Bangsa Hurri: Perbedaan revisi

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Pengetahuan tentang kebudayaan Hurria didasarkan pada penggalian arkeologis di situs-situs semacam Nuzi dan [[Alalakh]] selain juga lemabran kuneiform, khususnya dari [[Hattusa]] (Boghazköy), ibukkota Kekasiaran Hittit, yang peradabannya banyak dipengaruhi oleh bangsa Hurria. Lembaran dari Nuzi, [[Alalakh]], dan kota-ktoa lainnya dengan penduduk Hurria (seperti ditunjukkan oleh nama-nama pribadi) mengungkapkan ciri kebudayaan Hurria meskipun ditulis dalam bahasa Akkadia. [[Segel silinder]] Hurria diukir dengan cermat dan kadang menunjukkan motif-motif mitologi. Itu semua adalah kunci untuk memahami sejarah dan kebudayaan Hurria.
 
== ReferensiCatatan kaki ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Referensi ==
*[[Isaac Asimov|Asimov, Isaac]]. ''The Near East: 10,000 Years of History''. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968.
* Chahin, M. ''The Kingdom of Armenia''. London and New York: Croom Helm, 1987. Reprint, New York: Dorset Press, 1991. Second, revised edition, as ''The Kingdom of Armenia: A History''. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2001. ISBN 0700714529
* [[Igor Diakonov|Diakonov, Igor M.]], and [[Sergei Starostin]]. ''Hurro-Urartian as an Eastern Caucasian Language''. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft. Munich: R. Kitzinger, 1986. ISBN 3920645391
* Duchesne-Guillemin, Marcelle. ''A Hurrian Musical Score from Ugarit: The Discovery of Mesopotamian Music''. Sources from the ancient near east, vol. 2, fasc. 2. Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1984. ISBN 0-89003-158-4
* Gelb, Ignace J. ''Hurrians and Subarians'', Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization No. 22. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944.
* Gurney, O. R. "The Beginning of Civilization,"{{Citation needed|date=March 2009}}<!--Publication information needed.-->.
* Güterbock, Hans Gustav. "Musical Notation in Ugarit". ''Revue d'Assyriologie'' 64 (1970): 45–52.
* Hawkes, Jacquetta, "The First Great Civilizations"{{Citation needed|date=March 2009}}<!--Publication information needed.-->.
* Ivanov, Vyacheslav V., and Thomas Gamkrelidze. "The Early History of Indo-European Languages". ''Scientific American'' 262, no. 3, 110116, (March 1990):{{Page needed|date=March 2009}}
* Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. "The Discovery of an Ancient Mesopotamian Theory of Music". ''Proceedings of the American Philosophical Association'' 115, no. 2 (April 1971): 131–49.
* Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn. "The Cult Song with Music from Ancient Ugarit: Another Interpretation". ''Revue d'Assyriologie'' 68 (1974): 69–82.
* Kilmer, Anne Draffkorn, Richard L. Crocker, and Robert R. Brown. ''Sounds from Silence: Recent Discoveries in Ancient Near Eastern Music''. Berkeley: Bit Enki Publications, 1976. (booklet and LP record, Bit Enki Records BTNK 101, reissued [s.d.] with CD).
* Kurkjian, Vahan M. ''A History of Armenia''. New York: Armenian General Benevolent Union, 1958.
* Mayrhofer, Manfred. ''Die Arier im Vorderen Orient—ein Mythos?''. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischer Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1974.
* Movsisyan, Artak Erjaniki. ''The Sacred Highlands: Armenia in the Spiritual Geography of the Ancient Near East''. Yerevan: Yerevan University Publishers, 2004. ISBN 5808405866
* Nersessian, Hovick. ''Highlands of Armenia''. Los Angeles, 2000.
* Speiser, E. A. "Introduction to Hurrians," {{Citation needed|date=March 2009}}<!--Publication information needed.-->.
* Speiser, E. A. "Hurrians and Subarians," {{Citation needed|date=March 2009}}<!--Publication information needed.-->.
* Vitale, Raoul. "La Musique suméro-accadienne: gamme et notation musicale". ''Ugarit-Forschungen'' 14 (1982): 241–63.
* Wilhelm, Gernot. ''The Hurrians''. Aris & Philips Warminster, 1989.
* Wilhelm, Gernot (ed.). ''Nuzi at seventy-five (Studies in the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians)''. Bethesda: Capital Decisions, Ltd., 1999.
* Wegner, Ilse. ''Einführung in die hurritische Sprache'', 2. überarbeitete Aufl. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2007. ISBN 3447053941
* West, M[artin] L[itchfield]. "The Babylonian Musical Notation and the Hurrian Melodic Texts". ''Music and Letters'' 75, no. 2 (May 1994): 161–79.
* Wulstan, David. "The Tuning of the Babylonian Harp", ''Iraq'' 30 (1968): 215–28.
 
== Pranala luar ==
* [http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/pies/pdfs/IESV/1/VVI_Horse.pdf Vyacheslav V. Ivanov, "Comparative Notes on Hurro-Urartian, Indo-European, and Northern Caucasian" discusses the difficulties and disagreements faced by linguists working in this area, the term [[Alarodian]] being created especially for the Hurro-Urartian-Nakh-Avar languages as a family.]
* [http://www.nostratic.ru/books/(432)bomhard-hurrian.pdf The Indo-European Elements in Hurrian]
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/neareast/anatolia/h&churrian.html A bibliography on Hurrian]
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/neareast/anatolia/h&curartian.html A bibliography on Urartian]
* [http://history-world.org/hurrians.htm The Rise of the Hurrians] (full text by Robert Antonio)
* [http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/TimesSquare/Labyrinth/2398/bginfo/ac/hurrians.html&date=2009-10-25+11:27:22 The Hurrians and the Ancient Near East History] (full text by Jeremiah Genest)
* [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Asia/Armenia/_Texts/KURARM/home.html Vahan Kurkjian, "History of Armenia", Michigan, 1968, "The Hurri-Mitanni kingdom of Armenia"]
 
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