Hewan berkuku genap: Perbedaan revisi

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{{Taxobox
| name = Hewan berkuku genap <br/>(Artiodactyla)
| fossil_range = {{Fossil range|5455|0}}[[Eocene]] awal - sekarang
| image =
| image_width = 240px
| phylum = [[Chordata]]
| classis = [[Mammalia]]
| superordoinfraclassis = [[CetartiodactylaEutheria]]
| superordo = [[Laurasiatheria]]
| ordo = '''Artiodactyla'''
| ordo_authority = [[Richard Owen|Owen]], 1848
| subdivision_ranks = FamiliaSubklad
| subdivision =
*[[Tylopoda]]
[[Antilocapridae]]{{br}}
*'''Artiofabula'''
[[Bovidae]]{{br}}
**[[Suina]]
[[Camelidae]]{{br}}
**[[Cetruminantia]]
[[Cervidae]]{{br}}
***[[Ruminantia]]
[[Giraffidae]]{{br}}
***[[Whippomorpha]]
[[Hippopotamidae]]{{br}}
****[[Hippopotamidae]]
[[Moschidae]]{{br}}
****[[Cetacea]]
[[Suidae]]{{br}}
*****[[Mysticeti]]
[[Tayassuidae]]{{br}}
*****[[Odontoceti]]
[[Tragulidae]]{{br}}
[[Leptochoeridae]] [[punah|†]]{{br}}
[[Chaeropotamidae]] †{{br}}
[[Dichobunidae]] †{{br}}
[[Cebochoeridae]] †{{br}}
[[Entelodontidae]] †{{br}}
[[Anoplotheriidae]] †{{br}}
[[Anthracotheriidae]] †{{br}}
[[Cainotheriidae]] †{{br}}
[[Agriochoeridae]] †{{br}}
[[Merycoidodontidae]] †{{br}}
[[Leptomerycidae]] †{{br}}
[[Protoceratidae]] †{{br}}
[[Xiphodontidae]] †{{br}}
[[Amphimerycidae]] †{{br}}
[[Gelocidae]] †{{br}}
[[Merycodontidae]] †{{br}}
[[Dromomerycidae]] †{{br}}
}}
 
'''Hewan berkuku genap''' adalah [[mamalia]] dari [[ordo (biologi)|ordo]] '''Artiodactyla''' yang terdiri dari kurang lebih 220 [[spesies]] [[ungulata]], termasuk banyak di antaranya yang memiliki nilai ekonomi bagi [[manusia]].
 
== Anggota Klasifikasi ==
 
* '''Ordo Artiodactyla'''/'''Cetartiodactyla'''
* †Familia Dichobunidae
** '''Upaordo [[Tylopoda]]'''
* †Familia Helohyidae
*** Familia †[[Anoplotheriidae]]?
* Subordo Suina
*** Familia [[Suidae]]: [[babiCainotheriidae]]
*** Familia [[Hippopotamidae]]: [[kuda nilMerycoidodontidae]]
*** Familia [[TayassuidaeAgriochoeridae]]
*** Familia [[Camelidae]]: [[unta]] dan [[llama]] (enam spesies)
* Subordo Tylopoda
*** Familia [[Camelidae]]: [[unta]] dan [[llamaOromerycidae]]
*** SubordoFamilia [[RuminantiaXiphodontidae]]
**'''Klad [[Artiofabula]]'''
** Infraordo Tragulina
***'''Suborder [[Suina]]'''
*** Familia [[Tragulidae]]: [[kancil]]
****Familia [[Suidae]]: [[babi]] (19 spesies)
** Infraordo [[Pecora]]
*** *Familia [[MoschidaeTayassuidae]]: pekari (empat spesies)
*** *Familia [[Cervidae]]: [[rusaSanitheriidae]]
***'''Klad [[Cetruminantia]]'''
*** Familia [[Giraffidae]]: [[jerapah]] dan [[okapi]]
****'''Klad [[Cetancodontamorpha]]'''<ref name="ncbi.nlm.nih.gov"/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2010/06/artiodactyl_consensus_cladogram.php#comments|title=A ‘consensus cladogram’ for artiodactyls|work=Tetrapod Zoology|accessdate=24 February 2015}}</ref>
*** Familia [[Antilocapridae]]
*****Genus †''[[Andrewsarchus]]?
*** Familia [[Bovidae]]: [[sapi]], [[kerbau]], [[banteng]], [[kambing]], [[domba]], dan [[antelop]]
*****Familia †[[Entelodontidae]]
*****'''Upaordo [[Whippomorpha]]'''
******Superfamilia [[Dichobunoidea]] - parafiletik ke Cetacea dan Raoellidae
*******Familia †[[Dichobunidae]]
*******Familia †[[Helohyidae]]
*******Familia †[[Choeropotamidae]]
*******Familia †[[Cebochoeridae]]
*******Familia †[[Mixtotheriidae]]
******'''Infraordo [[Cetacea]]''': paus (sekitar 90 spesies)
*******Familia †[[Pakicetidae]]
*******Familia †[[Ambulocetidae]]
*******Familia †[[Remingtonocetidae]]
*******Familia †[[Basilosauridae]]
*******'''Parvordo [[Mysticeti]]''': paus balin
********Superfamilia Balaenoidea: [[Right whales]]
*********Familia [[Balaenidae]]: greater [[right whales]] (empat spesies)
*********Familia [[Cetotheriidae]]: [[pygmy right whale]] (satu spesies)
********Superfamilia Balaenopteroidea:[[paus balin]] besar
*********Familia [[Balaenopteridae]]: [[Balaenoptera|Slender-back rorquals]] dan [[paus bungkuk]] (delapan spesies)
*********Familia [[Eschrichtiidae]]: [[paus abu-abu]] (satu spesies)
*******'''Parvordo [[Odontoceti]]''': paus bergigi
********Superfamilia [[Delphinoidea]]: [[oceanic dolphins]], [[porpoises]], and others
*********Familia [[Delphinidae]]: [[Oceanic dolphins|oceanic true dolphins]] (38 species)
*********Familia [[Monodontidae]]: [[Monodontidae|Arctic whales]]; [[narwhal]] and [[Beluga (whale)|beluga]] (two species)
*********Familia [[Phocoenidae]]: [[porpoises]] (six species)
********Superfamilia [[Physeteroidea]]: [[Physeteroidea|Sperm whales]]
*********Familia [[Kogiidae]]: [[Kogiidae|lesser sperm whales]] (two species)
*********Familia [[Physeteridae]]: [[sperm whale]] (one species)
********Superfamilia [[Platanistoidea]]: [[Lumba-lumba sungai]]
*********Familia [[Iniidae]]: [[Iniidae|South American river dolphins]] (two species)
*********Familia [[Lipotidae]]: [[Chinese river dolphin]] (zero - one species, possibly extinct)
*********Familia [[Platanistidae]]: [[South Asian river dolphin]] (one species)
*********Familia [[Pontoporiidae]]: [[La Plata dolphin]] (one species)
********Superfamily Ziphioidea
*********Familia [[Ziphidae]]: [[beaked whales]] (22 species)
******Familia †[[Raoellidae]]
******'''Infraordo [[Ancodonta]]'''
*******Familia †[[Anthracotheriidae]] - parafiletik ke Hippopotamidae
*******Familia [[Hippopotamidae]]: [[kuda nil]] (dua spesies)
****'''Klad [[Ruminantia]]morpha'''
*****'''Upaordo [[Ruminantia]]'''
******'''Infraordo [[Tragulina]]'''
*******Familia †[[Amphimerycidae]]
*******Familia †[[Prodremotheriidae]]
*******Familia †[[Protoceratidae]]
*******Familia †[[Hypertragulidae]]
*******Familia †[[Praetragulidae]]
*******Familia [[Tragulidae]]: [[pelanduk]] (enam spesies)
*******Familia †[[Archaeomerycidae]]
*******Familia †[[Lophiomerycidae]]
******'''Infraordo [[Pecora]]'''
*******Familia †[[Gelocidae]]
*******Familia †[[Palaeomerycidae]]
*******Familia [[Antilocapridae]]: [[pronghorn]] (satu spesies)
*******Familia †[[Climacoceratidae]]
*******Familia [[Giraffidae]]: [[jerapah]] dan [[okapi]] (dua spesies)
*******Familia †[[Hoplitomerycidae]]
*******Familia [[Cervidae]]: [[rusa]] (49 spesies)
*******Familia †[[Leptomerycidae]]
*******Familia [[Moschidae]]: [[musk deer]] (tujuh spesies)
*******Familia [[Bovidae]]: [[sapi]], [[kerbau]], [[banteng]], [[kambing]], [[domba]], [[antelop]], dan lain-lain (135 spesies)
 
== Referensi ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Lihat pula ==