Kladistika: Perbedaan revisi

14.199 bita ditambahkan ,  6 tahun yang lalu
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(→‎Catatan kaki: {{commonscat|Cladistics}})
 
== Catatan kaki ==
{{commonscat|Cladistics}}
{{reflist}}
 
== Bibliography ==
<div class="references-small">
* {{Citation |last=Adrain |first=Jonathan M. |last2=Edgecombe |first2=Gregory D. |last3=Lieberman |first3=Bruce S. |year=2002 |title=Fossils, Phylogeny, and Form: An Analytical Approach |publication-place=New York |publisher=Kluwer Academic |isbn=978-0-306-46721-9 |url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=fpnV7NTcnuAC&lpg=PR3&pg=PA56#v=onepage&q&f=false |accessdate=2012-08-15 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Baron |first=C. |last2=Høeg |first2=J.T. |year=2005 |editor-last=Koenemann |editor-first=S. |editor2-last=Jenner |editor2-first=R.A. |contribution=Gould, Scharm and the paleontologocal perspective in evolutionary biology |title=Crustacea and Arthropod Relationships |pages=3–14 |publisher=CRC Press |isbn=978-0-8493-3498-6 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=LalmQ4346O0C&dq=Nielsen,+C.+2001+%22Animal+evolution%22+Chelicerata |accessdate=15 October 2008 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Benton |first=M. J. |authorlink=Michael Benton |year=2000 |title=Stems, nodes, crown clades, and rank-free lists: is Linnaeus dead? |journal=Biological Reviews |volume=75 |issue=4 |pages=633–648 |url=http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Benton/reprints/2000phylocode.pdf|doi=10.1111/j.1469-185X.2000.tb00055.x |pmid=11117201 }}
* {{Citation |last=Benton |first=M. J.|authorlink=Michael Benton |year=2004 |title=Vertebrate Palaeontology |edition=3rd |publication-place=Oxford |publisher=Blackwell Science |isbn=978-0-632-05637-8 }}
* {{Citation |last1=Brinkman |first1=Fiona S.L. |last2=Leipe |first2=Detlef D. |year=2001 |editor-last=Baxevanis |editor-first=Andreas D. |editor2-last=Ouellette |editor2-first=B.F. Francis |title=Phylogenetic analysis |encyclopedia=Bioinformatics: a practical guide to the analysis of genes and proteins |pages=323–358 |url=http://www.bioon.com/book/biology/Bioinformatics/chapter-14.pdf |accessdate=2013-10-19 |edition=2nd |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation | last=Cain | first=A. J. |last2=Harrison | first2 = G. A. |year=1960| title=Phyletic weighting |journal=Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London | volume=35 | pages=1–31 }}
* {{Citation | last=Cuénot | first=Lucien | authorlink=Lucien Cuénot | year=1940 | title=Remarques sur un essai d'arbre généalogique du règne animal | journal=Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris | volume=210 | pages=23–27 | ref=harv | postscript=.}} Available free online at http://gallica.bnf.fr (No direct URL). This is the paper credited by {{Harvnb|Hennig|1979}} for the first use of the term 'clade'.
* {{Citation | last=Dupuis | first=Claude | year=1984 | title=Willi Hennig's impact on taxonomic thought | journal=Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics |volume=15 |pages=1–24 |issn=0066-4162 |ref=CITEREFDupuis1984 | postscript=.}}
* {{Citation |last=Farris |first=James S. |year = 1977 |contribution=On the phenetic approach to vertebrate classification |editor-last=Hecht |editor-first=M. K. |editor2-last=Goody |editor2-first=P. C.| editor3-last=Hecht |editor3-first=B. M.| title=Major Patterns in Vertebrate Evolution |pages=823–850 |publisher=Plenum, New York}}
* {{Citation |last=Farris |first=James S. |year = 1979a |title=On the naturalness of phylogenetic classification |journal=Systematic Zoology |volume=28 |pages=200–214 |doi=10.2307/2412523 |issue=2}}
* {{Citation |last=Farris |first=James S. |year = 1979b |title=The information content of the phylogenetic system |journal=Systematic Zoology |volume=28 |pages=483–519 |doi=10.2307/2412562 |issue=4}}
* {{Citation |last=Farris |first=James S. |year = 1980 |title=The efficient diagnoses of the phylogenetic system |journal=Systematic Zoology |volume=29 |pages=386–401 |doi=10.2307/2992344 |issue=4}}
* {{Citation |last=Farris |first=James S. |year = 1983 |contribution=The logical basis of phylogenetic analysis |editor-last=Platnick |editor-first=Norman I. |editor2-last=Funk |editor2-first=Vicki A.| title=Advances in Cladistics, vol. 2 |pages=7–36 |publisher=Columbia University Press, New York}}
* {{Citation |last=Fraix-Burnet |first=D. |last2=Choler |first2=P. |last3=Douzery |first3=E.J.P. |last4=Verhamme |first4=A. |year=2006 |title=Astrocladistics: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Galaxy Evolution II. Formation and Diversification of Galaxies |journal=Journal of Classification|volume=23 |issue=1 |pages=57–78 |doi=10.1007/s00357-006-0004-4 | ref=CITEREFFraix-Burnet2006|arxiv = astro-ph/0602580 |bibcode = 2006JClas..23...57F }}
* {{Citation | last=Hennig | first=Willi | authorlink=Willi_Hennig | year=1966 | title=Phylogenetic systematics (tr. D. Dwight Davis and Rainer Zangerl) | publisher=Univ. of Illinois Press (reprinted 1979 and 1999) | location=Urbana, IL | isbn=0-252-06814-9 }}
* {{Citation | last=Hennig | first=Willi | authorlink=Willi_Hennig | year=1975 | title='Cladistic analysis or cladistic classification?': a reply to Ernst Mayr | journal=Systematic Zoology | volume=24 |pages=244–256 | url=http://joelvelasco.net/teaching/systematics/Hennig%201974%20-%20Cladistic%20Analysis%20or%20Cladistic%20Classification.pdf |doi=10.2307/2412765 | issue=2 |ref=CITEREFHennig1975 |jstor=2412765 | postscript=,}} responding to {{harvnb|Mayr|1974}}.
* {{Citation | last=Hennig | first=Willi | authorlink=Willi_Hennig | year=1999 | title=Phylogenetic systematics (3rd edition of 1966 book) | isbn=0-252-06814-9 | publisher=University of Illinois Press | location=Urbana |ref=CITEREFHennig1979}} Translated from manuscript in German eventually published in 1982 (Phylogenetische Systematik, Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin).
* {{Citation |last=Hull |first=David |author-link=David Hull |year=1988 |title=Science as a Process |publisher=University of Chicago Press |isbn=978-0-226-36051-5 }}
* {{Citation |last=James |first=Frances C. |last2=Pourtless IV |first2=John A. |year=2009 |title=Cladistics and the Origin of Birds: A Review and Two New Analyses|publisher=American Ornithologists' Union |isbn=978-0-943610-85-6 |url=http://www.bio.fsu.edu/James/Ornithological%20Monographs%202009.pdf |accessdate=14 December 2010|series=Ornithological Monographs, No. 66 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Jerison |first=Harry J. |year=2003 |editor-last=Sternberg |editor-first=Robert J. |editor2-last=Kaufman |editor2-first=James C. |contribution=On Theory in Comparative Psychology |title=The Evolution of Intelligence |publication-place=Mahwah, NJ |publisher=Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. |isbn=0-12-385250-1 }}
* {{Citation |last=Laurin |first=M. |last2=Anderson |first2=J. |year=2004 |title=Meaning of the Name Tetrapoda in the Scientific Literature: An Exchange |journal=Systematic Biology |volume=53 |issue=1 |pages=68–80 |doi=10.1080/10635150490264716 |url=http://sysbio.oxfordjournals.org/content/53/1/68.full.pdf |lastauthoramp=yes |pmid=14965901 }}
* {{Citation |year=2006 |editor-last=Lipo |editor-first=Carl |editor2-last=O'Brien |editor2-first=Michael J. |editor3-last=Collard |editor3-first=Mark |editor4-last=Shennan |editor4-first=Stephen J. |title=Mapping Our Ancestors: Phylogenetic Approaches in Anthropology and Prehistory |publication-place=Piscataway |publisher=Transaction Publishers |isbn=978-0-202-30751-0 }}
* {{Citation |last=Maas |first=Philipp |editor-last=Jürgen |editor-first=Hanneder |editor2-last=Maas |editor2-first=Philipp |location=Vienna|publisher=Austrian Academy of Sciences
|contribution=Computer Aided Stemmatics — The Case of Fifty-Two Text Versions of Carakasasaṃhitā Vimānasthāna 8.67-157 |booktitle=Text Genealogy, Textual Criticism and Editorial Technique |pages=63–120
|year=2010 |doi=10.1553/wzks2009-2010s63 |journal=Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens |volume=52-53 |title=Computer Aided Stemmatics — the Case of Fifty-Two Text Versions of Carakasaṃhitā Vimānasthāna 8.67-157}}
* {{Citation |year=2005 |editor-last=Mace |editor-first=Ruth |editor2-last=Clare |editor2-first=Clare J. |editor3-last=Shennan |editor3-first=Stephen |title=The Evolution of Cultural Diversity: A Phylogenetic Approach |publication-place=Portland |publisher=Cavendish Press |isbn=978-1-84472-099-6 }}
* {{Citation |last=Mayr |first=Ernst |year=1974 |title=Cladistic analysis or cladistic classification? |journal=Zeitschrift fűr Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung |volume=12 |pages=94–128 |url=http://courses.cit.cornell.edu/jdv55/teaching/systematics/mayr%2074%20-%20cladistic%20analysis%20or%20cladistic%20classification.pdf |accessdate=14 December 2010 |doi=10.1111/j.1439-0469.1974.tb00160.x }}
* {{Citation | last=Mayr | first=Ernst | authorlink=Ernst Mayr | title=Evolution and the diversity of life (Selected essays) | year=1976 |publisher=Harvard University Press | location=Cambridge, MA | isbn=0-674-27105-X |ref=CITEREFMayr1976}} Reissued 1997 in paperback. Includes a reprint of Mayr's 1974 anti-cladistics paper at pp.&nbsp;433–476, "Cladistic analysis or cladistic classification." This is the paper to which {{harvnb|Hennig|1975}} is a response.
* {{Citation|last=Mayr|first=Ernst |year=1978|title=Origin and history of some terms in systematic and evolutionary biology|journal=Systematic Zoology |volume=27|pages=83–88|ref=CITEREFMayr1978|doi=10.2307/2412818|issue=1|jstor=2412818|postscript=.}}
* {{Citation | last=Mayr | first=Ernst | authorlink=Ernst Mayr | title=The growth of biological thought: diversity, evolution and inheritance | year=1982 |publisher=Harvard University Press | location=Cambridge, MA | isbn=0-674-36446-5 |ref=CITEREFMayr1982}}
* {{Citation |last=Oppenheimer |first=Stephen |year=2006 |title=The Origins of the British |publication-place=London |publisher=Robinson |isbn=978-0-7867-1890-0 }}
* {{Citation | last=Patterson | first=Colin | year=1982 | contribution=Morphological characters and homology | editor-last=Joysey |editor-first=Kenneth A|editor2-first=A. E. |editor2-last=Friday | title=Problems in Phylogenetic Reconstruction | publisher=Academic Press | location=London |series=Systematics Association Special Volume 21| isbn=0-12-391250-4|ref=CITEREFPatterson1982 | postscript=<!--None-->}}.
* {{Citation |last=Patterson |first=Colin |year=1988 |title=Homology in classical and molecular biology |journal=Molecular Biology and Evolution |volume=5 |issue=6 |pages=603–625 |pmid=3065587 }}
* {{Citation |last=de Pinna |first=M.G.G |year=1991 |title=Concepts and tests of homology in the cladistic paradigm |journal=Cladistics |volume=7 |pages=367–394 |doi=10.1111/j.1096-0031.1991.tb00045.x |issue=4 }}
* {{Citation |last=de Queiroz |first=K. |last2=Gauthier |first2=J. |year=1992 |title=Phylogenetic taxonomy |journal=Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics|volume=23 |pages=449–480 |url=http://www.faculty.biol.ttu.edu/strauss/Phylogenetics/Readings/deQueirozGauthier1992.pdf |lastauthoramp=yes}}
* {{Citation |last=Robinson |first=Peter M.W. |last2=O’Hara |first2=Robert J. |year=1996 |title=Cladistic analysis of an Old Norse manuscript tradition |journal=Research in Humanities Computing |volume=4 |pages=115–137 |url=http://rjohara.net/cv/1996-rhc |accessdate=13 December 2010 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Schuh |first=Randall T. |last2=Brower |first2=Andrew V.Z. |year=2009 |title=Biological Systematics: Principles and Applications |edition=2nd |publisher=Cornell University Press |isbn=978-0-8014-4799-0 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Taylor |first=Mike |year=2003 |title=What do terms like monophyletic, paraphyletic and polyphyletic mean? |url=http://www.miketaylor.org.uk/dino/faq/s-class/phyletic/ |accessdate=13 December 2010 }}
* {{Citation |last=Tremblay |first=Frederic |year=2013 |title=Nicolai Hartmann and the Metaphysical Foundation of Phylogenetic Systematics |journal=Biological Theory |volume=7 |issue=1 |pages=56–68 |doi=10.1007/s13752-012-0077-8 }}
* {{Citation |last=Weygoldt |first=P. |year=1998 |title=Evolution and systematics of the Chelicerata |journal=Experimental and Applied Acarology |volume=22 |issue=2 |pages=63–79 |doi=10.1023/A:1006037525704 |month=February }}
* {{Citation |last=Wheeler |first=Quentin |year=2000 |title=Species Concepts and Phylogenetic Theory: A Debate |publisher=Columbia University Press |isbn=978-0-231-10143-1 }}
* {{Citation |last=Wiley |first=E.O. |last2=Siegel-Causey |first2=D. |last3=Brooks |first3=D.R. |last4=Funk |first4=V.A. |year=1991 |contribution=Chapter 1 Introduction, terms and concepts |title=The Compleat Cladist: A Primer of Phylogenetic Procedures |publisher=The University of Kansas Museum of Natural History |isbn=978-0-89338-035-9 |url=http://www.amnh.org/learn/pd/fish_2/pdf/compleat_cladist.pdf |accessdate=13 December 2010 |lastauthoramp=yes }}
* {{Citation |last=Williams |first=P.A. |year=1992 |title=Confusion in cladism |journal=Synthese |volume=01 |pages=135–132 |doi=10.1007/BF00484973 }}
</div>
 
== External links ==
{{Spoken Wikipedia|Cladistics.ogg|2005-04-30}}
{{commonscat|Cladistics}}
* [http://www.cladistics.org/ Willi Hennig Society]
* [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1096-0031 Cladistics] (scholarly journal of the Willi Hennig Society)
* {{cite web|first=Allen G.|last=Collins|first2=Rob|last2=Guralnick|first3=Dave|last3=Smith|title=Journey into Phylogenetic Systematics|url=http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/clad/clad4.html|date=1994–2005|publisher=University of California Museum of Paleontology|accessdate=21 January 2010}}
* {{cite web|first=Joe|last=Felsenstein|title=Phylogeny Programs|location=Seattle|publisher=University of Washington|accessdate=21 January 2010|url=http://evolution.gs.washington.edu/phylip/software.html}}
* {{cite web|first=Dennis|last=O'Neil|date=1998–2008|title=Classification of Living Things|location=San Marcos CA|publisher=Palomar College|accessdate=21 January 2010|url=http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/default.htm}}
* {{cite web|first=Peter|last=Robinson|first2=Robert J.|last2=O'Hara|title=Report on the Textual Criticism Challenge 1991|year=1992|publisher=rjohara.net|url=http://rjohara.net/darwin/files/bmcr|accessdate=21 January 2010}}
* {{cite web|first=Douglas|last=Theobald|date=1999–2004|title=Phylogenetics Primer|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/comdesc/phylo.html|publisher=The TalkOrigins Archive|accessdate=21 January 2010}}
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