Papirus Chester Beatty: Perbedaan revisi

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[[File:P. Chester Beatty XII, leaf 3, verso.jpg|thumb|''P. Chester Beatty'' XII, folio 3, verso, currently housed at the University of Michigan]]
 
'''Papirus Chester Beatty''' ({{lang-en|Chester Beatty Papyri}}) merupakan kumpulan naskah [[papirus]] kuno yang dikumpulkan oleh Alfred Chester Beatty semasa hidupnya.
'''Papirud Chester Beatty''' ({{lang-en|Chester Beatty Papyri}}) or simply the '''Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri''' are a group of early [[papyrus]] [[Biblical manuscript|manuscripts of biblical texts]]. The manuscripts are in Greek and are of Christian origin. There are eleven manuscripts in the group, seven consisting of portions of Old Testament books, three consisting of portions of the New Testament (Gregory-Aland no. [[Papyrus 45|P<sup>45</sup>]], [[Papyrus 46|P<sup>46</sup>]], and [[Papyrus 47|P<sup>47</sup>]]), and one consisting of portions of the [[Book of Enoch]] and an unidentified Christian homily. Most are dated to the 3rd century. They are housed in part at the [[Chester Beatty Library]] in Dublin, Ireland, and in part at the [[University of Michigan]], among a few other locations.
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over his lifetime, which include non-Biblical papyri such as the [[Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus]].
 
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The papyri were most likely first obtained by dealers in [[illegal antiquities]]. Because of this, the exact circumstances of the find are not clear. One account is that the manuscripts were in jars in a Coptic graveyard near the ruins of the ancient city of [[Atfih|Aphroditopolis]]. Other theories have proposed that the collection was found near [[Al Fayyum|the Fayum]] instead of Aphroditopolis, or that the location was a Christian church or monastery near instead of a graveyard. Most of the papyri were bought from a dealer by [[Alfred Chester Beatty]], after whom the manuscripts are named, although some leaves and fragments were acquired by the [[University of Michigan]] and a few other collectors and institutions.
 
The papyri were first announced on November 19, 1931, although more leaves would be acquired over the next decade. [[Frederic G. Kenyon]], in an 8 volume work that spanned 1933-58, published the manuscripts in ''The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri: Descriptions and Texts of Twelve Manuscripts on Papyrus of the Greek Bible''. The papyri are usually cataloged as ''P. Chester Beatty'' followed by a corresponding Roman numeral between I-XII, one for each manuscript.
 
The last manuscript in the Chester Beatty Papyri, XII, contains chapters 97-107 of the [[Book of Enoch]] and portions of an unknown Christian homily attributed to [[Melito of Sardis]]. The manuscript is placed in the 4th century. The Book of Enoch is listed as "The Epistle of Enoch" in the manuscript. Chapters 105 and 108 are not included, and scholars believe they were later additions. XII is the only Greek witness to certain parts of Enoch. As for the homily, XII was the only known copy of the text at the time of its discovery. Two manuscripts which contain the text, ''[[Bodmer Papyri|P. Bodmer]]'' XIII and ''[[Oxyrhynchus Papyri|P. Oxy.]]'' 1600, have since been found. The manuscript also contains the only manuscript witness to the [[Apocryphon of Ezekiel]], although it is cited by [[Clement of Alexandria]] (''Paedagogus'' I. ix. 84.2–4). Overall, the handwriting is rough and most likely from a scribe who did not know Greek well. Campbell Bonner of the University of Michigan published this manuscript in his 1937 ''The Last Chapters of Enoch in Greek'' and 1940 ''The Homily on the Passion by Metito Bishop of Sardis''. {{clear}}
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== See also ==
* [[List of New Testament papyri]]