Maria Spiridonova

Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova (bahasa Rusia: Мари́я Алекса́ндровна Спиридо́нова; 16 Oktober 1884 – 11 September 1941) adalah seorang revolusioner Rusia yang terinspirasi Narodnik. Ia adalah satu-satunya wanita selain Alexandra Kollontai yang memainkan peran penting pada Revolusi Rusia.[1]

Maria Spiridonova
MarijaSpiridonova.jpg
Lahir(1884-10-16)16 Oktober 1884
Tambov, Kegubernuran Tambov, Kekaisaran Rusia
Meninggal11 September 1941(1941-09-11) (umur 56)
Oryol, Oblast Oryol, SFSR Rusia, Uni Soviet

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Cole, IV, part II, p. 842.

ReferensiSunting

  • Sally A. Boniece, Maria Spiridonova, 1884-1918: Feminine Martyrdom and Revolutionary Mythmaking. PhD dissertation. Indiana University, 1995.
  • Sally A. Boniece, "The Spiridonova Case, 1906: Terror, Myth and Martyrdom," in Anthony Anemone (ed.), Just Assassins: The Culture of Terrorism in Russia. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 2010, pp. 127–151. ISBN 978-0810126923
  • Sally A. Boniece, The Shesterka of 1905-06: Terrorist Heroines of Revolutionary Russia; «Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas», New Series, Vol. 58, 2, 2010, pp. 172–191
  • George Douglas Howard Cole, A History of Socialist Thought, volume IV: Communism and Social Democracy 1914-1931, London-New York: Macmillan-St. Martin's Press, 1958, parts I and II
  • Anna Geifman, Thou shalt kill: revolutionary terrorism in Russia, 1894-1917, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-691-02549-5
  • Margaret Maxwell, Narodniki women: Russian women who sacrificed themselves for the dream of freedom, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1990. ISBN 0-08-037461-1
  • Jane McDermid, Mariya Spiridonova: Russian Martyr and British Heroine? The Portrayal of a Russian Female Terrorist in the Britich Press, in Ian D. Thatcher (ed), Reinterpreting Revolutionary Russia: Essays in Honour of James D. White, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, pp. 36–54, ISBN 978-1-349-54749-4
  • Alexander Rabinowitch. "Maria Spiridonova's 'Last Testament'", Russian Review, Vol. 54, No. 3 (July 1995), pp. 424–446
  • Alexander Rabinowitch, The Bolsheviks in power: the first year of Soviet rule in Petrograd, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-253-34943-9
  • Alexander Rabinowitch, "Spiridonova," in Edward Acton, Vladimir Iu. Cherniaev, and William G. Rosenberg (eds.), Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution, 1914-1921. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-253-33333-4
  • Isaac Nachman Steinberg, Spiridonova: Revolutionary Terrorist. London: Methuen, 1935

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