Buka menu utama

Perubahan

2.049 bita ditambahkan, 3 tahun yang lalu
tidak ada ringkasan suntingan
{{Infobox Formerformer Countrycountry
|native_name = شاهان مغولگورکانیان<br />مغلیہ سلطنت
|conventional_long_name = KesultananKekaisaran Mughal
|common_name = Shahaan-e-MughulKekaisaran Mughal
|continent = Asia
|image_map = Mughal Empire (orthographic projection).svg
|religion = [[Islam]] <small>(1526–1857)<br />[[Din-e Ilahi]] <small>(1582–1605)</small>
|image_map_caption =
|continent region = Asia Selatan
|country = India
|region = [[Anak benua india]]
|era = Periode modern awal
|country = Sekarang [[India]], [[Pakistan]], [[Bangladesh]], [[Afghanistan]]
|status = Kekaisaran
|year_start = 1526
|government_type = [[Monarki absolut]], [[negara kesatuan]]<br />dengan [[federasi|struktur federal]]
|year_end = 1857
|life_span = 1526 – 1540<br/>1555 – 1857
|p1 = Dinasti Timuriyah
|year_start = 1526
|flag_p1 = Timurid.svg
|year_end = 1857
|p2 = Kesultanan Delhi
|event_start = [[Pertempuran Panipat Pertama]]
|flag_p2 = Flag of Bosnia (1831-1832).svg
|date_start = 21 April
|p3 = Dinasti Suri
|event_end = [[Pertahanan Delhi]]
|p4 = Adil Shahi
|date_end = 21 September
|p5 = Kesultanan Bengal
|event1 = Kekaisaran diinterupsi oleh [[Kekaisaran Sur]]
|p6 = Kesultanan Dekan
|date_event1 = 1540-1555
|event2 = Kematian [[Aurangzeb]]
|date_event2 = 3 Maret 1707
|p1 = Kesultanan Delhi
|flag_p1 =Delhi_Sultanate_Flag_(catalan_atlas).png
|p2 = Rajput
|p3 = Kesultanan Dekan
|p4 = Kekaisaran Vijayanagara
|p5 = Kesultanan Gujarat
|p6 = Dinasti Tarkhan
|s1 = Kekaisaran Maratha
|flag_s1 = Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg
|s2 = Kekaisaran Durrani Durani
|flag_s2 = Flag_of_Herat_until_1842Flag of the Abdali Afghan Tribes.svgjpeg
|s3 = Pemerinahan Rajperusahaan Britaniadi India
|flag_s3 = Flag of the British RajEast India RedCompany Ensign(1801).svg
|s4 = Negara Hyderabad
|flag_s4 = Asafia flag of Hyderabad State.png
|s5 = Nawab of Carnatic
|flag_s5 = Flag of the principality of Carnatic.gif
|s6 = Nawab of Bengal
|flag_s6 = Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG
|s7 = Nawab of Awadh
|flag_s7 = Flag of Awadh.svg
|border_s7 = no
|s9 = Kerajaan Mysore
|s10 = Negara Bharatpur
|flag_s9 = Flag of Mysore.svg
|s10 = Negara Bharatpur
|flag_s10 = Flag of Bharatpur.svg
|s11 = Konfederasi Sikh
|date_start = [[21 April]] [[1526]]
|flag_s11 = Nishan Sahib.svg
|date_end = 10 Mei
| image_coat = Imperial Seal of the Mughal Empire.svg
|event_start = [[Pertempuran Panipat Pertama|Didirikan]]
| symbol_type = Segel Kekaisaran
|event_end = [[Pemberontakan India 1857|Runtuh]]
|image_flag=Flag Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg
|flag_type = ''Alam''
|capital =[[Agra]] dan [[Delhi]]
|image_map = Mughal_Empire_(orthographic_projection).svg
|common_languages =[[bahasa Persia Dari]] (pada permulaanya [[Bahasa Chagatai|Chagatai]]; juga tulisan [[Urdu]])
|image_map_caption = Kekaisaran Mughal di tahun 1707
|government_type = [[Monarki absolut]], pemerintahan militer<br />dengan struktur federal
|capital = [[Agra]]<br /><small>(1526–1540; 1555-1571)</small><br />[[Fatehpur Sikri]]<br /><small>(1571–1585)</small><br />[[Lahore]]<br /><small>(1585–1598)</small><br />[[Agra]]<br /><small>(1598–1648)</small><br />[[Shahjahanabad]], [[Delhi]]<br /><small>(1648–1857)</small>
|title_leader = Sultan
|national_motto =
|leader1 = [[Zaharuddin Muhammad Babur|Babur]]
|national_anthem =
|common_languages = [[Bahasa Persia|Persia]] (<small>bahasa pengadilan dan resmi</small>)<ref name=Conan>{{cite book|last=Conan|first=Michel|title=Middle East Garden Traditions: Unity and Diversity : Questions, Methods and Resources in a Multicultural Perspective, Volume 31|year=2007|publisher=Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection|location=Washington, D.C.|isbn=978-0-88402-329-6|page=235}}</ref><br />[[Bahasa Chagatai|Turki Chagatai]] (<small>hanya intial</small>)<br />[[Urdu]] (<small>periode akhir</small>)
|currency = Rupee
<!-- Titles and names of the first and last leaders and their deputies -->
|leader1 = [[Babur]]
|leader2 = [[Bahadur Shah II]]
|year_leader1 = 1526–1530
|year_leader2 = 1837–1857
|leader2 = [[Humayun]]
|title_leader = [[Kaisar Mughal|Kaisar]]<ref>Gelar Mirza diturunkan ke seluruh anak laki-laki keluarga tanpa terkecuali. In the Royal family it is placed after the name instead of before it, thus, Abbas Mirza and Hosfiein Mirza. Mirza is a civil title, and Khan is a military one. The title of Khan is creative, but not hereditary. ''pg 601 Monthly magazine and British register, [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dyMAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA601&dq#v=onepage&q&f=false Volume 34 Publisher Printed for Sir Richard Phillips], 1812 Original from Harvard University''</ref>
|year_leader2 = 1530–1539, 1555–1556
|stat_year1 = 1700{{efn|Area source:<ref>[[John F. Richards]], ''The Mughal Empire'', (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 1.</ref> Population source:<ref name="Richards1993">{{cite book|last=Richards|first=John F. |authorlink=John F. richards |title=The Mughal Empire|publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]|isbn=978-0-521-25119-8|doi=10.2277/0521251192|editor1-first=Gordon|editor1-last=Johnson|editor1-link=Gordon Johnson (historian)|editor2-first=C. A.|editor2-last=Bayly|editor2-link=Christopher Alan Bayly|accessdate=14 October 2010|series=The New Cambridge history of India: 1.5|volume=I. The Mughals and their Contemporaries|location=Cambridge|pages=1, 190|date=18 March 1993}}</ref>}}
|leader3 = [[Akbar]]
|stat_area1 = 3200000
|year_leader3 = 1556–1605
|stat_pop1 = 150000000
|leader4 = [[Jahangir]]
|today = {{flag|Afghanistan}}<br />{{flag|Bangladesh}}<br />{{flag|India}}<br />{{flag|Pakistan}}
|year_leader4 = 1605–1627
|leader5 = [[Shah Jahan]]
|year_leader5 = 1628–1658
|leader6 = [[Aurangzeb]]
|year_leader6 = 1658–1707
|leader7 = ''Kaisar terakhir''
|year_leader7 = 1707–1857
|stat_year1 = 1700
|stat_pop1 = 150000000
|stat_area4 = 4500000
|population_density3 = 50
|state religion = [[Islam Sunni]] dengan kebebasan memeluk agama lain.
|currency = [[Rupee]]
}}
{{HistoryOfSouthAsia}}
'''Kesultanan Mughal''' ({{lang-fa|'''<big>شاهان مغول</big>'''}} ''Shāhān-e Moġul''; sebutan diri: '''<big>گوركانى</big>''' - ''Gūrkānī'') adalah sebuah negara yang pada masa jayanya memerintah [[Afganistan]], [[Balochistan]], dan sebagian besar [[anak benua India]] antara [[1526]] dan [[1857]]. Kesultanan ini didirikan oleh pemimpin Mongol, [[Barbur]], pada tahun [[1526]], ketika dia mengalahkan [[Ibrahim Lodi]], [[Kesultanan Delhi|Sultan Delhi]] terakhir dalam [[Pertempuran Panipat I]]. Kata ''mughal'' adalah versi Indo-Aryan dari [[Mongol]]. Agama rakyat Mughal adalah [[Islam]].
 
Pengguna anonim