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According to Jewish law, a ''sefer Torah'' (plural: ''Sifrei Torah'') is a copy of the formal Hebrew text of hand-written on ''[[gevil]]'' or ''[[qlaf]]'' (forms of [[parchment]]) by using a [[quill]] (or other permitted writing utensil) dipped in ink. Written entirely in [[Hebrew language|Hebrew]], a ''sefer Torah'' contains 304,805 letters, all of which must be duplicated precisely by a trained ''[[sofer (scribe)|sofer]]'' (“scribe”), an effort which may take as long as approximately one and a half years. Most modern Sifrei Torah are written with forty-two lines of text per column (Yemenite Jews use fifty), and very strict rules about the position and appearance of the [[Hebrew alphabet|Hebrew letters]] are observed. See for example the [[Mishna Berura]] on the subject.<ref>[http://www.geniza.net/ritual/mb/letterforms.shtml Mishnat Soferim The forms of the letters] translated by Jen Taylor Friedman (geniza.net)</ref> Any of several Hebrew scripts may be used, most of which are fairly ornate and exacting.
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Penyelesaian penyalinan suatu ''sefer Torah'' merupakan alasan untuk berpesta besar, dan adalah suatu [[Mitzvah]] bagi setiap orang Yahudi untuk menyalin atau dibuatkan salinan satu gulungan Taurat lengkap. Gulungan Taurat disimpan di bagian paling kudus dari setiap [[sinagoga]] pada suatu tabut khusus yang disebut "Tabut Kudus" ({{hebrew|אֲרוֹן הקֹדשׁ}} ''aron hakodesh''). ''Aron'' dalam bahasa Ibrani berarti "lemari" atau "kamar", dan ''kodesh'' diturunkan dari kata ''kadosh'', atau "kudus". Tes0
 
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