Joseph Stilwell

Joseph Warren Stilwell (Maret 19, 1883 – Oktober 12, 1946, aka Shih Ti-wei[1]/約瑟夫·華倫·史迪威 di Tiongkok) adalah seorang jenderal Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat yang bertugas di Palagan Tiongkok Burma India selama Perang Dunia II. Kepribadiannya yang tajam dan pedas tercermin dalam nama julukannya "Vinegar Joe".

Joseph Stilwell
Nama lahirJoseph Warren Stilwell
Julukan"Vinegar Joe", "Paman Joe"
Lahir(1883-03-19)19 Maret 1883
Palatka, Florida, Amerika Serikat.
Meninggal12 Oktober 1946(1946-10-12) (umur 63)
San Francisco, California, Amerika Serikat.
Pengabdian Amerika Serikat
Dinas/cabangSeal of the United States Department of War.png Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
Lama dinas1904–1946
PangkatUS-O10 insignia.svg Jenderal
Komando7th Infantry Division
III Corps
China Burma India Theater
Chinese Expeditionary Force (Burma)
Chinese Army in India
Northern Combat Area Command (NCAC)
Army Ground Forces
U.S. Tenth Army
U.S. Sixth Army
Western Defense Command
Perang/pertempuranPerang Dunia I
PenghargaanDistinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Legion of Merit
Pekerjaan lainChief of Staff to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek


  Artikel ini berisi bahan berstatus domain umum dari situs web atau dokumen United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. ^ Stilwell and the American Experience in China 1911-1945, pp. 82–3)

Bacaan lebih lanjutSunting

  • Jack Belden, Retreat With Stilwell, New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1943. Sympathetic eyewitness account.
  • Frank Dorn, Walkout: With Stilwell in Burma, Pyramid Books 1973. By his principal aide.
  • Fred Eldridge, 'Wrath in Burma The Uncensored Story of Gen. Stilwell Doubleday & Co., 1946.
  • Evans, M. Stanton; Romerstein, Herbert (2013). Stalin's Secret Agents: The Subversion of Roosevelt's Government. Threshold Editions. ISBN 978-1439147702. 
  • Eric Larrabee, Commander In Chief, New York: Harper & Row, 1987. ISBN 0-06-039050-6
  • Jon Latimer, Burma: The Forgotten War, London: John Murray, 2004. ISBN 978-0-7195-6576-2
  • Barbara Tuchman, Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45, Macmillan 1970. Grove Press 2001. British edition: Sand Against the Wind: Stilwell and the American Experience in China 1911-45, London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2001. ISBN 978-1-84212-281-5. Sympathetic full scale biography.
  • John Masters, The Road Past Mandalay, London: Michael Joseph, 1961. First-hand account of the fighting in Burma by a Chindit officer.
  • Pfefer, Nathan Vinegar Joe's War Presidio Press, 2000, ISBN 0-89141-715-X.
  • Romanus, Charles F.; Sunderland, Riley (1987) [1953]. China-Burma-India Theater: Stilwell's Mission to China. United States Army in World War II. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. LCCN 53-60349. 
  • Charles F. Romanus Riley Sunderland, Stilwell's Command Problems (Washington: Department of the Army, Historical Division, 1956). Official Army history with extensive documentation.
  • Rooney, D.D. Stilwell Pan Macmillan, 1973, ISBN 0-345-09789-0.
  • Stilwell, Joseph; White, Theodore, Ed. The Stilwell Papers Da Capo Press, 1991, ISBN 0-306-80428-X. Stilwell's wartime diaries.
  • Hans Van de Ven, "Stilwell in the Stocks: The Chinese Nationalists and the Allied Powers in the Second World War," Asian Affairs 34.3 (November 2003): 243-259. Revisionist study argues that Stilwell misunderstood Chiang's military strategy, which was actually flexible and well founded in Chinese realities.
  • Hans J. Van de Ven, War and Nationalism in China, 1925-1945 (London; New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003). Expands revisionist view including longer period of time.
  • Andrew Roberts, "Masters and Commanders: How Four Titans Won the War in the West, 1941-1945" (New York: Harper Perennial. 2010). Presents a harsher picture of Stilwell in course of examining Churchill, Roosevelt, Brook, and Marshall.
  • Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II. 1937-1945" (Boston; New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2013). Complete re-examination of the Chinese wars with Japan which argues that the memory of 'betrayals' by Britain, America, and Russia continues to influence China's worldview today.

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