Uncial: Perbedaan revisi

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(←Membuat halaman berisi 'thumb|right|300px|The [[Book of Kells, c. AD 800, is lettered in a script known as "insular majuscule", a variety of uncial script that origi...')
 
[[File:KellsFol309r.jpg|thumb|right|300px|The [[Book of Kells]], c. AD~ 800 M, isditulis lettereddengan inhuruf-huruf ayang scriptdikenal known asberjenis "insular majuscule", asuatu varietyvariasi oftulisan uncial scriptyang thatberasal originateddari in Ireland[[Irlandia]].]]
'''Uncial''' adalah jenis tulisan tangan yang seluruhnya menggunakan hanya "huruf besar" ({{lang-en|upper case}}, ''large letters'', capital letters, capitals, caps, majuscule, upper-case, atau ''uppercase'') yang umum digunakan dari abad ke-4 sampai ke-8 M<ref name=gl>[[Geoffrey Glaister|Glaister, Geoffrey Ashall]]. (1996) ''Encyclopedia of the Book''. 2nd edn. New Castle, DE, and London: Oak Knoll Press & [[The British Library]], p. 494. ISBN 1884718140</ref> oleh para jurutulis untuk membuat naskah [[bahasa Latin]] dan [[bahasa Yunani]] [[Bizantin]].<ref>''The Cambridge Encyclopedia of The English Language''. Ed. [[David Crystal]]. Cambridge: [[Cambridge University Press]], 1995. p. 258.</ref> Huruf-huruf uncial dipakai untuk menulis dalam [[bahasa Yunani]], [[Latin]], dan [[bahasa Gothik|Gothik]].
 
==Half-uncial==
Istilah ''half-uncial'' atau ''semi-uncial'' (artinya "setengah uncial") pertama kali diutarakan oleh Scipione Maffei, ''Istoria diplomatica'' (Mantua, 1727); ia memakainya untuk membedakan jenis tulisan yang nampaknya seperti versi terpotong dalam naskah kuno terkenal ''Codex Basilicanus'' dari Hilary, yang memuat bagian-bagian dengan salah satu dari kedua jenis tulisan.<!-- The terminology was continued in the mid-18th century by [[René Prosper Tassin]] and [[Charles François Toustain]]. Despite the common and well-fixed usage, half-uncial is a poor name to the extent that it suggests some organic debt to regular uncial, though both types share features inherited from their ancient source. See now: L. E. Boyle, "'Basilicanus' of Hilary Revisited," in ''Integral Palaeography'', with an introduction by F. Troncarelli, 105-17. Turnhout, 2001
 
Like uncial, half-uncial derived from Roman cursive, but now of a later, evolved type. It was first used around the 3rd century and remained in use until the end of the 8th century. The early forms of half-uncial were used for pagan authors and Roman legal writing, while in the 6th century the script came to be used in Africa and Europe (but not as often in insular centres) to transcribe Christian texts.
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=== Bentuk ===
Beberapa bentuk umum huruf-huruf half-uncial: