Buddha Gautama dalam agama Hindu: Perbedaan revisi

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== Kontradiksi dengan agama Hindu ==
[[Berkas:Parinibbana.jpg|ka|275px|jmpl|Lukisan [[Parinirvana]] Sang Buddha, dihadiri oleh Dewa [[Sakra (Buddhisme)|Sakra]] dan [[Brahma (Buddhisme)|Brahma]].]]
Meskipun ada pandangan dalam Hinduisme yang menganggap Buddha sebagai seorang [[awatara]], kadang kala ajarannya bertolak belakang dengan agama Hindu dan dianggap sebagai suatu bentuk [[nonteisme]] karena mengajarkan bahwa dunia tidak diciptakan oleh Tuhan Sang Pencipta. Meskipun agama Buddha meyakini adanya para dewa, tetapi para dewa tersebut bukanlah makhluk mahakuasa, tidak menciptakan alam semesta.<ref>{{cite web | title=The Buddhist Attitude to God| work=Statement made to a Multi-religious Seminar|author=Dr V. A. Gunasekara| url=http://www.buddhistinformation.com/buddhist_attitude_to_god.htm | accessdate=2007-04-27}}</ref> Meskipun ajaran Buddha menyatakan adanya [[Brahma (Buddhisme)|Brahma]], tetapi Brahma tersebut berbeda dengan [[Brahma]] dalam agama Hindu yang menciptakan alam semesta. Brahma dalam agama Buddha tidak hanya satu; mereka hanyalah suatu golongan dewa, seperti yang dijelaskan dalam ''[[Brahmajala Sutta]]''. Ajaran Buddha juga mengakui adanya [[Sakra (Buddhisme)|Sakra]], atau pemimpin para dewa, sama seperti [[Indra]] (alias Sakra) dalam ajaran Hindu, tetapi karakteristik dan kisah kehidupan keduanya berbeda.
 
Agama Buddha juga menekankan bahwa segala hal tidak kekal (''anicca''), tetapi yang membedakannya dengan [[agama Dharmik|agama lainnya]] yang berasal dari [[India]] adalah agama Buddha menyatakan tidak ada inti diri yang kekal, atau tiada jiwa dalam makhluk hidup (''anatma'' atau ''anattā''; tiada [[atma]]).<ref name=britannicaanatta>[http://www.britannica.com/topic/anatta Anatta Buddhism], Encyclopædia Britannica (2013)</ref><ref>[a] {{cite book|author=Christmas Humphreys|title=Exploring Buddhism|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=V3rYtmCZEIEC |year=2012|publisher=Routledge|isbn=978-1-136-22877-3 |pages=42–43 }}<br />[b] Gombrich (2006), page 47, '''Quote:''' "(...) Buddha's teaching that beings have no soul, no abiding essence. This 'no-soul doctrine' (anatta-vada) he expounded in his second sermon."</ref><ref name=5sourcesanatta>'''[a]''' [http://www.britannica.com/topic/anatta Anatta], Encyclopædia Britannica (2013), Quote: "Anatta in Buddhism, the doctrine that there is in humans no permanent, underlying soul. The concept of anatta, or anatman, is a departure from the Hindu belief in atman ("the self").";<br />'''[b]''' Steven Collins (1994), Religion and Practical Reason (Editors: Frank Reynolds, David Tracy), State Univ of New York Press, {{ISBN|978-0791422175}}, page 64; "Central to Buddhist soteriology is the doctrine of not-self (Pali: anattā, Sanskrit: anātman, the opposed doctrine of ātman is central to Brahmanical thought). Put very briefly, this is the [Buddhist] doctrine that human beings have no soul, no self, no unchanging essence.";<br />'''[c]''' John C. Plott et al (2000), Global History of Philosophy: The Axial Age, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass, {{ISBN|978-8120801585}}, page 63, Quote: "The Buddhist schools reject any Ātman concept. As we have already observed, this is the basic and ineradicable distinction between Hinduism and Buddhism";<br />'''[d]''' Katie Javanaud (2013), [https://philosophynow.org/issues/97/Is_The_Buddhist_No-Self_Doctrine_Compatible_With_Pursuing_Nirvana Is The Buddhist 'No-Self' Doctrine Compatible With Pursuing Nirvana?], Philosophy Now;<br />'''[e]''' David Loy (1982), Enlightenment in Buddhism and Advaita Vedanta: Are Nirvana and Moksha the Same?, International Philosophical Quarterly, Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 65–74</ref> Keyakinan tentang sesuatu yang bersifat kekal, atau ada jiwa dalam makhluk hidup dianggap sebagai pandangan atau keyakinan yang keliru menurut agama Buddha, dan merupakan sumber utama kemelekatan dan penderitaan (''[[dukkha]]'').<ref>{{cite book|author=Brian Morris |title=Religion and Anthropology: A Critical Introduction |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=PguGB_uEQh4C&pg=PA51 |year=2006|publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-85241-8|pages=51 }}, '''Quote:''' "(...) anatta is the doctrine of non-self, and is an extreme empiricist doctrine that holds that the notion of an unchanging permanent self is a fiction and has no reality. According to Buddhist doctrine, the individual person consists of five skandhas or heaps – the body, feelings, perceptions, impulses and consciousness. The belief in a self or soul, over these five skandhas, is illusory and the cause of suffering."</ref><ref name="GombrichScherrer2008p209">{{cite book|author1=Richard Francis Gombrich|author2=Cristina Anna Scherrer-Schaub|title=Buddhist Studies|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=U7_Rea05eAMC|year=2008|publisher=Motilal Banarsidass|isbn=978-81-208-3248-0|pages=209–210}}</ref><ref name="HoffmanMahinda2013p162">{{cite book|author1=Frank Hoffman |author2=Deegalle Mahinda |title=Pali Buddhism |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=pSNeAgAAQBAJ |year=2013|publisher=Routledge |isbn=978-1-136-78553-5 |pages=162–165 }}</ref>