Perdana Menteri Pakistan: Perbedaan revisi

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{{Infobox Political post
#ALIH [[Daftar Perdana Menteri Pakistan]]
|post = Perdana Menteri
|body = Pakistan
|flag = Flag_of_the_Prime_Minister_of_Pakistan.svg
|flagsize = 125px
|flagcaption = Bendera Perdana Menteri Pakistan
|flagborder = true
|image =
|imagesize = 165px
|incumbent =
|incumbentsince = 26 April 2012
|style =
|residence = Kediaman Perdana Menteri
|appointer = [[Majelis Nasional Pakistan]]
|termlength = Selama lima tahun; Selesai dengan pembubaran Majelis Nasional
|formation = {{Start date and years ago|mf=no|1947|07|14}}
|inaugural = [[Liaquat Ali Khan]]
|website = [http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/ www.pakistan.gov.pk/]
|}}
 
'''Perdana Menteri Pakistan''' ({{lang-ur|{{Nastaliq|وزیر اعظم}}}} ''Wazir-e-Azam'' literal ''"Grand Minister"'') adalah prinsip [[Kepala Pemerintahan]] [[Negara Pakistan]] yang ditunjuk untuk melaksanakan sebagai negara [[Chief executive officer|Chief Executive]] (CE). Dengan [[Konstitusi Pakistan|Konstitusi]], Pakistan menganut [[Sistem Parlementer|sistem]][[Demokrasi Parlementer|demokrasi parlementer]] dari [[pemerintahan]], yang terdiri Perdana Menteri sebagai Kepala Eksekutif dan kepala pemerintahan. Saat ini, kursi Perdana Menteri sedang kosong karena diskualifikasi dari Perdana Menteri, [[Yousaf Raza Gillani]] dari [[Partai Rakyat Pakistan]], oleh Mahkamah Agung Pakistan akibat penghinaan terhadap pengadilan pada 19 Juni 2012.
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The Prime Minister is elected by the people-elected [[National Assembly of Pakistan|National Assembly]], members of which are elected by popular vote. Most commonly, the leader of the party or coalition with the most votes becomes the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is responsible for appointing a cabinet as well as running the government operations, taking and authorising the executive decisions and appointments recommendations also needed the executive confirmation of Prime minister . The [[Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|XVII]] imposed a [[checks and balances|check]] on this power, making it subject to Supreme Court approval or [[veto]]. However, in 2010, the [[Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|XVII Amendment]] was reversed and is replaced with more effective [[Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|XVIII Amendment]] to the Constitution, clearly turning Pakistan from a semi-presidential to a parliamentary democratic republic.
 
The ''office'' of Prime Minister did not exist during three periods of Pakistan's history, a circumstance different from a vacancy in the office, as a result of the dismissal of an ''individual'' Prime Minister by the President or by Martial law. In the first two cases, Pakistan had no Prime Minister from October 7, 1958 until July 3, 1972, and from July 5, 1977 until March 24, 1985— a periods of [[Military coups in Pakistan|martial law in Pakistan]]. During these periods, the President, who was the [[chief martial law administrator]], effectively had the powers of Prime Minister as the head of government, without the title of Prime Minister. In the third case, after [[Pervez Musharraf]]'s coup, Pakistan did not have a Prime Minister from October 12, 1999 to November 20, 2002. During this time, Musharraf, holding the office of ''Chief Executive'', was effectively the [[Head of Government]]. [[Yousaf Raza Gillani|Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani]] WAS the 26th Prime Minister of Pakistan.
 
==History==
The office of Prime Minister was created immediately after the establishment and the creation of Pakistan in 1947. Originally, the Prime Minister was given central executive powers, which were later reduced as the power of the [[Governor-General of Pakistan|Governor-General]] grew. [[Liaquat Ali Khan]] was the first prime minister appointed in 1947, but was [[Assassination of liaqat ali khan|assassinated]] in 1951. From 1951 till 1957, country saw the tenuring of seven different Prime ministers. In 1956, Parliament of Pakistan adopted the [[Constitution of Pakistan of 1956|1956 constitution]], replacing the Governor-General with [[President of Pakistan]]. However, the office was disbanded by President [[Iskandar Mirza]] and, in a [[1958 Pakistani coup d'état|coup d'état]] led by his successor General [[Field Marshal Ayub Khan|Ayub Khan]] in 1958. Khan replaced the 1956 parliamentary constitution with [[Constitution of Pakistan of 1962|1962 Presidential system]], completely dissolving the Prime minister Secretariat. From 1958 until 1970, there was no prime minister as the country had the Presidential system. In 1970, General Yahya Khan appointed Pakistan Movement activist and respected figure [[Nurul Amin]] as the Prime minister and illegally created the office of Vice Prime minister for Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Mujibur Rehman. Though, both denied to take the charge of this office, which led to the arrest of both by Pakistan Army Corps of Military Police. After a humiliating and [[Bangladesh Liberation War|war in East Pakistan]], and later [[Indo-Pakistani War of 1971|war with]] India, the Presidential system collapsed. Following the imposition of [[1973 constitution of pakistan|1973 constitution of Pakistan]], the office of Prime minister regained, and architect of this constitution, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto became the elected Prime minister of Pakistan. The 1973 constitution provide the parliamentary system to Pakistan as President of Pakistan as figurehead.
 
[[Image:Liaquat Ali Khan.jpg|thumb|left|125px|Pakistan's first Prime Minister, Nawabzadah Liaquat Ali Khan. نوابزادہ لیاقت علی خان]]
However, Bhutto was overthrown on 5 July 1977, and martial law declared again, with the office of Prime Minister being suspended until 1985 when [[Muhammad Khan Junejo]] was appointed by the newly elected National Assembly. This election also brought the [[Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|eighth amendment]] to the 1973 Constitution, and gave the President powers that [[Checks and Balances|balanced]] those of the Prime Minister. The President was now able to dismiss the Prime Minister and the National Assembly (effectively calling for new elections) without prior consultation with the Prime Minister. In 1988, [[Benazir Bhutto]] was elected as Prime Minister, becoming the first female head of government to be democratically elected in a Muslim country.
 
From 1990 onwards, the offices of President and Prime Minister would clash, with the President dissolving the National Assembly, and thus dismissing the Prime Minister a total of three times until 1996, with new elections each time. In 1997, Navaz Sharif became Prime minister who would later, through Parliament, drafted and passed [[Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|Thirteenth]] and [[Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|Fourteenth Amendment]]s. With these Amendments, Sharif became country's strongest Prime minister in the history of Pakistan since 1947. However, it did not last longer. After the coup of Pervez Musharraf in 1999, Musharraf assumed the role of Chief Executive, and was the sole ruler of Pakistan. In October 2002, general elections were held, with no party gaining a majority of the [[popular vote]] or [[National Assembly of Pakistan]]. A new Prime Minister was appointed after much political wrangling, [[Zafarullah Khan Jamali]] of the [[Pakistan Muslim League (Q)]], a pro-Musharraf political party.
 
In December 2003, the National Assembly passed the [[Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|Seventeenth Amendment]], partially restoring the power of the President to dissolve the National Assembly (and thus dismiss the Prime Minister), but making the dissolution subject to [[Supreme Court of Pakistan|Supreme Court]] approval.
 
Jamali resigned on June 26, 2004. Interim prime minister [[Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain]] nominated the [[Finance Minister of Pakistan|Finance minister]], former [[Citibank]] Vice-President [[Shaukat Aziz]], to the post. Aziz was elected Prime Minister on August 28, 2004, by a vote of 191 to 151 in the National Assembly. In 2003, Musharraf passed the [[Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|17th Amendment]] which gave the President more powers then the Prime minister, and shifted Pakistan's parliamentary system of semi-Presidential system. During 2006 till the [[Pakistani parliamentary election, 2008|parliamentary elections]] in 2008, Yousaf Raza Gillani became the Prime minister and through his elected lawmakers demanded Musharraf to imposed the 1973 constitution at its real position, and dissolved the 17th Amendment, which the President denied. More and more support to suspend the semi-presidential system began to take place in successive years which Musharraf continued to denied. Following the [[Movement to impeach Pervez Musharraf|successful movement to impeach]] the President, Musharraf resigned and Zardari became the elected President of the country. In 2010, finally lawmakers drafted and successfully and unanimously passed the [[Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan|18th Amendment]], turning back the country to parliamentary democracy republic. The 18th Amendment also removed the power of the President of Pakistan to dissolve the Parliament unilaterally. This amendment sweeped the powers amassed by the Presidency under former Presidents General Pervez Musharraf and General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and to ease political instability in Pakistan.
 
==Recent==
On 19 June 2012,[[Supreme Court of Pakistan|Pakistan's Supreme Court]] disqualified Prime Minister [[Gilani]] on charges of not obeying court orders and for not reopening the graft charges against President [[Asif Ali Zardari]].The [[Pakistan People's Party]] is to choose a new Prime Minister in place of Gilani.
<ref>{{cite news| url= http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/Pakistan/Pak-SC-disqualifies-Gilani-new-PM-to-be-selected-soon/Article1-874936.aspx| title= Pak SC disqualifies Gilani; new PM to be selected soon| date=19 June 2012}}</ref>
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#ALIH== [[Daftar Perdana Menteri Pakistan]] ==
[[Image:House of the Prime Minister of Pakistan in Islamabad.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Sekretariat Perdana Menteri]]
{{Main|Daftar Perdana Menteri Pakistan}}
 
== Referensi ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Pranala luar ==
{{Portal|Pemerintahan Pakistan}}
*[http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/ Situs Pemerintah]
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Perdana Menteri Pakistan}}
[[Kategori:Politik Pakistan]]
[[Kategori:Perdana Menteri Pakistan|Perdana Menteri Pakistan]]
 
[[bn:পাকিস্তানের প্রধানমন্ত্রী]]
[[cy:Prif Weinidog Pakistan]]
[[da:Pakistans premierministre]]
[[dv:ޕާކިސްތާނުގެ ބޮޑުވަޒީރު]]
[[hif:Pakistan ke Prime Minister]]
[[fr:Premier ministre du Pakistan]]
[[hi:पाकिस्तान के प्रधान मन्त्री]]
[[ms:Perdana Menteri Pakistan]]
[[new:पाकिस्तानयागु प्रधानमन्त्रीतेगु धलः]]
[[ja:パキスタンの首相]]
[[pnb:وزیراعظم پاکستان]]
[[pl:Premierzy Pakistanu]]
[[ru:Премьер-министр Пакистана]]
[[sr:Премијер Пакистана]]
[[sh:Premijer Pakistana]]
[[ur:وزیر اعظم پاکستان]]
[[vi:Thủ tướng Pakistan]]
[[zh:巴基斯坦总理]]
[[simple:Prime Minister of Pakistan]]
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