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Maxentius (bahasa Latin: Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus;[1] c. 278 – 28 October 312) adalah seorang Kaisar Romawi yang memerintah dari tahun 306 hingga 312. Ia adalah putra kaisar sebelumnya Maximianus, dan adalah menantu dari Kaisar Galerius.

Maxentius
58th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Maxentius02 pushkin.jpg
Bust of Maxentius.
Berkuasa28 October 306 –
28 October 312 (in competition with Severus, then Galerius then Constantine – jointly with his father 306-8)
PendahuluConstantius Chlorus
PenerusConstantine
Lahirc. 278
Wafat28 Oktober 312 (aged 34)
Rome
Nama lengkap
Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus
AyahMaximian
IbuEutropia
AnakValerius Romulus,
1 other son of unknown name
Jabatan politik
Didahului oleh:
Maximian ,
Constantine I ,
Flavius Valerius Severus,
Maximinus Daia,
Galerius
Consul of the Roman Empire
308–310
bersama dengan Valerius Romulus,
Diocletian ,
Galerius
Licinius,
Constantine I,
Tatius Andronicus,
Pompeius Probus
Diteruskan oleh:
Galerius ,
Maximinus Daia ,
Gaius Caeionius Rufius Volusianus,
Aradius Rufinus
Didahului oleh:
Galerius ,
Maximinus Daia ,
Gaius Caeionius Rufius Volusianus,
Aradius Rufinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
312
bersama dengan Constantine I,
Licinius
Diteruskan oleh:
Constantine I ,
Licinius,
Maximinus Daia

CatatanSunting

Essays from The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Constantine are marked with a "(CC)".

  1. ^ In Classical Latin, Maxentius' name would be inscribed as MARCVS AVRELIVS VALERIVS MAXENTIVS AVGVSTVS.

BibliografiSunting

  • Alföldi, Andrew. The Conversion of Constantine and Pagan Rome. Translated by Harold Mattingly. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1948.
  • Barnes, Timothy D. Constantine and Eusebius. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981. ISBN 978-0-674-16531-1
  • Barnes, Timothy D. The New Empire of Diocletian and Constantine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-7837-2221-4
  • Drijvers, Jan Willem. "Eusebius' Vita Constantini and the Construction of the Image of Maxentius." In From Rome to Constantinople: Studies in Honour of Averil Cameron, edited by Hagit Amirav and Bas ter Haar Romeny, 11–28. Leuven and Dudley, MA: Peeters, 2006. ISBN 978-90-429-1971-6
  • Elliott, T. G. The Christianity of Constantine the Great. Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press, 1996. ISBN 0-940866-59-5
  • Lenski, Noel, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Constantine. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Hardcover ISBN 0-521-81838-9 Paperback ISBN 0-521-52157-2
  • Leppin, Hartmut and Hauke Ziemssen. Maxentius. Der letzte Kaiser in Rom (Zaberns Bildbände zur Archäologie). Mainz: Zabern, 2007.
  • Odahl, Charles Matson. Constantine and the Christian Empire. New York: Routledge, 2004. Hardcover ISBN 0-415-17485-6 Paperback ISBN 0-415-38655-1
  • Potter, David S. The Roman Empire at Bay: AD 180–395. New York: Routledge, 2005. Hardcover ISBN 0-415-10057-7 Paperback ISBN 0-415-10058-5
  • Southern, Pat. The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine. New York: Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-415-23944-3

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