Bahasa Indonesia: Perbedaan revisi

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{{Infobox Bahasa
|name=Bahasa Indonesia
|states=[[Indonesia]]
|states={{flag|Indonesia}}{{br}}{{flag|Timor Leste}}{{br}}{{flag|Malaysia}}{{br}}{{flag|Filipina}}{{br}}{{flag|Arab Saudi}}{{br}}{{flag|Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling)}}{{br}}{{flag|Pulau Natal}}{{br}}{{flag|Suriname}}{{br}}{{flag|Belanda}}{{br}}{{flag|Kaledonia Baru}}{{br}}{{flag|Palau}}{{br}}{{flag|Papua Nugini}}
|region='''[[Asia]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Indonesia}}{{br}}{{flag|Timor Leste}}{{br}}{{flag|SingapuraMalaysia}}{{br}}{{flag|VietnamBrunei}}{{br}}{{flag|FilipinaSingapura}}{{br}}{{flag|Arab SaudiVietnam}}{{br}}{{flag|Hong KongFilipina}}{{br}}{{flag|TaiwanArab Saudi}}{{br}}{{flag|SriHong LankaKong}}{{br}}{{flag|Taiwan}}{{br}}'''[[Australia]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Australia}}{{br}}{{flag|Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling)}}{{br}}{{flag|Pulau Natal}}
{{br}}'''[[Afrika]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Afrika Selatan}}{{br}}{{flag|Madagaskar}}{{br}}'''[[Amerika Selatan]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Suriname}}{{br}}'''[[Amerika Utara]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Amerika Serikat}}{{br}}'''[[Eropa]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Belanda}}{{br}}'''[[Pasifik]]''':{{br}}{{flag|Kaledonia Baru}}{{br}}{{flag|Palau}}{{br}}{{flag|Papua Nugini}}
|speakers={{sigfig|42,766|2}}&nbsp;juta (sensus 2010)<ref name="sensus2010"/>
|rank=56
|script=
[[Alfabet Latin|Latin]] ([[Alfabet bahasa Indonesia]])<br>[[Braille]] bahasa Indonesia
|nation={{flag|ASEAN}}
{{flag|Indonesia}}
----
{{flag|ASEAN}}
{{flag|Indonesia}}{{br}}{{flag|Timor Leste}}<ref name="easttimorgovernment.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|title=East Timor Languages|website=www.easttimorgovernment.com|access-date=21 Maret 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304130633/http://easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|archive-date=4 Maret 2016|url-status=dead}}</ref>{{br}}{{flag|Singapura}}{{br}}{{flag|Vietnam}}
|minority=
|minority={{flag|Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa}} (digunakan dalam [[Pemeliharaan perdamaian|misi menjaga perdamaian PBB]])
{{flag|Indonesia}}{{br}}{{flag|Timor Leste}}<ref name="easttimorgovernment.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|title=East Timor Languages|website=www.easttimorgovernment.com|access-date=21 Maret 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304130633/http://easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|archive-date=4 Maret 2016|url-status=dead}}</ref>{{br}}{{flag|SingapuraSuriname}}{{br}}{{flag|Australia}}{{br}}{{flag|Amerika Serikat}}{{br}}{{flag|Filipina}}{{br}}{{flag|Belanda}}{{br}}{{flag|Arab Saudi}}{{br}}{{flag|Vietnam}}{{br}}{{flag|Palau}}{{br}}{{flag|Hong Kong}}{{br}}{{flag|Brunei}}{{br}}{{flag|Malaysia}}{{br}}{{flag|Singapura}}{{br}}{{flag|Papua Nugini}}
----
|minority={{flag|Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa}} (digunakan dalam [[Pemeliharaan perdamaian|misi menjaga perdamaian PBB]])
{{flag|Kaledonia Baru}}{{br}}{{flag|Suriname}}{{br}}{{flag|Australia}}{{br}}{{flag|Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling)}}{{br}}{{flag|Amerika Serikat}}{{br}}{{flag|Filipina}}{{br}}{{flag|Belanda}}{{br}}{{flag|Arab Saudi}}{{br}}{{flag|Vietnam}}{{br}}{{flag|Palau}}{{br}}{{flag|Hong Kong}}{{br}}{{flag|Brunei}}{{br}}{{flag|Malaysia}}{{br}}{{flag|Pulau Natal}}{{br}}{{flag|Papua Nugini}}
|agency=[[Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa]]
|map=Indonesian Language Map.svg
|mapcaption=Keterangan:{{br}}{{color box|#00008B}} Wilayah Bahasa Indonesia dominan dipertuturkan dan sebagai bahasa resmi.{{br}}{{color box|#ADD8E6}} Wilayah Bahasa Indonesia dituturkan oleh minoritas.
|iso1=id|iso2=ind|iso3=ind|sign=[[Bahasa Isyarat Indonesia|BISINDO, SIBI]]|lingua=31-MFA-ac|glotto=indo1316|ancestor=[[Bahasa Melayu Kuno]]|ancestor2=[[Bahasa Melayu Klasik]] (bahasa Melayu Riau)|glottorefname=Indonesian|speakers2=[[Bahasa kedua|penutur L2bahasa kedua]]: {{sigfig|155,93|3}}&nbsp;juta (2010sensus census2010)<ref name="sensus2010"/>}}
[[Berkas:WIKITONGUES- Nila speaking Indonesian.webm|jmpl|Penutur bahasa Indonesia]]
'''Bahasa Indonesia''' ({{lang-en|Indonesian language}}) adalah [[bahasa nasional]] dan resmi di seluruh Indonesia. Ini merupakan bahasa komunikasi resmi, diajarkan di sekolah-sekolah dan digunakan untuk disiarkan di media elektronik dan digital. Sebagai negara dengan tingkat [[multilingual]] (terutama trilingual)<ref>{{cite web |url=https://coconuts.co/jakarta/news/report-indonesia-most-trilingual-country-world/|title=Indonesia is The Most Trilingual Country in The World|lang=en|trans-title=Indonesia Negara Trilingual Teratas di Dunia|author=<!--Not stated-->}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.wowshack.com/indonesia-ranks-as-the-top-trilingual-country-in-the-world/amp/|title=Indonesia Ranks As The Top Trilingual Country In The World|lang=en|trans-title=Indonesia Duduki Peringkat Teratas Sebagai Negara Trilingual Di Dunia|author=<!--Not stated--> |date=2021}}</ref> teratas di dunia, mayoritas [[orang Indonesia]] juga mampu bertutur dalam bahasa daerah atau bahasa suku mereka sendiri, dengan yang paling banyak dituturkan adalah bahasa [[bahasa Jawa|Jawa]] dan [[bahasa Sunda|Sunda]] yang juga memberikan pengaruh besar ke dalam elemen bahasa Indonesia itu sendiri.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.indonesia.travel/gb/en/general-information/language|title=Indonesian (language)|lang=en|trans-title=Bahasa Indonesia|author=<!--Not stated-->|work=Ministry of Tourism, Republic of Indonesia}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://core.ac.uk/display/159464804?recSetID=|title=Javanese influence on Indonesian|lang=en|trans-title=Pengaruh Bahasa Jawa dalam Bahasa Indonesia|last=Poedjosoedarmo|first=Soepomo|publisher=The Australian National University, Australia}}</ref>
 
Dengan penutur bahasa yang besar di seantero negeri beserta dengan diaspora yang tinggal di luar negeri, bahasa Indonesia masuk sebagai salah satu bahasa yang paling banyak digunakan atau dituturkan di seluruh dunia.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.statista.com/statistics/266808/the-most-spoken-languages-worldwide/|title=The Most Spoken Languages Worldwide|lang=en|trans-title=Bahasa Yang Paling Banyak Dituturkan Seluruh Dunia|author=<!--Not stated-->|date=2021|website= statista.com |publisher=Statista}}</ref> Selain dalam skala nasional, bahasa Indonesia juga diakui sebagai salah satu bahasa resmi di negara-negara lain seperti [[Timor Leste]] dan [[Vietnam]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|title=East Timor Languages|lang=en|trans-title=Bahasa-bahasa Timor Leste|website=www.easttimorgovernment.com|access-date=21 Maret 2016|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304130633/http://easttimorgovernment.com/languages.htm|archive-date=4 Maret 2016|url-status=dead}}</ref> Bahasa Indonesia juga secara resmi diajarkan dan digunakan di sekolah, universitas maupun institusi di seluruh dunia, terutama di [[Australia]], [[Belanda]], [[Jepang]], [[Korea Selatan]], [[Timor Leste]], [[Vietnam]], [[Taiwan]], [[Amerika Serikat]], [[Inggris]], dll.<ref>{{cite web |url= http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/education/217807/indonesian-language-officially-taught-at-vietnam-national-university.html|title=Indonesian Language Officially Taught at Vietnam National University|website=english.vietnamnet.vn}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://kansai.jpf.go.jp/en/news/2017/05/indonesian-thai-and-spanish-language-versions-of-the-marugoto-a1-japanese-online-course-are-now-avai.html|title=Indonesian, Thai, and Spanish language versions of the 'Marugoto (A1) Japanese Online Course' are now available|author=<!--Not stated-->|website=kansai.jpf.go.jp |publisher=Japanese-Language Institute, Kansai}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://cltr.asia.edu.tw/files/15-1028-57989,c1693-1.php?Lang=en|title=The Indonesian, Vietnamese and Thai Language Courses |author=<!--Not stated--> |website=cltr.asia.edu.tw|publisher=Center for the Development of Language Teaching and Research, Asia University|location=Taiwan (Republic of China)}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://sas.fas.harvard.edu/bahasa-indonesia|title=Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian language)|author=<!--Not stated-->|website= sas.fas.harvard.edu|publisher=Harvard University: Faculty of Arts and Sciences}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.cambridgeinternational.org/programmes-and-qualifications/cambridge-igcse-indonesian-foreign-language-0545/ |title=Cambridge IGCSE Indonesian - Foreign Language|author=<!--Not stated--> |website=cambridgeinternational.org|publisher=Cambridge University Press & Assessment}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://arts.adelaide.edu.au/study-with-us/undergraduate/indonesian-studies|title=Indonesian Studies|author=<!--Not stated--> |website=arts.adelaide.edu.au|publisher=The University of Adelaide, Australia}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://arts.unimelb.edu.au/asia-institute/discipline-areas/indonesian|title=Indonesia’s geographic proximity and strategic importance to Australia make it vital to understand its peoples, politics, history, languages and cultures|work=The University of Melbourne}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.monash.edu/arts/languages-literatures-cultures-linguistics/indonesian-studies |title=Indonesian studies |author=<!--Not stated-->|website= |publisher=Monash University, Australia}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/creativity-and-crisis-teaching-indonesian-in-australian-schools|title=Teaching Indonesian in Australian Schools|author=Hamish Curry|work=The University of Melbourne}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.sydney.edu.au/arts/schools/school-of-languages-and-cultures/department-of-indonesian-studies.html|title=Department of Indonesian Studies|author=<!--Not stated-->|website=www.sydney.edu.au|publisher= The University of Sydney, Australia}}</ref>
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