Jammu dan Kashmir (negara bagian): Perbedaan antara revisi

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(bekas negara bagian, rombak semua kotak info)
{{Infobox settlementformer subdivision
| common_name = Jammu dan Kashmir
| native_name = {{ lower | 0.2em | {{lang|ur|{{nq|جموں و کشمیر}}}} }} <!-- PLEASE DO ''not'' ADD HINDI, PUNJABI, ETC. SEE TALK. // -->
| conventional_long_name = Jammu dan Kashmir
| settlement_type = {{flagicon|India}} [[Negara bagian dan wilayah India|Negara bagian India]]
| nation = India
| image_skyline =
| status_text = [[Pembagian administratif India|Bekas negara bagian]]
| image_alt =
| capital = [[Srinagar]] (Mei–Oktober)<br/> [[Jammu]] (November–April)<ref name="Darbar Move">{{Cite news |url=https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/what-is-the-darbar-move-in-j-k-all-about/article18409452.ece |title=What is the Darbar Move in J&K all about? |author=The Hindu Net Desk |date=8 May 2017 |newspaper=The Hindu |language=en-IN |access-date=23 February 2019 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171110135648/http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/what-is-the-darbar-move-in-j-k-all-about/article18409452.ece |archive-date=10 November 2017 |url-status=live }}</ref>
| image_caption =
| year_start = 1952
| image_flag = Jammu-Kashmir-flag.svg
| date_start = 17 November
| image_seal = Seal of Jammu and Kashmir color.png
| event_start = Penghapusan monarki
| seal_alt = Lambang
| event1 = [[Pasal 370 Undang-undang Dasar India#Perintah Presiden 1954|Perintah Presiden 1954]]
| map_alt = Jammu dan Kashmir
| date_event1 = 14 Mei 1954
| image_map = File:Jammu and Kashmir in India (de-facto) (disputed hatched).svg
| year_end = 2019
| map_caption =
| date_end = 31 Oktober
| image_map1 = Kashmir_region_2004.jpg
|event_end = [[Undang-undang Perombakan Jammu dan Kashmir, 2019|Perombakan]] menjadi [[Jammu dan Kashmir (wilayah persatuan)|Jammu dan Kashmir]] dan [[Ladakh]]
| map_caption1 = Peta Jammu dan Kashmir
| p1 = Jammu dan Kashmir (wilayah kerajaan)
| latd = 33.45
| flag_p1 = Jammu-Kashmir-flag-1936-1953.gif
| longd = 76.24
| s1 = Jammu dan Kashmir (wilayah persatuan)
| coor_pinpoint = Srinagar
| s2 = Ladakh
| coordinates_type = region:IN-JK_type:adm1st
| flag_s1 = Flag of India.svg
| coordinates_display = inline,title
| flag_s2 = Flag of India.svg
| coordinates_footnotes =
| image_flag = Flag of Jammu and Kashmir (1952-2019).svg
| coordinates_region = IN-JK
| symbol_type = Lambang
| subdivision_type = Negara
| image_coat = Seal of Jammu and Kashmir color.png
| subdivision_name = {{flag|India}}
| image_map = Kashmir_region_2004.jpg
| subdivision_type1 = [[Wilayah di India|Wilayah]]
| image_map_caption = Map of Jammu and Kashmir
| subdivision_name1 = [[India Utara]]
| coordinates = {{coord|34.0|76.5|region:IN-JK_type:adm1st|display=inline,title}}
| established_title = Pembentukan
| legislature = [[Jammu and Kashmir Legislature]]
| established_date = 26 Oktober 1947
| house1 = [[Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council]] (36 kursi)
| parts_type = [[Daftar distrik di India|Distrik]]
| house2 = [[Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly]] (89 kursi)
| parts_style = para
| p1 political_subdiv = [[Daftar distrik di Jammu dan Kashmir|22 districts]]
| title_leader = [[Daftar Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir|Gubernur]]
| seat_type = Ibukota
| leader1 = [[Karan Singh]] (''pertama'')
| seat =
| year_leader1 = 1952–1965 as ''Sadr-e-Riyasat''; 1965–1967
* [[Jammu]] (Oktober–Maret)
| leader2 = [[Satya Pal Malik]] (''terakhir'')
* [[Srinagar]] (Maret–Oktober)
| year_leader2 = 2018–2019<ref>{{cite news |title=Satya Pal Malik sworn in as Jammu and Kashmir governor |url=https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/satya-pal-malik-sworn-in-as-jammu-and-kashmir-governor/articleshow/65512757.cms |work=The Economic Times |agency=Press Trust of India |date=23 August 2018 |access-date=31 August 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180823110106/https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/satya-pal-malik-sworn-in-as-jammu-and-kashmir-governor/articleshow/65512757.cms |archive-date=23 August 2018 |url-status=live }}</ref>
| seat1_type = Kota terbesar
| title_deputy = [[Daftar Ketua Menteri Jammu dan Kashmir|Ketua Menteri]]
| seat1 = Srinagar
| deputy1 = [[Sheikh Abdullah]] (''pertama'')
| government_footnotes = {{ref|leg|[*]}}
| year_deputy1 = 1952–1953 sebagai ''Perdana Menteri''
| governing_body =
| deputy2 = [[Mehbooba Mufti]] (''terakhir'')
| leader_title = [[Gubernur Jammu dan Kashmir|Gubernur]]
| year_deputy2 = 2016–2018<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.firstpost.com/politics/bjp-pdp-alliance-ends-in-jammu-and-kashmir-live-updates-modi-govt-did-everything-to-normalise-situation-says-ram-madhav-4542011.html|title=BJP-PDP alliance ends in Jammu and Kashmir LIVE updates: Mehbooba Mufti resigns as chief minister; Governor's Rule in state|work=[[Firstpost]]|access-date=19 June 2018|date=19 June 2018}}</ref>
| leader_name = [[Narinder Nath Vohra]]
| footnotes =
| leader_title1 = [[Daftar Ketua Menteri Jammu dan Kashmir|Ketua Menteri]]
|native_name=|demonym=|today=}}
| leader_name1 = [[Mehbooba Mufti]] ([[Partai Demokratik Rakyat Jammu dan Kashmir|JKPDP]])
'''Jammu dan Kashmir''' adalah sebuah bekas [[Negara bagian dan wilayah India|negara bagian]] di India bagian utara. Jammu, dan Kashmir berbatasan dengan [[Himachal Pradesh]] di selatan, [[Republik Rakyat Tiongkok]] di utara, dan timur, dan [[Pakistan]] di barat. 67% penduduknya beragama [[Islam]], sisanya Hindu, Sikh, dan Buddhisme. Negara bagian ini terdiri dari tiga wilayah: [[Jammu]], [[Ladakh]], dan [[Kashmir]]. Diterapkannya [[Undang-undang Perombakan Jammu dan Kashmir, 2019]] membuat Jammu dan Kashmir beralih status menjadi [[Jammu dan Kashmir (wilayah persatuan)|wilayah persatuan]].
| leader_title2 = [[Wakil Ketua Menteri]]
| leader_name2 = [[Nirmal Kumar Singh]] ([[Partai Bharatiya Janata|BJP]])
| leader_title3 = [[Legislatif Jammu dan Kashmir|Legislatif]]
| leader_name3 = [[Bikameral]] (87 + 36 kursi)
| leader_title4 = [[Lok Sabha ke-15|Konstituen parlemen]]
| leader_name4 = [[Rajya Sabha]] 4 <br /> [[Lok Sabha]] 6
| leader_title5 = [[High Courts of India|High Court]]
| leader_name5 = [[Jammu and Kashmir High Court]]
| unit_pref = Metric
| area_footnotes =
| area_total_km2 = 222236
| area_rank = [[Daftar negara bagian dan wilayah di India menurut luas|ke-14]]
| elevation_footnotes =
| population_footnotes =
| population_total = 12541302
| population_as_of = 2011
| population_rank = [[Daftar negara bagian dan wilayah di India menurut populasi|ke-19]]
| population_density_km2 = 56
| population_note =
| timezone1 = [[Waktu Standar India|IST]]
| utc_offset1 = +05:30
| iso_code = [[ISO 3166-2:IN|IN-JK]]
| blank_name_sec1 = [[Daftar negara bagian dan wilayah di India menurut Indeks Pembangunan Manusia|IPM]]
| blank_info_sec1 = {{increase}} 0.601 (<span style="color:#fc0">medium</span>)
| blank1_name_sec1 = Peringkat IPM
| blank1_info_sec1 = 17th (2005)
| blank_name_sec2 = [[Literacy in India|Literacy]]
| blank_info_sec2 = 66.7% (ke-21)
| blank1_name_sec2 = [[Bahasa resmi]]
| blank1_info_sec2 = [[Urdu]]<ref name=langoff50>{{cite web |url=http://nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/NCLM50thReport.pdf |title=Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013) |publisher=Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India |page=49 |format=PDF |accessdate=14 January 2015 |archive-date=2016-07-08 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160708012438/http://nclm.nic.in/shared/linkimages/NCLM50thReport.pdf |dead-url=yes }}</ref>
| blank2_name_sec2 = Bahasa lain
| blank2_info_sec2 = [[Bahasa Kashmiri|Kashmiri]], [[Bahasa Dogri|Dogri]], [[Hindi]], [[Bahasa Punjabi|Punjabi]], [[Bahasa Ladakhi|Ladakhi]]<ref name=langoff50/>
| website = {{URL|https://jk.gov.in/jammukashmir/}}
| footnotes =
}}
'''Jammu dan Kashmir''' adalah sebuah [[Negara bagian dan wilayah India|negara bagian]] di India bagian utara. Jammu, dan Kashmir berbatasan dengan [[Himachal Pradesh]] di selatan, [[Republik Rakyat Tiongkok]] di utara, dan timur, dan [[Pakistan]] di barat. 67% penduduknya beragama [[Islam]], sisanya Hindu, Sikh, dan Buddhisme. Negara bagian ini terdiri dari tiga wilayah: [[Jammu]], [[Ladakh]], dan [[Kashmir]].
 
== Demografi ==
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