Brendan dari Clonfert: Perbedaan revisi

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Brendan dari Clonfert
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(Brendan dari Clonfert)
[[Berkas:Saint brendan german manuscript.jpg|200px|jmpl|Santo Brendan dari Clonfert]]
'''[[Santo]] Brendan dari Clonfert''' adalah salah satu dari santo-santo biara awal dari [[Irlandia]].<ref name="University">{{en}}John Logan Allen.1997.''North American Exploration: A New World Disclosed. Volume: 1''.University of Nebraska Press.</ref> Ia lahir pada tahun [[484]] di [[Ciarraighe Luachra]], provinsi [[Munster]], daerah barat laut Irlandia.<ref name="University"/> Ia dibaptiskandibaptis di [[Tubrid]], dekat [[Ardfert]] dan ditahbiskan menjadi seorang [[pastor]] pada tahun [[512]].<ref name="University"/> Di antara tahun [[512]] hingga [[530]], ia membuatmembangun sebuah biara di di kaki [[Gunung Randon]].<ref name="University"/> Setelah biara tersebut selesai dibangungdibangun, ia melakukan perjalanan selama tujuh tahun untuk mencari [[Surga]].<ref name="University"/> Dalam ''Navigatio'', diceritakan bahwa ia melakukan perjalanan beserta dengan beberapa [[rahib]] lainnya untuk mencari ''terra repromissionis sanctorum'' ("Tanah Perjanjian Bagi Para Santo" atau juga disebut sebagai "Surga di Bumi").<ref>John D. Anderson.''The Classical Journal'', Vol. 83, No. 4 (Apr. - May, 1988). hlm 315-322</ref> Setelah itu, ia melakukan perjalanan ke [[Wales]], lalu ke [[Iona]] sebelum kebalikembali lagi ke Irlandia dan membangun sebuah biara di [[Annaghdown]], tempat ia menghabiskan sisa hidupnya di sana.<ref name="University"/> Sebelum kematiannya pada tahun [[577]], karena khawatir jasadnya kelak dijadikan [[relikui]] oleh para pengikutnya, ia sudah merencanakan agar jasadnya dibawa secara diam-diam ke biara yang ia bangun di [[Clonfert]] dengan menggunakan kereta barang serta dimakamkan di sana.<ref>http://www.irondequoitcatholic.org/index.php/St/BrendanOfClonfert/</ref>
 
'''Santo Brendan dari Clonfert''' adalah salah satu dari santo-santo biara awal dari [[Irlandia]].<ref name="University">{{en}}John Logan Allen.1997.''North American Exploration: A New World Disclosed. Volume: 1''.University of Nebraska Press.</ref> Ia lahir pada tahun [[484]] di [[Ciarraighe Luachra]], provinsi [[Munster]], daerah barat laut Irlandia.<ref name="University"/> Ia dibaptiskan di [[Tubrid]], dekat [[Ardfert]] dan ditahbiskan menjadi seorang [[pastor]] pada tahun [[512]].<ref name="University"/> Di antara tahun [[512]] hingga [[530]], ia membuat sebuah biara di di kaki [[Gunung Randon]].<ref name="University"/> Setelah biara tersebut selesai dibangung, ia melakukan perjalanan selama tujuh tahun untuk mencari [[Surga]].<ref name="University"/> Dalam ''Navigatio'', diceritakan bahwa ia melakukan perjalanan beserta dengan beberapa [[rahib]] lainnya untuk mencari ''terra repromissionis sanctorum'' ("Tanah Perjanjian Bagi Para Santo" atau juga disebut sebagai "Surga di Bumi").<ref>John D. Anderson.''The Classical Journal'', Vol. 83, No. 4 (Apr. - May, 1988). hlm 315-322</ref> Setelah itu, ia melakukan perjalanan ke [[Wales]], lalu ke [[Iona]] sebelum kebali lagi ke Irlandia dan membangun sebuah biara di [[Annaghdown]], tempat ia menghabiskan sisa hidupnya di sana.<ref name="University"/> Sebelum kematiannya pada tahun [[577]], karena khawatir jasadnya kelak dijadikan relikui oleh para pengikutnya, ia sudah merencanakan agar jasadnya dibawa secara diam-diam ke biara yang ia bangun di [[Clonfert]] dengan menggunakan kereta barang serta dimakamkan di sana.<ref>http://www.irondequoitcatholic.org/index.php/St/BrendanOfClonfert/</ref>
== Referensi ==
{{reflist}}
 
==Daftar pustaka==
===Sumber kedua===
{{refbegin}}
* Ó Donnchadha, Gearóid. ''St Brendan of Kerry, the Navigator. His Life & Voyages.'' OPEN AIR 2004 {{ISBN|1-85182-871-0}}
* Meijer, Reinder. ''Literature of the Low Countries: A Short History of Dutch Literature in the Netherlands and Belgium.'' New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1971.
{{refend}}
 
===Sumber pertama===
{{refbegin}}
*''Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis'' (Latin):
** trans. J.F. Webb in ''The Age of Bede'', ed. D. H. Farmer (Harmondsworth, 1983)
** ed. Carl Selmer, ''Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis'' (South Bend, IN, 1959)
** trans. John O‟Meara and Jonathan Wooding, in ''The Voyage of Saint Brendan: Representative Versions of the Legend in English Translation'', ed. W.R.J. Barron and Glyn S. Burgess (Exeter, 2002).
** ed. and tr. G. Orlandi - R.E. Guglielmetti, ''Navigatio sancti Brendani. Alla scoperta dei segreti meravigliosi del mondo'' (Firenze, 2014).
*The First Irish ''Life'' of St Brendan
**ed. and tr. [[Whitley Stokes (scholar)|Whitley Stokes]], ''Lives of Saints from the Book of Lismore''. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series 5. Oxford, 1890. pp.&nbsp;99–116, 247–61. Based on the [[Book of Lismore]] copy.
**ed. and tr. Denis O’Donoghue, ''Brendaniana. St Brendan the Voyager in Story and Legend''. Dublin, 1893. Partial edition and translation, based on the Book of Lismore as well as copies in Paris BNF celtique et basque 1 and BL Egerton 91.
*The Second Irish ''Life'' of St Brendan (conflated with the ''Navigatio''). Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique 4190–4200 (transcript by [[Mícheál Ó Cléirigh]])
**ed. and tr. Charles Plummer, ''Bethada náem nÉrenn. Lives of the Irish saints''. Oxford: Clarendon, 1922. Vol. 1. pp.&nbsp;44–95; vol. 2, 44–92.
* ''Voyage of St Brendan'' (Anglo-Norman)
** ''The Anglo-Norman Voyage of St Brendan'', ed. Brian Merrilees and Ian Short (Manchester, 1979)
** ''The Anglo-Norman Voyage of St Brendan by Benedeit'', ed. E.G. Waters (Oxford, 1928)
** ''Benedeit – Le Voyage de Saint Brandan'', ed. and transl. into German Ernstpeter Ruhe (München, 1977)
** Transl. in ''The Voyage of Saint Brendan: Representative Versions of the Legend in English Translation'', ed. W.R.J. Barron and Glyn S. Burgess (Exeter, 2002)
{{refend}}
 
===Bacaan selanjutnya===
{{refbegin}}
* Bray, Dorothy, "Allegory in the ''Navigatio Sancti Brendani''", ''Viator 26'' (1995), 1–10.
* Burgess, Glyn S, and Clara Strijbosch, ''The Legend of St Brendan: A Critical Bibliography'' (Dublin, 2000)
* Chapman, Paul H., ''The Man who Led Columbus to America'' (Atlanta, Ga.: Judson Press, 1973)
* Dumville, David, "Two Approaches to the Dating of ''Nauigatio Sancti Brendani''", ''Studi medievali'', third s. 29 (1988), 87–102
* Esposito, M., "An Apocryphal Book of Enoch and Elias as a Possible Source for the ''Navigatio Sancti Brendani''", ''Celtica'' 5 (1960), 192–206
* Gardiner, Eileen, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/18741120 Visions of Heaven and Hell Before Dante]'' (New York: Italica Press, 1989), pp.&nbsp;81–127, provides an English translation of the Latin text of the ''Voyage of St Brendan''.
* Iannello, Fausto, ''Jasconius rivelato. Studio comparativo del simbolismo religioso dell' "isola-balena" nella'' Navigatio sancti Brendani (Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 2013)
* Illingworth, Robin N., "The Structure of the Anglo-Norman ''Voyage of St Brendan'' by Benedeit," ''Medium Aevum'' 55:2 (1986), 217–29
* Jones, Robin F., "The Mechanics of Meaning in the Anglo-Norman ''Voyage of Saint Brendan''," ''Romanic Review'' 71:2 (1980), 105–13
* Moult, D. Pochin, "St Brendan: Celtic Vision and Romance,‟ in ''Ireland of the Saints'' (London, 1953), pp.&nbsp;153–70
* Ritchie, R. L. G., "The Date of ''The Voyage of St Brendan''‟, ''Medium Aevum'' 19 (1950), 64–6
* Sobecki, Sebastian, "From the désert liquide to the Sea of Romance – Benedeit's ''Voyage de saint Brandan'' and the Irish ''immrama''", ''Neophilologus'' 87:2 (2003), 193–207
* Sobecki, Sebastian, ''The Sea and Medieval English Literature'' (Cambridge: 2008)
* Wooding, Jonathan, "St Brendan's Boat: Dead Hides and the Living Sea in Columban and Related Hagiography‟, in ''Studies in Irish Hagiography: Saints and Scholars'', eds John Carey, Máire Herbert and Pádraig Ó Riain (Dublin, 2001), pp.&nbsp;77–92
* Wooding, Jonathan, ''The Otherworld Voyage in Early Irish Literature'' (Dublin, 2000).
* Wooding, Jonathan, "The medieval and early modern cult of St Brendan," in Boardman, Steve, John Reuben Davies, Eila Williamson (eds), ''Saints' Cults in the Celtic World'' (Woodbridge, Boydell Press, 2009) (Studies in Celtic History),
* Murray, K. Sarah-Jane, "The Wave Cry, The Wind Cry," in From Plato to Lancelot (Syracuse University Press, 2008).
{{refend}}
 
==Pranala luar==
{{Commons category|Saint Brendan}}
{{EB1911 poster|Brendan}}
*[http://www.saint-brendan.org/index.asp St. Brendan the Navigator]
*[http://www.hell-on-line.org/BibBrendan.html Complete Annotated Bibliography on the ''Voyage of St Brendan'' and the ''Life of St Brendan'']
*[http://www.fh-augsburg.de/~harsch/Chronologia/Lspost10/Brendanus/bre_navi.html ''"Navigatio sancti Brendani abbatis"''] in (Latin) [http://markjberry.blogs.com/StBrendan.pdf ''"Voyage Of St Brendan The Abbot"''] in (English)
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20081221033421/http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/bblismore.htm ''Betha Brénnain'' (Life of Brenainn)] translated into English from the [[Book of Lismore]].
*[http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G201001/ ''Betha Brénnain'' (Life of Brenainn)] in (Old Irish) from the [[Book of Lismore]]
*[http://www.opinionjournal.com/taste/?id=110006405 Wall Street Journal: "Of Sainted Memory"]
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20070319060926/http://www.faroestamps.fo/?side=b6d3d096d981070acabd94f279a86586 Faroestamps.fo – Faroese stamp edition] (English, German, French, Danish, Faroese)
*[http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17343/17343-h/17343-h.htm Brendan's Fabulous Voyage] – 1893 lecture by [[John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute]], available from [[Project Gutenberg]]
{{Dua Belas Rasul Irlandia}}
{{lifetime|484|577|}}
 
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