Tebet: Perbedaan antara revisi

131 bita ditambahkan ,  8 tahun yang lalu
tidak ada ringkasan suntingan
Tidak ada ringkasan suntingan
'''8 Tebet'''
* 246 SM - [[Taurat]] diterjemahkan ke dalam [[bahasa Yunani]]
<small>Ini merupakan upaya kedua penerjemahan Taurat ke dalam bahasa Yunani, setelah usaha pertama gagal 61 tahun sebelumnya. Menurut alkisah, kaisar Ptolemaios, yang memerintah Mesir-Yunani, memanggil 72 ahli Taurat untuk memesan suatu terjemahan Taurat dalam bahasa Yunani. Ia memisahkan mereka dalam 72 kamar, dan meminta masing-masing dari mereka menghasilkan terjemahan sendiri-sendiri. Pada tanggal 8 Tebet tahun Ibrani 3515 (246 SM) mereka menyampaikan 72 terjemahan terpisah, tetapi secara ajaib terjemahan-terjemahan itu identik satu sama lain, termasuk 13 perubahan di mana mereka masing-masing merasa terjemahan harfiah akan merusak makna sejati Taurat. Terjemahan bahasa Yunani ini kemudian dikenal dengan sebutan [[Septuaginta]], "dari tujuh puluh" (meskipun versi-versi yang ada sekarang ini meskipun menggunakan nama yang sama diragukan apakah tepat sama dengan aslinya). Akibat terjemahan ini, bahasa Yunani menjadi bahasa kedua di antara orang Yahudi pada permulaan abad Masehi. Pada masa Talmudik, 8 Tebet diperingati oleh sejumlah orang sebagai hari puasa, mengekspresikan ketakutan akan efek merugikan dari terjemahan ini.</small>
**<small>This was the second attempt to translate the Torah into Greek (there was an unsuccessful attempt 61 years earlier), the ruling [[Greeks|Greek]]-[[Ancient Egypt|Egyptian]] emperor [[Ptolemy]] according to legend, gathered 72 Torah [[Wise old man|sages]], had them sequestered in 72 separate rooms, and ordered them to each produce a translation. On the 8th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 3515 (246 [[Common Era|BCE]]) they produced 72 independent translations, including identical changes in 13 places (where they each felt that a literal translation would constitute a corruption of the Torah's true meaning). This Greek rendition became known as the [[Septuagint]], "of the seventy" (though later versions that carry this name are not believed to be true to the originals). Greek became a significant second language among Jews as a result of this translation. During Talmudic times, Tebet 8 was observed by some as a fast day, expressing the fear of the detrimental effect of the translation.</small>
'''9 Tebet'''
* 313 SM - Meninggalnya [[Ezra]]
*<small>*[[Ezra]], who led the return of the Jewish people to the [[Land of Israel]] after the [[Babylonian exile]] (423-353 BCE), oversaw the building of the [[Second Temple]], canonized the 24 books of the Bible and, as head of the "[[Great Assembly]]" legislated a series of laws and practices (including formalized prayer) which left a strong impact to Judaism until even this day. He died on the 9th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 3448 (313 BCE, which is exactly 1000 years after the Torah was given on [[Mount Sinai]]). The death of Ezra marked the end of what is called the "Era of [[Prophet|Prophesy]]." See also [[Tenth of Tevet#History|here]].</small>
'''10 Tebet''' (hari puasa)
* 588 SM - Pengepungan kota [[Yerusalem]] oleh tentara Babel
**<small>On the 10th of Tebet, the armies of the [[Babylonian]] emperor [[Nebuchadnezzar]] laid [[siege]] to [[Jerusalem]]. Thirty months later, on [[Tammuz (Hebrew month)|Tammuz]] 17, the city walls were breached, and on [[Av]] 9th of that year, the Holy Temple was destroyed. The Jewish people were then exiled to [[Babylonia]] for 70 years.</small>
'''11 Tebet'''
* 1668 - orang-orang Yahudi diusir dari [[Austria]]
*<small>In 1654, a group of [[Spanish and Portuguese Jews]] who fled the [[Spanish Inquisition]] held a [[Rosh Hashanah]] service in [[New Amsterdam]], and subsequently founding the congregation [[Shearith Israel]] ("Remnant of Israel"). On this 17th of Tebet in 1728, the congregation purchased a lot in [[Lower Manhattan]] and erected the first synagogue in New York.</small>-->
* 1754 - [[Toldot Aaron]] meninggal
<!--*<small>Rabbi [[Aaron Zelig]] ben Joel Feivush ofdari [[Ostrog]]{{disambiguation needed|date=December 2011}}, [[RussiaRusia]], who authored of [[Toldot Aaron]], died on Tebet 17 of the Hebrew year 5515 (1754).</small>-->
* 1841 - [[Dubner Maggid|Maggid dari Dubna]] (''Dubner Maggid'') meninggal
*<small>Tebet 17 is also the [[yahrtzeit]] (anniversary of the death) of Rabbi Yaakov Wolf Krantz (1740–1804), the Maggid (itinerant preacher) of [[Dubna]], who is particularly known for the parables ([[meshalim]]) he employed in his sermons and writings.</small>-->
'''18 Tebet'''
* 469 - Huna Mori bar Mor Zutra dibunuh
*<!--<small>The Exilarch ("Resh Galuta") of Babylonian Jewry, [[Huna Mori bar Mor Zutra]], was executed in [[Pumpeditha]] by order of the Persian emperor on the 18th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 4229 (469 [[Common Era|CE]]). Also killed on that day was [[Rav Mesharshia]] bar Pekod ([he third Jewish leader who was arrested with them, Rab Amemor bar Mor Yenuka, was executed two months later).</small>
* 1841 - [[B'nei Yissachar]] meninggal
*<small>The 18th of Tebet the yahrtzeit (anniversary of the death) of Rabbi Zvi Elimelech Shapiro of Dynov (1783?-1841), author of the [[Chassidic]] work [[B'nei Yissacha]]</small>
'''19 Tebet'''
* 1854 - [[Judah Touro]] meninggal
<!--*<small>The 19th of Tebet is the [[yahrtzeit]] (anniversary of the death) of American Jewish [[philanthropist]], [[Judah Touro]] (1775–1854).</small>-->
'''20 Tebet'''
*<small>The founder of [[Chabad]] [[Chassidism]], Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745–1812), died on the eve of the 24th of Tebet, at approximately 10:30 pm, shortly after reciting the [[Havdalah]] prayer, which marks the end of [[Shabbat]].</small>-->
* 1837 - Gempa bumi di [[Galilea]]
<small>Sebuah gempa bumi besar melanda bagian utara [[Israel]], dengan korban meninggal 4000 orang Yahudi di [[Safed]] dan antara 700 sampai 1000 orang Yahudi di [[Tiberias]].</small><br>
'''24* Tebet'''1852 - (1852)Rumah -Sakit Mount Sinai Hospitaldidirikan
*<!--<small>The first hospital in America under Jewish direction, [[Mount Sinai Hospital, New York|Mount Sinai Hospital]], was founded in New York on the 24 of Tebet in 1852.</small>-->
'''25 Tebet''' - (1559) - [[Chovat Halevavot]] publishedditerbitkan
*<!--<small>Chovat Halvavot, the classical work on Jewish ethics, and who was authored by [[Bahya ibn Paquda|Rabbi Bachya ben Yosef ibn Paquda]] on or before 1161, and translated into [[Hebrew]] from the original [[Arabic]] by the famed translator Rabbi [[Judah idn Tibbon]] in 1167. It was first published on the 25th of Tebet of the Hebrew year 5319 (1559).</small>
'''26 Tebet''' - (1369) - [[Jews]] of [[Sicily]] are required to wear a special badge<br />
'''26 Tebet''' - (1826) - [[Maryland]] adopted a law which allowed Jews to hold [[public office]]
*<small>Rabbi [[Samson Raphael Hirsch]] (1808–1888), a [[Talmudist]], scholar, philosopher, prolific author and Rabbi of [[Frankfurt]] am Main died. He is noted for encouraging Orthodox Judaism to German Jewry, convincing thousands to the teachings of the [[Torah]] at a time when assimilationist trends were very high for Jewish life in [[Western Europe]].</small>
'''28 Tebet'''
* 81 SM - Kelompok [[Saduki]] dikeluarkan dari [[Sanhedrin]]
*<small>[[Shimon ben Shetach]] berhasil mengusir sama sekali kelompok [[Saduki]] (sekte yang menolak Torah tak tertulis ("oral Torah") dan otoritas orang bijak/''Sages'') yang pernah mendominasi Sanhedrin, dan menggantikannya dengan murid-muridnya (''Mishnah; murid [[Farisi]] yang setia), pada tanggal 28 Tebet 3680 (tahun Yahudi; = 81 SM).</small>
'''29 Tebet'''
* (2006) - Meninggalnya Rabbi [[Yitzchak Kaduri]]