Today, tens of thousands of men, women and children study "Chumash with Rashi" as they review the Torah portion to be read in [[synagogue]] on the upcoming [[Shabbat]]. According to [[halakha]], a man may even study the Rashi on each Torah verse in fulfillment of the requirement to review the [[Parsha]] twice with Targum (which normally refers to [[Targum Onkelos]]) This practice is called in Hebrew: "[[Shnayim mikra ve-echad targum]]". Since its publication, Rashi's commentary on the Torah is standard in almost all Chumashim produced within the [[Orthodox Judaism|Orthodox Jewish]] community.
Rashi's Commentary on the Talmud===
[[File:Rashi's Talmud Commentary.jpg|250px|thumb|right|
An early printing of the Talmud ([[Ta'anit]] 9b); Rashi 's commentary is at the bottom of the right column, continuing for a few lines into the left column.]]
Rashi wrote the first comprehensive [[Talmud#Commentaries|commentary on the Talmud]]. Rashi's commentary, drawing on his knowledge of the entire contents of the Talmud, attempts to provide a full explanation of the words and of the logical structure of each Talmudic passage. Unlike other commentators, Rashi does not paraphrase or exclude any part of the text, but elucidates phrase by phrase. Often he provides punctuation in the unpunctuated text, explaining, for example, "This is a question"; "He says this in surprise," "He repeats this in agreement," etc.
As in his commentary on the Tanakh, Rashi frequently illustrates the meaning of the text using analogies to the professions, crafts, and sports of his day. He also translates difficult Hebrew or [[Aramaic]] words into the spoken [[French language]] of his day, giving latter-day scholars a window into the vocabulary and pronunciation of [[Old French]].