Pemberontakan Taiping: Perbedaan revisi

1.015 bita ditambahkan ,  7 tahun yang lalu
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{{Infobox Militarymilitary Conflictconflict
|conflict = Pemberontakan Taiping
|nickname = Long hair
|partof=
|image = [[File:Naval battle between Taiping-Qing on Yangtze.jpg|300px]]
|image=
|caption = Meriam Taiping melawan kapal perang Qing yang mengepung ibu kota Kerajaan Surgawi
|caption=
|date = Desember 1850 – Agustus 18711864
|place = [[Cina Selatan]]
|casus =
|territory =
|result = {{plainlist}}
|result=Kemenangan [[Dinasti Qing]]{{br}}Melemahnya [[Dinasti Qing]]
* Kemenangan Dinasti Qing
|combatant1= {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Dinasti Qing]]{{br}}{{flagicon|United Kingdom}} [[Britania Raya]]{{br}}{{flagicon|France}} [[Perancis]]
|combatant2=* Kejatuhan Kerajaan Surgawi Taiping
* Melemahnya Dinasti Qing
|commander1= {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Kaisar Xianfeng]]{{br}}{{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Kaisar Tongzhi]]{{br}}{{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Cixi]]{{br}}{{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Zeng Guofan]]{{br}}{{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Sengge Rinchen]]{{br}} [[Zuo Zongtang]]{{br}}{{flagicon|United Kingdom}} [[Charles George Gordon]]{{br}}{{flagicon|United States|1848}} [[Frederick Townsend Ward]]{{br}}{{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Guam Wing]]
{{endplainlist}}
|commander2= [[Hong Xiuquan]]{{br}}[[Yang Xiuqing]]{{br}}[[Xiao Chaogui]]{{br}}[[Feng Yunshan]]{{br}}[[Wei Changhui]]{{br}}[[Shi Dakai]]{{br}}[[Li Xiucheng]]{{br}}{{flagicon|United States|1848}}[[Henry Andres Burgevine]]
|combatant1 = {{plainlist}}
|strength1=2.000.000–5.000.000{{br}}~340.000 milisi
* {{flag|Qing Dynasty|1862}}
|strength2=1.000.000–3.000.000, 100.000 wanita
'''Later stages:'''{{Citation needed|date=April 2012}}
|casualties1=
* {{flagcountry|Kekaisaran Perancis Kedua}}
|casualties2=
* {{flagcountry|UKGBI}}
|casualties3=~25.000.000 termasuk penduduk dan tentara
* {{flagcountry|USA|1859}}
|notes=
{{endplainlist}}
|combatant2 = [[Kerajaan Surgawi Taiping]]
|
|commander1 = {{plainlist}}
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Kaisar Xianfeng]]
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Empress Dowager Cixi]]
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Zeng Guofan]]
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Sengge Rinchen]]
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Guanwen]]
* {{flagicon|Qing Dynasty|1862}} [[Zuo Zongtang]]
* {{flagicon|Second French Empire}} [[Auguste Léopold Protet|Auguste Protet]]{{KIA}}
* {{flagicon|UKGBI}} [[Charles George Gordon]]
* {{flagicon|USA|1859}} [[Frederick Townsend Ward|Frederick T. Ward]]<br>{{noflag}}(sewaan){{KIA}}
* {{flagicon|USA|1859}} [[Henry Andres Burgevine]]<br>{{noflag}}(sewaan){{KIA}}
{{endplainlist}}
|commander2 = {{plainlist}}
* [[Hong Xiuquan]]
* [[Yang Xiuqing]]
* [[Xiao Chaogui]]{{KIA}}
* [[Feng Yunshan]]{{KIA}}
* [[Wei Changhui]]
* [[Shi Dakai]]{{KIA}}
* [[Li Xiucheng]]{{KIA}}
{{endplainlist}}
|strength1 = 1,100,000+<ref>Heath, pp. 11–16</ref>
|strength2 = 500,000<ref name="Heath">Heath, p. 4</ref>
|casualties1 =
|casualties2 =
|casualties3 = '''Kematian total:''' Setidaknya 20 juta, termasuk warga sipil dan tentara (perkiraan terbaik).<ref>Stephen R. Platt. ''Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War.'' (New York: Knopf, 2012). ISBN 9780307271730), [http://books.google.com/books?id=lDTkEH_BqwYC&dq=isbn%3A9780307271730&q=at+least+twenty+million+people+lost+their+lives#v=snippet&q=at%20least%20twenty%20million%20people%20lost%20their%20lives&f=false p. xxiii].</ref>
 
|notes =
}}
'''Pemberontakan Taiping''' adalah [[revolusi]] skala besar yang dilaksanakan dari tahun 1850 hingga 1864 oleh tentara yang dipimpin oleh [[Hong Xiuquan]], seorang pemeluk [[Kristen]] [[heterodoks]]. Ia mendirikan '''[[Kerajaan Surga Taiping]]''' ({{zh-t|太平天國}}; {{zh-s|太平天国}}; [[pinyin]]: Tàipíng Tiān Guó) dengan ibukota di [[Nanjing]] dan memperoleh kekuasaan atas sebagian Cina selatan, pada puncaknya menguasai sekitar 30 juta orang. Mereka mencoba untuk melaksanakan beberapa reformasi sosial, seperti pemisahan seks yang ketat, penghapusan [[tradisi mengikat kaki]], sosialisasi tanah, "penekanan" perdagangan pribadi dan menggantikan [[Konfusius]], [[Buddha]] dan agama tradisional Cina menjadi [[Kristen]].
 
== Referensi ==