Aljazair Prancis: Perbedaan antara revisi

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{{inuse}}
{{Infobox Former Country
|native_name = ''Algérie
|common_name = Aljazair
|continent = AfricaAfrika
|region = NorthAfrika AfricaUtara
|country = AlgeriaAljazair
|subdivision = [[Departments of France#French Algeria|Départements]]
|nation = FrancePerancis
|year_start = 1830
|year_end = 1962
|date_start = July 5, Juli 1830
|date_end = July 3, Juli 1962
|event_start = [[InvasionInvasi ofAljazair Algiers intahun 1830|SurrenderPenyerahan ofdiri AlgiersAljazair]]
|event_end = [[AlgerianPerang WarAljazair|AlgerianKemerdekaan IndependenceAljazair]]
|p1 = Regency of Algiers
|flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
|image_map = French Algeria evolution 1830-1962 map-fr.svg
|image_map_caption = Chronological map of French Algeria's evolution.
|capital = [[AlgiersAljir]]
}}
'''FrenchAljazair AlgeriaPerancis''' ({{lang-fr|Alger}} tohingga tahun 1839, thenkemudian ''Algérie'' afterwardsetelah itu;<ref>[[Scheiner, Virgile]]. "''Le pays occupé par les Français dans le nord de l'Afrique sera, à l'avenir, désigné sous le nom d'Algérie.''" 14 October 1839. {{fr icon}}</ref> unofficially ''Algérie française'',<ref>Non exhaustive list of ancient and modern books named "Algérie française": {{fr}} 1848 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=5YELAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=UTsklOmdn4&sig=ebtKmGHBNwAC2TlRUyBsgtNMY5A&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 1856 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=FTJ1p231EuoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=LUUkHJLPIa&sig=p_2Bpls9ooS7lBoS6a2cB0Bu69g&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 1864 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=KPS2TOIwk_kC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=cw_kFdY8cq&sig=79pZKy4Z4d4BwI7LmgkXaHz5NC8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; 2007 [http://books.google.fr/books?id=G5HtnmIji7IC&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&source=bl&ots=VQkEh4aClt&sig=GvzEb5wyVn5RAGkZKACqhjDE5wI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie%20fran%C3%A7aise%22&f=false] ; and so on [https://www.google.fr/search?q=%22French+Algeria%22&btnG=Search+Books&tbm=bks&tbo=1#q=%22Alg%C3%A9rie+fran%C3%A7aise%22&hl=en&tbo=1&tbm=bks&ei=iTdoUNqwKsWFhQempYGACA&sqi=2&start=10&sa=N&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&fp=e999ce0a72b02920&biw=1024&bih=540]</ref><ref>{{en}} Royal Institute for international affairs, ''African Boundaries'', 1979, p. 89, [http://books.google.fr/books?id=A8Du4k0udx4C&pg=PA89&lpg=PA89&dq=%22French+Algeria%22&source=bl&ots=qFiGFvUJkM&sig=oO1Uk3TcUl8TnSc_Pkgs10fEQt4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jjZoUJzRNY22hAeCn4AY&ved=0CEUQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage&q=%22French%20Algeria%22&f=false]</ref> {{lang-ar|الجزائر الفرنسية}} ''Al-Jaza'ir Al-Fransiyah'') lasteddari fromtahun 1830 tohingga tahun 1962, underdibawah aberbagai varietysistem ofpemerintahan. governmental systems.Dari Fromtahun 1848 untilhingga independencekemerdekaan, thewilayah wholeMediterania Mediterraneanseluruh regionAljazair ofdiberikan Algeriasebagai was administered as anbagian integral part ofdari [[FrancePerancis]], much likeseperti [[Corsica]] anddan [[Réunion]] areyang tosampai thishari dayini. ThePedalaman vastyang aridtandus interiordan ofluas Algeriadi Aljazair, likeseperti the rest ofsisa [[FrenchPerancis NorthAfrika AfricaUtara]], wastidak neverpernah considereddianggap partsebagai ofbagian dari FrancePerancis. OneSalah ofsatu France'swilayah longest-heldluar overseasnegeri territoriesyang menjadi wilayah kekuasaan [[Perancis]], [[AlgeriaAljazair]] becamemenjadi atujuan destinationbagi forratusan hundredsribu of thousands ofimigran [[Europeankelompok ethnicetnis groupsEropa|EuropeanEropa]] immigrants, knownyang asdikenal sebagai ''colonskolon'' anddan laterkemudian, assebagai ''[[pied-noir|pieds-noir]]s''. However, indigenous [[Muslim]]s remained a majority of the territory's population throughout its history. Gradually, dissatisfaction among the Muslim population with its lack of political and economic status fueled calls for greater political autonomy, and eventually independence, from France. Tensions between the two population groups came to a head in 1954, when the first violent events of what was later called the [[Algerian War]] began. The war concluded in 1962, when Algeria gained complete independence following the March 1962 [[Evian agreements]] and the July 1962 [[Algerian self-determination referendum, 1962|self-determination referendum]].
 
==Sumber dan bibliografi==
* Original text: '' [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/dztoc.html Library of Congress Country Study] of Algeria''
*{{fr icon}} [[Patrick Weil]], [http://www.iue.it/PUB/HEC03-03.pdf Le statut des musulmans en Algérie coloniale, Une nationalité française dénaturée], [[European University Institute]], [[Florence]] (on the legal statuses of Muslim populations in Algeria)
* {{fr icon}} [[Olivier LeCour Grandmaison]], ''Coloniser, Exterminer – Sur la guerre et l'Etat colonial'', [[Fayard]], 2005, ISBN 2-213-62316-3 ( [http://www.ldh-toulon.net/article.php3?id_article=508#table Table of contents])
* {{fr icon}} Charles-Robert Ageron, ''Histoire de l'Algérie contemporaine, 1871–1954'', 1979 (a groundbreaking work on the historiography of French colonialism)
*Alistair Horne, ''A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954–1962'', (Viking Adult, 1978) (discusses the end of French rule in Algeria).
* General Paul Aussaresses, ''The Battle of the Casbah: Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Algeria, 1955–1957''. (New York: Enigma Books, 2010) ISBN 978-1-929631-30-8.
 
==Referensi==
{{Reflist}}
 
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[[Kategori:Aljazair]]
 
[[ar:الاحتلال الفرنسي للجزائر]]
[[cy:Algeria Ffrengig]]
[[en:French Algeria]]
[[el:Γαλλική Αλγερία]]
[[es:Colonización francesa de Argelia]]
[[fr:Algérie française]]
[[kk:Француздық Алжир]]
[[ja:フランス領アルジェリア]]
[[no:Fransk Algerie]]
[[pl:Algieria francuska]]
[[ro:Algeria franceză]]
[[ru:Французский Алжир]]
[[sv:Franska Algeriet]]
[[tr:Fransız Cezayiri]]
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