Shah Jahan: Perbedaan revisi

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'''Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I''' (lengkap: ''Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu'l-Muzaffar Shihab ud-din Muhammad, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah [Firdaus-Ashiyani]'') (dilafalkan: '''Shah Jehan''', '''Shahjehan'''. [[bahasa Urdu|Urdu]]: '''شاه ‌جہاں''') ({{lahirmati||5|1|1592||2|1|1666}}) adalah seorang raja ke-5 dari Dinasti [[Mogul]] di [[India]]. Syah Jehan memerintah antara tahun 1627-1658. Atas perintahnya dibangunlah mausoleoum [[Taj Mahal]] yang merupakan salah satu dari tujuh keajaiban dunia di [[Agra]] demi mengenang permaisurinya yang bernama [[Arjuman Banu Begum]] atau [[Mumtaz Mahal]]. Nama kecil Syah Jehan adalah [[Khurram]].
2. Syah Jihan (1628¬-1658) tampil meggantikan Jihangir. Bibit-bibit disintegrasi mulai tumbuh pada pemerintahannya[16]. Hal ini sekaligus menjadi ujian terhadap politik toleransi Mughal. Dalam masa pemerintahannya terjadi dua kali pemberontakan. Tahun pertama masa pemerintahannya, Raja Jujhar Singh Bundela berupaya memberontak dan mengacau keamanan, namun berhasil dipadamkan. Raja Jujhar Singh Bundela kemudian diusir. Pemberontakan yang paling hebat datang dari Afghan Pir Lodi atau Khan Jahan, seorang gubernur dari provinsi bagian Selatan. Pemberontakan ini cukup menyulitkan. Namun pada tahun 1631 pemberontakan inipun dipatahkan dan Khan Jahan dihukum mati.
 
==Referensi==
*{{EB1911}}
*{{cite book| last = Asher | first = Catherine Ella Blanshard | title = The New Cambridge History of India, Vol I:4 – Architecture of Mughal India | year = 2003 | type = Hardback | edition = First published 1992, reprinted 2001,2003 | publisher = Cambridge University Press | location = Cambridge | isbn = 0-521-26728-5 | page =368 }}
* [[Padshah Nama]], a book written by [[Abdul Hamid Lahori]]
* Shah Jahan Nama/Amal-i-salih by Inayat Khan/[[Muhammad Saleh Kamboh]]
* Nushka i Dilkhusha by Bhimsen
* Bernier, Francois, Travels in the Mogal Empire (1656–68), revised by V.A. Smith, Archibald Constable, Oxford 1934.
* Tavernier, Jean Baptiste, Travels in India, trs. and ed. by V.Ball, 2 Vols. Macmillan, 1889, 1925.
* De Laet, Joannes, The Empire of the Great Mogol, trs. by Hoyland and Banerjee, Bombay 1928.
* [[Peter Mundy]]. ''Travels of Peter Mundy in Asia'', ed. [[Richard Carnac Temple]], Hakluyt Society, London 1914.
*{{cite book| last = Koch | first = Ebba | title = The Complete Taj Mahal: And the Riverfront Gardens of Agra| type = Hardback| edition = First| publisher = Thames & Hudson Ltd | location = | isbn = 0-500-34209-1| pages = 288 pages | date = Aug 2006 }}
* [[Niccoloao Manucci|Manucci, Niccolao]], ''Storia do Mogor'', Eng. trs. by [[William Irvine (historian)|W. Irvine]], 4 vols. John Murray, London 1906.
* Manrique, Travels of Frey Sebastian Manrique, trs. by Eckford Luard, 2 Vols. Hakluyt Society, London 1927.
* {{cite book | first=K.S. | last=Lal | authorlink=K.S. Lal | coauthors= | year=1988 | title=The Mughal Harem | edition= | publisher=Aditya Prakashan | location=New Delhi | isbn=81-85179-03-4 }}
* Begley, W, The Symbolic Role of Calligraphy on Three Imperial Mosques of Shah Jahan, Kaladarsana, 1978, pp. 7 – 18
*{{cite book| last = Koch | first = Ebba | title = The Complete Taj Mahal: And the Riverfront Gardens of Agra | origyear = Aug 2006| type = Hardback| edition = First| publisher = Thames & Hudson Ltd | location = | isbn = 0500342091| pages = 288 pages }}
* Hunter, William., ''The Imperial Gazetteer of India.''Turbner & Co.: London 1886
* A Handbook to Agra and the Taj by E.B. Havell
 
==Pranala luar==
{{commons category}}
* [http://thecmsindia.org/art.html#shah_jehan Shah Jehan in Christian Art]
* [http://www.twocircles.net/2008jul29/shah_jahans_353rd_death_anniversary_observed_taj_mahal.html Shah Jahan's 353rd death anniversary observed at Taj Mahal at TwoCircles.net]
* [http://www.boloji.com/history/013.htm History of Islam in India at IndiaNest.com]
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?fk_files=55696 A Handbook to Agra and the Taj – Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri and the Neighbourhood by E. B. Havel (Project Gutenberg)]
* [http://www.history-forum.com/ Indian & Mughal History Discussions] at [http://www.history-forum.com/ History Forum]
*[http://homepage.univie.ac.at/ebba.koch/articles/outlook_india.pdf 'The Man Of Marble' – Outlook India]
*http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?fk_files=55696
 
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{{s-hou|[[Dinasti Timurid]]||5 Januari 1592||22 Januari 1666}}
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{{s-bef|before=[[Jehangir]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Kaisar Mughal]]|years=1627–1658}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Aurangzeb]]}}
{{end}}
 
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