Khmer Serei

Khmer Serei (Bahasa Khmer: ខ្មែរសេរី [kʰmae seːrəj]; "Khmer Bebas") adalah sebuah pasukan gerilya anti-komunis dan anti-monarkis yang dibentuk oleh nasionalis Kamboja Son Ngoc Thanh. Pada 1959, ia menerbitkan 'Manifesto Khmer Serei' mengklaim bahwa Sihanouk mendukung 'komunisasi' Kamboja.[1] Pada 1960an, Khmer Serei bertumbuh dalam hal jumlah, berharap menjadi pasukan pejuang dan politik yang besar.

Wilayah-wilayah di Kamboja
Kegiatan-kegiatan pembelot di Indochina, 1951

Tujuan utama Khmer Serei adalah untuk mendestabilisasikan kekuasaan yang berdiri dan dipegang oleh pemimpin Kamboja saat itu, Raja Norodom Sihanouk dan menggulingkan kekuasaannya – dan menjadi bagian permanen dari politik Kamboja.[2]

CatatanSunting

  1. ^ Ben Kiernan. How Pol Pot Came to Power: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Communism in Cambodia, 1930-1975, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985), p.47
  2. ^ Robert L. Turkoly-Joczik. The Khmer Serei Movement, Asian Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1988), p.48

ReferensiSunting

  1. Chandler, D. P. The Tragedy of Cambodian History: Politics, War and Revolution since 1945. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980.
  2. Chandler, D. P. A History of Cambodia. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1983.
  3. Corfield, J. Khmers Stand Up!: A History of the Cambodian Government 1970-1975, Melbourne: Monash University, 1994.
  4. CMH Publication 90-23, Department of the Army, Vietnam Studies, U.S. Army Special Forces 1961-1971, Washington, D.C. 1989 (First Printed, 1973).
  5. Executed Today (blog) “1964: Preap In, Khmer Serei operative”, January 20, 2013, http://www.executedtoday.com/2013/01/20/1964-preap-in-sihanouk-cambodia/
  6. Hammer, E. J. The Struggle for Indochina, California: Stanford University Press, 1966.
  7. Heder, S. Kampuchean Occupation and Resistance. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, 1980.
  8. Kershaw, R. Monarchy in South-East Asia: The Faces of Tradition in Transition, London: Routledge, 2001.
  9. Kiernan, B. How Pol Pot Came to Power: Colonialism, Nationalism, and Communism in Cambodia, 1930-1975. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
  10. Martin, M. A. Cambodia: A Shattered Society, trans. Mark W. McLeod, Berkerley: University of California Press, 1989.
  11. Radu, M. The New Insurgencies, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 1990.
  12. Turkoly-Joczik, R, L. The Khmer Serei Movement, Asian Affairs, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1988).
  13. Short, P. Pol Pot: Anatomy of a Nightmare. New York: Henry Holt, 2005.
  14. Shawcross, W. Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, London: The Hogarth Press 1986.
  15. Zucker, E. M. Forest of Struggle: Moralities of Remembrance in Upland Cambodia, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2013.

Bacaan tambahanSunting

  1. Mason L. and Brown R. Rice, Rivalry and Politics: Managing Cambodian Relief, Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983.
  2. Shawcross W. The Quality of Mercy, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1984.
  3. Vickery M. Kampuchea, Politics, Economics and Society, London: Frances Pinter, 1986.

Pranala luarSunting