash site
  12. ^ 363 servicemen killed (7 April–30 July),[1] 27 policemen killed (7 April–3 July),[2][3] 11 soldiers killed (31 July),[4] 23 soldiers killed (1 August),[5] total of 424 reported killed
  13. ^ 1,465 soldiers (7 April–31 July),[6][7] 196 border guards (7 April–31 July),[8][9]
  14. ^ Russia accuses US of fueling Ukrainian crisis
  15. ^ Kiev hints at Moscow connection to deadly air strike in east Ukraine
  16. ^ Ukraine Reports Losses After Pro-Russian Ambush Near Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 Crash Area
  17. ^ Ukraine conflict: At least 10 troops killed in ambush near crash site
  18. ^ Agencies (20 April 2014). "Deadly Ukraine gunbattle threatens fragile Easter truce". The Guardian. 
  19. ^ Ukraine: Amid fresh bloodshed, Australia pushes intervention
  20. ^ "MH17 crash: Shooting down the Malaysia Airlines flight 'may amount to a war crime', says UN". The Telegraph. 28 July 2014. 
  21. ^ Grytsenko, Oksana (12 April 2014). "Armed pro-Russian insurgents in Luhansk say they are ready for police raid". Kyiv Post. 
  22. ^ Leonard, Peter (14 April 2014). "Ukraine to deploy troops to quash pro-Russian insurgency in the east". Yahoo News Canada. Associated Press. 
  23. ^ Представитель ДНР назвал процент российских добровольцев в местной армии
  24. ^ РОССИЙСКИЙ НАЕМНИК: "ПОЛОВИНА ОПОЛЧЕНЦЕВ - ИЗ РОССИИ. МНЕ ПОМОГАЮТ СПОНСОРЫ. МЫ ВОЗЬМЕМ ЛЬВОВ"

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