Ford Mustang: Perbedaan antara revisi

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'''Ford Mustang''' adalah mobil sport coupe yang diproduksi oleh [[Ford]] Motor Company di [[Amerika Serikat]] dari tahun [[1964]] sampai sekarang. Mobil ini pada awalnya diambil dari [[Ford Falcon (Amerika Utara)|Ford Falcon]] generasi kedua.<ref>{{cite book|title = Iacocca: An Autobiography|last = Iacocca|first = Lee|chapter = VI|year = 1969|publisher=Bantam|isbn = 978-0-553-25147-0 }}</ref> Diperkenalkan tanggal 17 April 1964,<ref>{{cite book|last = Flory|first = J. Kelly|title = American Cars, 1960–1972: Every Model, Year by Year|url = https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944|publisher=McFarland & Company|year = 2004|page = [https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944/page/n372 367]|isbn = 978-0-7864-1273-0 }}</ref> pada tahun 1965 Mustang mencatatkan diri sebagai mobil tersukses Ford setelah [[Ford Model A (1927–1931)|Model A]].<ref>{{cite book|last = Hinckley|first = Jim|last2 = Robinson|first2 = Jon G.|title = The Big Book of Car Culture|publisher=MotorBooks/MBI|year = 2005|page = 175|url = http://books.google.com/?id=NorSiqCb9mMC&pg=PA175&dq=%22most+successful+introduction%22+automobile|isbn = 978-0-7603-1965-9 }}</ref> Saat ini, Mustang telah mencapai generasi kelimanya.
 
{{short description|American car manufactured by Ford}}
{{For|crossover bertenaga baterai yang tidak terkait dengan nama yang sama|Ford Mustang Mach-E}}
{{pp-semi|small=yes}}
{{Use mdy dates|date=November 2018}}
 
{{Infobox automobile
| name = Ford Mustang
| image = [[Berkas:Ford Mustang VI IMG 2513.jpg|250px300px]]
| caption = Ford Mustang 2020
| aka = Ford T5<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.fordt5.com/history.html |title=History of the Ford T5 |website=fordt5.com |access-date=July 29, 2021 |archive-date=July 29, 2021 |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20210729081014/http://www.fordt5.com/history.html |url-status=live }}</ref>
| manufacturer = [[Ford Motor Company|Ford]]
| production = 1964–sekarang
| production = March 1964 – present
| model_years = 1965–sekarang
| model_years = 1965–present<!-- The first Mustangs were officially registered as model year 1965. 1964.5 is an unofficial thing. -->
| class = [[Mobil poni]], ''[[Muscle car]]''
| designer = {{Unbulleted list
| body_style = kursi [[2+2 (car body style)|2+2]] [[coupé|coupe]] 2 pintu<br /> [[hatchback]]/[[fastback|fastback/sportsroof]] 2 pintu<br />[[konvertibel]] 2 pintu
| [[John Najjar]]
| layout = [[Mesin depan]], [[penggerak roda belakang]]
| [[Philip T. Clark]]
| [[Joe Oros]]
| Gale Halderman
}}
| class = {{Unbulleted list
| [[Pony car]], [[muscle car]] ([[America]])
| [[S-segment|Roadster sport]] ([[Europe]])<ref>{{cite web |url= https://www.euroncap.com/en/results/ford/mustang/27540 |title=Official Ford Mustang 2017 (reassessment) safety rating |publisher=Euro NCAP |access-date=August 2, 2019 |archive-date=August 1, 2019 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190801194655/https://www.euroncap.com/en/results/ford/mustang/27540 |url-status=live }}</ref>
}}
| body_style = {{Unbulleted list
| 2-door [[coupé]]<!-- sold as the 'hardtop' -->
| 3-door [[hatchback]]
| 2-door [[fastback]]
| 2-door [[convertible]]
}}
| layout = [[Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout|FR layout]]
}}
 
The '''Ford Mustang''' is a series of American [[Car|automobiles]] manufactured by [[Ford Motor Company|Ford]]. In continuous production since 1964, the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. Currently in its [[Ford Mustang (sixth generation)|sixth generation]], it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. The namesake of the "[[pony car]]" automobile segment, the Mustang was developed as a highly styled line of sporty coupes and convertibles derived from existing model lines, initially distinguished by "long hood, short deck" proportions.<ref name=":2">{{cite book|last=Mueller|first=Mike|url= https://archive.org/details/fordmustang00muel/page/21 |title=Ford Mustang |publisher=MotorBooks/MBI |year=1997 |isbn=978-0-87938-990-1 |page= [https://archive.org/details/fordmustang00muel/page/21 21] |url-access=registration}}</ref>
'''Ford Mustang''' adalah mobil sport coupe yang diproduksi oleh [[Ford]] Motor Company di [[Amerika Serikat]] dari tahun [[1964]] sampai sekarang. Mobil ini pada awalnya diambil dari [[Ford Falcon (Amerika Utara)|Ford Falcon]] generasi kedua.<ref>{{cite book|title = Iacocca: An Autobiography|last = Iacocca|first = Lee|chapter = VI|year = 1969|publisher=Bantam|isbn = 978-0-553-25147-0 }}</ref> Diperkenalkan tanggal 17 April 1964,<ref>{{cite book|last = Flory|first = J. Kelly|title = American Cars, 1960–1972: Every Model, Year by Year|url = https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944|publisher=McFarland & Company|year = 2004|page = [https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944/page/n372 367]|isbn = 978-0-7864-1273-0 }}</ref> pada tahun 1965 Mustang mencatatkan diri sebagai mobil tersukses Ford setelah [[Ford Model A (1927–1931)|Model A]].<ref>{{cite book|last = Hinckley|first = Jim|last2 = Robinson|first2 = Jon G.|title = The Big Book of Car Culture|publisher=MotorBooks/MBI|year = 2005|page = 175|url = http://books.google.com/?id=NorSiqCb9mMC&pg=PA175&dq=%22most+successful+introduction%22+automobile|isbn = 978-0-7603-1965-9 }}</ref> Saat ini, Mustang telah mencapai generasi kelimanya.
 
Originally predicted to sell 100,000 vehicles yearly, the 1965 Mustang became the most successful vehicle launch since the [[Ford Model A (1927–31)|1927 Model A]].<ref>{{cite book|last1=Hinckley|first1=Jim|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=NorSiqCb9mMC&pg=PA175 |title=The Big Book of Car Culture|last2=Robinson|first2=Jon G.|publisher=Motorbooks/MBI|year=2005|isbn=978-0-7603-1965-9|page=175|access-date=January 2, 2016|archive-date=January 13, 2022|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20220113131636/https://books.google.com/books?id=NorSiqCb9mMC&pg=PA175 |url-status=live}}</ref> Introduced on April 17, 1964<ref name="Flory">{{cite book|last=Flory|first=J. Kelly|title=American Cars, 1960–1972: Every Model, Year by Year|url= https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944 |url-access=limited |publisher=McFarland |year=2004 |isbn=978-0-7864-1273-0 |pages= [https://archive.org/details/americancarsever00flor_944/page/n372 367]–68}}</ref> (16 days after the [[Plymouth Barracuda]]), over 400,000 units in its first year; the one-millionth Mustang was sold within two years of its launch.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Drummond |first1=Meghan |title=History of the Ford Mustang |url= https://www.cjponyparts.com/resources/ford-mustang-history |website=cjponyparts.com |access-date=December 28, 2020 |date=September 22, 2020 |archive-date=January 17, 2021 |archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20210117001334/https://www.cjponyparts.com/resources/ford-mustang-history |url-status=live }}</ref> In August 2018, Ford produced the 10-millionth Mustang; matching the first 1965 Mustang, the vehicle was a 2019 Wimbledon White convertible with a V8 engine.<ref>{{cite web|url= https://journal.classiccars.com/2018/08/09/mustang-milestone-10-millionth-stang-gallops-off-assembly-line/ |title=Mustang milestone: 10 millionth 'Stang gallops off assembly line|last1=MotorAuthority|date=August 9, 2018|website=The ClassicCars.com Journal|access-date=November 7, 2018|archive-date=November 8, 2018|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20181108030011/https://journal.classiccars.com/2018/08/09/mustang-milestone-10-millionth-stang-gallops-off-assembly-line/|url-status=live}}</ref>
'''latar belakang'''
 
The success of the Mustang launch led to multiple competitors from other American manufacturers, including the [[Chevrolet Camaro]] and [[Pontiac Firebird]]<ref>{{cite book|last=Young |first= Anthony |title=Camaro |publisher=MotorBooks/MBI |year=2004 |page=8 |isbn=978-0-7603-1932-1}}</ref> (1967), [[AMC Javelin]] (1968), and [[Dodge Challenger]]<ref name=":3">{{cite book|last=Zazarine|first=Paul|title=Barracuda and Challenger |publisher=MotorBooks/MBI |year=2002|isbn=978-0-87938-538-5|page=29}}</ref> (1970). The Mustang also had an effect on designs of coupés worldwide, leading to the marketing of the [[Toyota Celica]] and [[Ford Capri]] in the United States (the latter, by Lincoln-Mercury). The [[Mercury Cougar]] was launched in 1967 as a unique-bodied higher-trim alternative to the Mustang; during the 1970s, it included more features and was marketed as a [[personal luxury car]].
The Ford Mustang dibawa lima bulan sebelum dimulainya normal tahun produksi 1965. Versi-versi
awal sering disebut sebagai 1964 ½ model, tetapi VIN kode oleh Ford dan
berjudul 1965 model [ 8 ] dengan produksi dimulai di Dearborn, Michigan
pada 9 Maret 1964 [ 9 ] dan mobil baru diperkenalkan kepada publik pada
April 17, 1964 [ 10 ] di New York World Fair [ 11 ] .
 
From 1965 until 2004, the Mustang shared chassis commonality with other Ford model lines, staying rear-wheel-drive throughout its production. From 1965 to 1973, the Mustang was derived from the 1960 [[Ford Falcon (North America)|Ford Falcon]] compact. From 1974 until 1978, the Mustang (denoted Mustang II) was a longer-wheelbase version of the [[Ford Pinto]]. From 1979 until 2004, the Mustang shared its [[Ford Fox platform|Fox platform]] chassis with 14 other Ford vehicles (becoming the final one to use the Fox architecture). Since 2005, Ford has produced two generations of the Mustang, each using a distinct platform unique to the model line.
Stylist
Executive John Najjar Ferzely, yang adalah seorang penggemar P - 51
Mustang pesawat tempur Perang Dunia II, dikreditkan oleh Ford telah
mengusulkan nama. [ 12 ] John Najjar Ferzely co - dirancang prototipe
pertama dari Ford Mustang yang dikenal sebagai Ford
Mustang I pada tahun 1961, bekerja bersama-sama dengan sesama Ford
stylist Philip T. Clark . [ 13 ] The Mustang saya membuat debut resminya
di Grand Prix Amerika Serikat di Watkins Glen, New York pada tanggal 7
Oktober 1962, di mana test driver dan kontemporer Formula satu pembalap Dan Gurney tersusun trek dalam demonstrasi menggunakan kedua "ras " prototipe . Kali pangkuannya hanya sedikit dari kecepatan mobil balap F1 .
 
Through its production, multiple nameplates have been associated with the Ford Mustang series, including GT, Mach 1, Boss 302/429, Cobra (separate from [[Shelby Cobra]]), and Bullitt, along with "5.0" fender badging (denoting 4.9&nbsp;L OHV or 5.0&nbsp;L DOHC V8 engines).
Sebuah
pandangan alternatif adalah bahwa Robert J. Eggert, Ford Divisi
manajer riset pasar, pertama mengusulkan nama Mustang . Eggert
, seorang peternak dari quarterhorses, menerima hadiah ulang tahun
dari istrinya buku, The Mustang oleh J. Frank Dobie pada tahun 1960 . Kemudian, judul buku memberinya gagasan menambahkan " Mustang " nama untuk mobil konsep baru Ford . Perancang
disukai Cougar atau Torino ( dan kampanye iklan menggunakan nama Torino
itu benar-benar siap ), sementara Henry Ford II ingin T - burung II . [
14 ] Sebagai orang yang bertanggung jawab untuk penelitian Ford pada
nama potensial, Eggert menambahkan " Mustang " untuk daftar
yang akan diuji oleh kelompok fokus, " Mustang, " dengan margin yang
lebar, keluar di atas di bawah judul<nowiki> </nowiki>: " Kecocokan sebagai nama untuk
Mobil khusus . " [ 15 ] [ 16 ] nama tidak dapat digunakan di Jerman, [ 17 ] namun, karena dimiliki oleh Krupp, yang pernah memproduksi truk antara tahun 1951 dan 1964 dengan nama Mustang . Ford menolak untuk membeli nama untuk sekitar US $ 10.000 dari Krupp pada saat itu . Kreidler
, produsen moped, juga menggunakan nama, sehingga Mustang dijual di
Jerman sebagai " T - 5 " sampai dengan Desember 1978.
 
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Mustang
tumbuh lebih besar dan lebih berat dengan masing-masing model tahun
sampai, dalam menanggapi 1971-1973 model, Ford kembali mobil ukuran
dan konsep aslinya untuk 1974. Sejak itu terlihat beberapa generasi Platform dan desain . Meskipun
beberapa mobil kuda lain telah melihat kebangunan rohani, Mustang
adalah satu-satunya pony mobil asli untuk tetap dalam produksi terganggu
selama lima dekade pembangunan dan revisi . [ 18 ]
 
== Referensi ==
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