Daftar Presiden Albania: Perbedaan revisi

6.255 bita ditambahkan ,  7 tahun yang lalu
tidak ada ringkasan suntingan
k (←Suntingan 115.147.72.81 (bicara) dikembalikan ke versi terakhir oleh Albertus Aditya)
{{Infobox Political post
== Kepala Negara Albania (1912-1925) ==
|post = Presiden
|body = Republik Albania
|insignia = Presidential flag of Albania.svg
|insigniasize = 130px
|insigniacaption = Standar Presidensial
|image =
|imagesize = 150px
|incumbent = [[Bujar Nishani]]
|incumbentsince = 24 Juli 2012
|appointer =
|residence = [[Istana Kepresidenan di Tirana|Istana Kepresidenan]], [[Tirana]]
|termlength = Lima tahun
|formation = 21 Januari 1925 (republik pertama)<br />11 Februari 1945 (republik ke-2 dan hingga kini)
|inaugural = [[Ahmet Zogu]] (republik ke-3),<br />[[Ramiz Alia]] (republik ke-2 dan hingga kini)
|website = [http://president.al/ president.al]
}}
 
=== KetuaKepala ParlemenNegara NasionalAlbania (19121912–Sekarang) ===
=== [[Pemerintahan Sementara Albania]] (1912–1914) ===
* [[Ismail Qemali|Ismail Qemali Bej]] ([[28 November]] - [[29 November]] [[1912]])
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal Jabatan
! Akhir Jabatan
! Partai Politik
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Majelis Nasional'''<br><small>1912</small>
|-- style="background:white"
|[[Ismail Qemali|Ismail Qemali Bej]] || [[File:Ismail Qemali.jpg|60px]] || 1844–1919 || 28 November 1912 || 29 November 1912 || Non-partai
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Pemerintahan Sementara'''<br><small>1912 – 1914</small>
|-- style="background:white"
|[[Ismail Qemali|Ismail Qemali Bej]] || [[File:Ismail Qemali.jpg|60px]] || 1844–1919 || 29 November 1912 || 22 Januari 1914 || Non-partai
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Pemerintahan Pusat'''<br><small>1914</small>
|-- style="background:white"
|[[Fejzi Alizoti|Fejzi Bej Alizoti]] || [[File:No image.svg|60px]] || 1876–1945 || 22 Januari 1914 || 7 Maret 1914 || Non-partai
|--
|}
 
=== Ketua[[Kerajaan Pemerintahan SementaraAlbania]] (1912-19141914–1925) ===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
* [[Ismail Qemali|Ismail Qemali Bej]] ([[29 November]] [[1912]] - [[22 Januari]] [[1914]])
|--
* [[Essad Pasha|Esat Pashe Toptani]] ([[12 Oktober]] [[1913]] - [[12 Februari]] [[1914]]) (Chairman Council of Elders of Central Albania, in opposition in [[Durres]])
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal pemerintahan
! colspan="2" | Akhir pemerintahan
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''[[Raja Albania]] ([[House of Wied]])'''<br><small>1914</small>
|--
|[[William, Pangeran Albania|Vidi I, Skanderbeg II]] || [[File:WilhelmPrinceAlbania.jpg|60px]] || 1876–1945 || 7 Maret 1914 || colspan="2" | 3 September 1914
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal Jabatan
! Akhir Jabatan
! Partai Politik
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Pemerintahan Sementara'''<br><small>1914 – 1916</small>
|--
|[[Essad Pasha Toptani]] || [[File:Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg|60px]] || 1863–1920 || 5 Oktober 1914 || 24 Februari 1916 || Non-partai
|--
|colspan="6" align=center|''Bukan pemerintahan nasional (24 Februari 1916 – 28 Desember 1918)''
|--
|[[Turhan Përmeti|Turhan Pasha Përmeti]] || [[File:Turhan Pasha.jpg|60px]] || 1846–1927 || 28 Desember 1918 || 28 Januari 1920 || Non-partai
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Pemerintahan Nasional'''<br><small>1920</small>
|--
|[[Sulejman Delvina|Sulejman Bej Delvina]] || [[File:SulejmanDelvina.jpg|60px]] || 1884–1932 || 28 Januari 1920 || 30 Januari 1920 || Non-partai
|--
|colspan="6" align=center|'''''[[Dewan Tertinggi untuk Kabupaten]] (30 Januari 1920 – 31 Januari 1925)'''''
|-- style="background:#CCDDEE"
|[[Fan S. Noli]] <br>(Dewan Tinggi sementara) || [[File:FAN NOLI.jpg|60px]] || 1882–1965 || 2 Juli 1924 || 24 Desember 1924 || [[Partai Demokrat (Albania)|Partai Demokrat]]
|--
|}
 
=== Ketua[[Republik Pemerintahan PusatAlbania]] (19141925–1928) ===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
* [[Fejzi Bej Alizoti]] ([[22 Januari]] - [[7 Maret]] [[1914]])
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal Jabatan
! Akhir Jabatan
! Partai Politik
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''President'''<br><small>1925 – 1928</small>
|--
|[[Zog of Albania|Ahmet Zogu]] || [[File:Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg|60px]] || 1895–1961 || 1 Februari 1925 || 1 September 1928 || Non-partai
|--
|}
 
=== Sovereign Prince of[[Kerajaan Albania]] (19141928–1939) ===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
* [[Wilhelm zu Wied]] ([[7 Maret]] - [[3 September]] [[1914]])
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal pemerintahan
! Akhir pemerintahan
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''[[Raja Albania]] ([[Keluarga Zogu]])'''<br><small>1928 – 1939</small>
|--
|[[Zog dari Albania|Zog I, Skanderbeg III]] || [[File:Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg|60px]] || 1895–1961 || 1 September 1928 || 7 April 1939
|--
|}
 
=== [[Kerajaan Albania (1939–1943)|Pendudukan Italia]] (1939–1943) ===
=== Ketua Komisi Administratif (1914) ===
[[File:Flag of luogotenente generale in Albania of the Kingdom of Italy.svg|thumb|right|150px|Standar Letnan Jenderal Raja Albania.]]
* [[Qamil Musa Haxhi Feza]] ([[3 September]] - [[September]] [[1914]])
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal pemerintahan
! Akhir pemerintahan
|--
| align="center" colspan="5" | '''[[Raja Albania]] ([[Keluarga Savoy]])'''<br><small>1939 – 1943</small>
|--
|[[Victor Emmanuel III dari Italia|Victor Emmanuel III]]<br><small>''represensi:-'' || [[File:Vitorioemanuel.jpg|60px]] || 1869–1947 || 16 April 1939 || 8 September 1943
|--
|[[Francesco Jacomoni|Francesco Jacomoni <br>di San Savino]], <br><small>Letnan Jenderal || [[File:No image.svg|60px]] || 1893–1973 || 22 April 1939 || 18 Maret 1943
|--
|[[Alberto Pariani]], <br><small>Letnan Jenderal || [[File:No image.svg|60px]] || 1876–1955 || Maret 1943 || 6 September 1943
|--
|}
 
=== [[Kerajaan Albania (1943–1944)|Pendudukan Jerman]] (1943–1944) ===
=== Ketua Dewan Jenderal (1914) ===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
* [[Mustafa Bej Ndroqi]] ([[September]] - [[5 Oktober]] [[1914]])
|--
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal jabatan
! Akhir jabatan
! Partai Politik
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Dewan Tinggi untuk Kabupaten'''<br><small>1943 – 1944</small>
|-- bgcolor=#EDCBA9
|[[Mehdi Frashëri|Mehdi Bej Frashëri]] || [[File:MehdiFrasheri.jpg|60px]] || 1872–1963 || 20 Oktober 1943 || 28 November 1944 || [[Balli Kombëtar]]
|--
|}
 
=== [[Republik Sosialis Rakyat Albania|Sosialis Albania]] (1944–1991) ===
=== Ketua Pemerintahan Sementara (1914-1920) ===
[[File:Presidential flag of Albania 1946-1992.svg|thumb|right|150px|Standar Presiden, 1946–1992]]
* [[Essad Pasha|Esat Pashe Toptani]] ([[5 Oktober]] [[1914]] - [[24 Februari]] [[1916]])
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
* no national government ([[24 Februari]] [[1916]] - [[28 Desember]] [[1918]])
|--
* [[Turhan Pashe Permeti]] ([[28 Desember]] [[1918]] - [[28 Januari]] [[1920]])
! Nama
! Potret
! Lahir-Wafat
! Awal jabatan
! Akhir jabatan
! Partai Politik
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Ketua Presidium antifasis Dewan Pembebasan Nasional'''<br><small>1944 – 1946</small>
|-- bgcolor=#FF8C87
|[[Omer Nishani]] || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1887–1954 || 26 Mei 1944 || 12 Januari 1946 || [[Partai Buruh Albania|Partai Kommunis Albania]]
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Chairman of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly'''<br><small>1946</small>
|-- bgcolor=#FF8C87
|[[Omer Nishani]] || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1887–1954 || 12 January 1946 || 16 March 1946 || [[Party of Labour of Albania|Communist Party of Albania]]
|--
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Chairmen of the Presidium of the People's Assembly'''<br><small>1946 – 1991</small>
|-- bgcolor=#FF8C87
|[[Omer Nishani]] || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1887–1954 || 16 March 1946 || 1 August 1953 || [[Party of Labour of Albania|Communist Party of Albania]] <br>(until 1948) <br>[[Party of Labour of Albania]] <br>(from 1948)
|-- bgcolor=#FF8C87
|[[Haxhi Lleshi]] || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1913–1998 || 1 August 1953 || 22 November 1982 || [[Party of Labour of Albania]]
|-- bgcolor=#FF8C87
|[[Ramiz Alia]] || [[File:No image.svg|60px]] || 1925–2011 || 22 November 1982 || 30 April 1991 || [[Party of Labour of Albania]]
|--
|}
 
====First Secretaries of the Albanian Communist/Labour Party (1941–1991)====
=== Ketua Pemerintahan Nasional (1920-1925) ===
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
* [[Sulejman Bej Delvina]] ([[28 Januari]] - [[30 Januari]] [[1920]])
|-
* [[High Council]] ([[30 Januari]] [[1920]] - [[31 Januari]] [[1925]])
! #
* [[Fan S. Noli]] ([[2 Juli]] - [[24 Desember]] [[1924]]) (pejabat Dewan Tertinggi)
! Name
! Portrait
! Born-Died
! Term start
! Term end
! Political Party
! Notes
|- style="background:#FF8C87"
|1
|[[Enver Hoxha]]
|[[File:HODŽA druhá míza.jpg|80px]]
|1908–1985
|8 November 1941
|11 April 1985
|[[Party of Labour of Albania|PKSh]]/[[Party of Labour of Albania|PPSh]]
|also Prime Minister (1944-1954)
|- style="background:#FF8C87"
|2
|[[Ramiz Alia]]
|[[File:No image.svg|80px]]
|1925–2011
|13 April 1985
|4 May 1991
|[[Party of Labour of Albania|PPSh]]
|also Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Assembly (1982-1991)
|}
 
===[[Albania|Republic Rajaof Albania]] (19201991–Present) ===
[[File:Presidential flag of Albania.svg|thumb|right|150px|Standard of the President]]
* [[Essad Pasha|Esat Pashe Toptani]] ([[Juni]] [[1920]]) (dalam oposisi)
{| class="wikitable" style="width:70%; text-align:center;"
 
== Presiden Republik Albania (1925-1928) ==
* [[Ahmet Zogu]] ([[31 Januari]] [[1925]] - [[1 September]] [[1928]]), memproklamasikan sistem kerajaan
 
== [[Kerajaan Albania]] (1928-1944) ==
* [[Raja Albania|Raja]] [[Zog I]] ([[1 September]] [[1928]] - [[8 April]] [[1939]])
* [[Xhafer Ypi]] ([[9 April]] - [[12 April]] [[1939]]) (Ketua Komite Administrasi Sementara)
* [[Shefqet Bej Verlaci]] ([[12 April]] - [[16 April]] [[1939]]) (pejabat Kepala Negara)
* [[Raja Italia|Raja]] [[Vittorio Emanuele III]] ([[16 April]] [[1939]] - [[3 September]] [[1943]])
* [[Ibrahim Bej Bicaku]] ([[14 September]] - [[20 Oktober]] [[1943]]) (Ketua Komite Eksekutif Sementara)
* [[Mehdi Bej Frasheri]] ([[20 Oktober]] [[1943]] - [[25 Oktober]] [[1944]]) (Chairman High Council of Regency)
 
== Ketua Presidium Parlemen Rakyat Albania (1944-1991) ==
* [[Omer Nishani]] ([[26 Mei]] [[1946]] - [[1 Agustus]] [[1953]])
* [[Haxhi Lleshi]] ([[1 Agustus]] [[1953]] - [[22 November]] [[1982]])
* [[Ramiz Alia]] ([[22 November]] [[1982]] - [[30 April]] [[1991]])
[[Enver Hoxha]] tampil memimpin Albania dari [[20 November]] [[1944]] hingga meninggalnya pada [[11 April]] [[1985]], <!--although he was never head of state.-->
 
== Republik Albania (1991-Sekarang) ==
=== Presiden ===
{|class="wikitable"
|--
! NamaName
! Portrait
! Mulai Menjabat
! Born-Died
! Akhir Jabatan
! Term start
! Partai POlitik
! Term end
|-- bgcolor=
! Political Party
|[[Ramiz Alia]] || 30 April 1991 || 3 April 1992 || Non-partai
|--
|-- bgcolor=#FFBBBB
| align="center" colspan="6" | '''Presidents'''<br><small>1991 onwards</small>
|[[Kastriot Islami]] (pejabat) || 3 April 1992 || 6 April 1992 || [[Partai Sosialis Albania]]
|-- style="background:white"
|-- bgcolor=#CCDDEE
|[[PjetërRamiz ArbnoriAlia]] (pejabat)|| [[File:No image.svg|60px]] || 61925–2011 || 30 April 19921991 || 93 April 1992 || [[Partai Demokrat Albania]]Non-party
|-- bgcolor=#FFAEA5
|[[Kastriot Islami]] <br>(acting) || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1952– || 3 April 1992 || 6 April 1992 || [[Socialist Party of Albania]]
|-- bgcolor=#CCDDEE
|[[SaliPjetër BerishaArbnori]] <br>(acting) || 9[[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1935–2006 || 6 April 1992 || 249 JuliApril 19971992 || [[PartaiDemocratic Party Demokratof Albania]]
|-- bgcolor=#CCDDEE
|[[Sali Berisha]] || [[File:Sali Berisha, October 2008.jpg|60px]] || 1944– || 9 April 1992 || 24 July 1997 || [[Democratic Party of Albania]]
|[[Skender Gjinushi]] (pejabat)
|-- bgcolor=#FFE8E8
|colspan="2"|24 Juli 1997 (several hours)
|[[Skënder Gjinushi]] <br>(acting) || [[Image:No image.svg|60px]] || 1949– ||colspan="2"| 24 July 1997 (several hours) || [[Social Democratic Party of Albania]]
|[[Partai Demokrat Albania]]
|-- bgcolor=#FFBBBBFFAEA5
|[[Rexhep Meidani]] || [[File:Rexhep Meidani.jpg|60px]] || 1944– || 24 JuliJuly 1997 || 24 JuliJuly 2002 || [[PartaiSocialist Party Sosialisof Albania]]
|-- style="background:white"
|-- bgcolor=
|[[Alfred Moisiu]] || [[File:AlfredMoisiu.png|60px]] || 1929– || 24 JuliJuly 2002 || 24 JuliJuly 2007 || Non-partaiparty
|-- bgcolor=#CCDDEE
|[[Bamir Topi]] || [[File:Bamir Topi 2.jpg|60px]] || 1957– || 24 JuliJuly 2007 || 24 JuliJuly 2012 || [[PartaiDemocratic Party Demokratof Albania]]
|-- bgcolor=#CCDDEE
|[[Bujar Nishani]] || [[File:Presidenti3prewiew.png|60px]] || 1966– || 24 JuliJuly 2012 || SekarangIncumbent || [[PartaiDemocratic Party Demokratof Albania]]
|}
 
==Living former Presidents==
Lihat: [http://www.president.al/english/pub/presidentet.asp A brief history of the institution]
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!Name!!Term!!Date of birth
|-
|[[Sali Berisha]]
|1992–1997
|10 October 1944
|-
|[[Rexhep Meidani]]
|1997–2002
|17 August 1944
|-
|[[Alfred Moisiu]]
|2002–2007
|1 December 1929
|-
|[[Bamir Topi]]
|2007–2012
|24 April 1957
|}
 
==Latest election==
{{main|Albanian presidential election, 2012}}
 
==See Lihat pula also==
*[[List of Albanian monarchs]]
* [[Albania]]
* [[RajaList of Prime Ministers of Albania]]
* [[PerdanaList of MenteriForeign Albania|KepalaMinisters Pemerintahanof Albania]]
* [[Ratu Albania]]
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.president.al Presidency of Albania (official site)]
*[http://www.president.al/english/pub/presidentet.asp A brief history of the institution]
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Heads Of State Of Albania}}
{{daftar pemimpin negara|jabatan=Presiden|negara=Albania |stub=y}}
[[Kategori:Daftar kepala negara|Albania]]
[[Kategori:Presiden Albania| ]]
 
[[ar:ملحق:قائمة رؤساء ألبانيا]]
[[da:Albaniens præsidenter]]
[[de:Liste der Staatsoberhäupter Albaniens]]
[[et:Albaania riigipeade loend]]
[[en:List of heads of state of Albania]]
[[es:Anexo:Jefes de Estado de Albania]]
[[et:Albaania riigipeade loend]]
[[fr:Liste des chefs d'État d'Albanie]]
[[ko:알바니아의 대통령]]
[[hu:Albánia állam- és kormányfőinek listája]]
[[io:Listo di prezidanti di Albania]]
[[it:Capi di Stato dell'Albania]]
[[ja:アルバニアの大統領]]
[[ka:ალბანეთის პრეზიდენტი]]
[[ko:알바니아의 대통령]]
[[lv:Albānijas valsts vadītāji]]
[[hu:Albánia állam- és kormányfőinek listája]]
[[ms:Senarai Presiden Albania]]
[[nl:Lijst van staatshoofden van Albanië]]
[[ja:アルバニアの大統領]]
[[no:Liste over Albanias presidenter]]
[[oc:Lista dels presidents d'Albania]]
[[pt:Anexo:Lista de presidentes da Albânia]]
[[ru:Президент Албании]]
[[sq:Kryetarët e Shqipërisë]]
[[simple:List of heads of state of Albania]]
[[sk:Zoznam vládcov Albánska]]
[[sl:Seznam predsednikov Albanije]]
[[sq:Kryetarët e Shqipërisë]]
[[sr:Председник Албаније]]
[[sv:Lista över Albaniens presidenter]]
Pengguna anonim