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{{Infobox military conflict
|conflict = Perang Saudara Rusia
|partof =
|image = [[Image:CWRArticleImage.jpg|300px]]
| caption = '''Searah jarum jam dari atas:''' Tentara [[Tentara Don]] di tahun 1919; Divisi [[Infantri]] Putih pada Maret 1920; soldiers of the [[1st Cavalry Army (Soviet Union)|1st Cavalry Army]]; [[Leon Trotsky]] in 1918; hanging of workers in [[Yekaterinoslav]] by the [[Austro-Hungarian Army]], April 1918.
|date = 7 November (25 October) 1917 – 25 October (12 October) 1922<ref name="M3230">Mawdsley, pp. 3, 230</ref>
|place = Former [[Russian Empire]], [[Mongolia]], [[Tuva]], [[Iran|Persia]]
|casus = [[October Revolution]]
|territory = Establishment of the [[Soviet Union]]; Independence of [[Finland]], [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]] and [[Poland]]<ref name=Bullock7>Bullock, p. 7 "Peripheral regions of the former Russian Empire that had broken away to form new nations had to fight for independence: Finland, Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia and Azerbaijan."</ref>
|result =Victory for the Red Army in [[Russia]], [[Ukraine]], [[Belarus]], [[South Caucasus]], [[Central Asia]], [[Tuva]], and [[Mongolia]];<br/>
Victory for pro-independence movements in [[Finland]], [[Estonia]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], and [[Poland]]
 
|combatant1 = '''{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic|Russian SFSR]]''' and other [[Republics of the Soviet Union|Soviet republics]]
----
{{flagicon image|RPAU flag.svg}} [[Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine]] <small>(1919–20)</small> <br/>
{{flagicon image|Red flag.svg}} [[Left Socialist-Revolutionaries|Left SR]] <small>(until March 1918)</small><br>
{{flagicon image|Darker green and Black flag.svg}} [[Green armies]] <small>(until 1919)</small>
 
|combatant2 = {{flagicon|Russia}} '''[[White Movement]]'''
{{Collapsible list
| bullets = no
| title = Including
| [[File:Kolchak (blason).jpg|20px]] [[Provisional All-Russian Government]]
| {{flagicon|Russia}} [[Armed Forces of South Russia]]
| {{flagicon image|Bandera de Bakio.svg}} [[Siberian Army]]
| [[File:Flag of the Ural government (1918).svg|23px]] [[Komuch]]
| [[File:Don White Army.svg|23px]] [[Don Army]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of Kuban People's Republic.svg}} [[Kuban People's Republic|Kuban cossacks]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of the Alash Autonomy.svg}} [[Alash Autonomy]]
}}
----
'''[[Pro-independence movements in Russian Civil War|Newly emerged republics]]'''
{{Collapsible list
| bullets = no
| title = Including
| {{flagicon|Poland}} [[Second Polish Republic|Poland]]
| {{flag|Finland}}
| {{flag|Estonia}}
| {{flag|Latvia}}
| {{flagicon|Lithuania}} [[Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940)|Lithuania]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of Ukrainian People's Republic 1917.svg}} [[Ukrainian People's Republic|Ukraine]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg}} [[Democratic Republic of Georgia|Georgia]]
| {{flagicon image |Flag of Armenia.svg}} [[First Republic of Armenia|Armenia]]
| {{flagicon image |Flag of Azerbaijan.svg}} [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic|Azerbaijan]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of the Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus.svg}} [[Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus|Mountain Republic]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of Don Cossacks.svg}} [[Don Republic]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of Kuban People's Republic.svg}} [[Kuban People's Republic]]
| ''and other pro-independence movements''
}}
----
'''[[Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War|Allied Intervention]]'''<br />{{Collapsible list
| bullets = no
| title = Including
| {{flagcountry|United Kingdom}}
*{{flag|Canada|1868}}
*{{flag|Australia}}
| {{flag|Empire of Japan}}
| {{flag|Czechoslovakia}}
| {{flagcountry|Kingdom of Greece}}
| {{flag|United States|1912}}
| {{flag|France}}
| {{flagcountry|Kingdom of Serbia}}
| {{flagcountry|Kingdom of Romania}}
| {{flagcountry|Kingdom of Italy}}
| {{flagcountry|Republic of China (1912–1949)|1912}}
}}
----
'''Pro-German armies'''
{{Collapsible list
| bullets = no
| title = Including
| {{flagicon|German Empire}} [[German Empire]]
| {{flagicon image|Baltic German.svg}} ''[[Baltische Landeswehr|Landeswehr]]''
| {{flagicon image|Flag of the Iron Division Freikorps.svg}} [[Freikorps in the Baltic|Freikorps]]
| {{flagicon image|Flag of the West Russian Volunteer Army.svg}} [[West Russian Volunteer Army]]
}}
----
{{Collapsible list
| bullets = no
| title = Other factions
| {{flagicon image|Darker green and Black flag.svg}} [[Green armies]] <small>(from 1919)</small>
| {{flagicon image|RPAU flag.svg}} [[Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine]] <small>(1920–21)</small>
| {{flagicon image|Anarchist flag.svg}} [[Kronstadt rebellion|Kronstadt rebels]]
| {{flagicon image|Red flag.svg}} [[Left Socialist-Revolutionaries|Left SR]] <small>(from March 1918)</small>
----
| [[File:Bandera del Turquestan.svg|18px]] [[Basmachi]]
| [[File:Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg|24px]] [[Emirate of Bukhara|Bukhara]]
| {{flagicon image|Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg}} [[Khanate of Khiva|Khiva]]
----
| {{flagicon|Ottoman Empire}} [[Ottoman Empire]]
----
| [[File:Flag of Mongolia (1911).svg|24px]] [[Outer Mongolia, 1911-1919|Mongolia]]
}}
----
<small>''Various anti-soviet factions also fought among each other.''</small>
|commander1=
{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Vladimir Lenin]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Leon Trotsky]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich|Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Jukums Vācietis]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Sergey Kamenev]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Mikhail Tukhachevsky]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Kliment Voroshilov]]<br />{{flagicon|Russian SFSR|1918}} [[Mikhail Frunze]]
----
{{flagicon image|RPAU flag.svg}} [[Nestor Makhno]]
|commander2={{flagicon|Russia}} [[Alexander Kolchak]]{{KIA}}<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Lavr Kornilov]]{{KIA}}<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Anton Denikin]]<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Pyotr Wrangel]]<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Mikhail Alekseyev]]<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Nikolai Yudenich]]<br />{{flagicon|Russia}} [[Evgeny Miller]]
|strength1 = 3,000,000<ref name=gfk/>
----
103,000 Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
|strength2 = 2,400,000 White Russians
|casualties1 = 1,212,824 casualties (records incomplete)<ref name=gfk>G.F. Krivosheev, ''Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century'', pp. 7–38.</ref>
|casualties2 = At least 1,500,000
|notes =
}}
[[Berkas:Red-soldiers.jpg|250px|thumb|right|Tentara merah.]]
 
* T.N. Dupuy, ''The Encyclopedia of Military History'' (many editions) Harper & Row Publishers.
* ''DK Atlas of World History'', 1999, Dorling Kindersley Publishing.
{{reflist}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
Pengguna anonim