Partai Komunis Italia: Perbedaan antara revisi

1 bita ditambahkan ,  14 tahun yang lalu
Robot: Cosmetic changes
k (Robot: Cosmetic changes)
Relationships between the PCI and the Soviet Union gradually fell apart as the party moved away from Soviet obedience and Marxist-Leninist orthodoxy in the 1970-80s, definitely embracing social-democracy ([[eurocommunism]]) and the [[Socialist International]]. The PCI sought a collaboration with Socialist and [[Christian Democracy (Italy)|Christian Democracy]] parties (the ''[[Historic Compromise|historical compromise]]''). Relationships also were strained as [[State Security (Czechoslovakia)|Czechoslovakian State Security (StB)]] support for the Italian [[Red Brigade]] increased. The PCI was uncomfortable with the Red Brigade’s tactics, and after the kidnapping and murder of Christian-democrat party leader [[Aldo Moro]] in 1978, the PCI asked the Soviets to pressure the Czech StB to withdraw support, which Moscow was unable or unwilling to do. This as well as the [[Soviet invasion of Afghanistan]] led to a complete break with Moscow in 1979.
[[imageBerkas:quarto_stato.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo's ''[[Fourth Estate|The Fourth Estate]]'' (1902), a popular image amongst the worker's movement]]
In [[1991]] the PCI disbanded to form the ''Partito Democratico della Sinistra'' (PDS), with membership in the [[Socialist International]]. The communist tendency, led by [[Armando Cossutta]], left the party to form the ''[[Partito della Rifondazione Comunista]]'' (PRC) or Communist Refoundation Party.